promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

分詞構句(句中,句尾) 與 動名詞?

1.分詞構句是副詞子句的簡寫, 那麼分詞構句放在句首,句中,句尾的用法:

句首

shocked by the news, Mrs. Wang couldn't say a word.

(Because she was shocked by the news,Mrs. Wang couldn't say a word.)

句中

The teacher, disappointed at the students' reaction, left the classroom.

(這副詞子句要怎麼寫??)

句尾

Father sat on the couch, reading a novel.

(是不是句尾的用法都是會寫成現成分詞, 而不會寫成過去分詞??)

2.動名詞當名詞用,只能當主詞或受詞.而分詞當形容詞,能形容名詞與代名詞.

Jessica thanked me for helping her.

(這裡 helping 為什麼不是當分詞??? 而是當動名詞.它明明不在受詞的位置且又是形容代名詞, 怎麼會是當動名詞呢???)

Appreciate your greate help.

1 Answer

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.分詞構句是副詞子句的簡寫, 那麼分詞構句放在句首,句中,句尾的用法:

    句首

    shocked by the news, Mrs. Wang couldn't say a word.

    (Because she was shocked by the news,Mrs. Wang couldn't say a word.)

    這句用shocked,因由於”被動式”。主角王太太被這則消息

    所震驚了。

    句中

    The teacher, disappointed at the students' reaction, left the classroom.

    (這副詞子句要怎麼寫??)

    這句不算副詞子句,應該是補述的形容詞子句。

    屬於關係代名詞的非限定用法。

    原句是:The teacher, who was disappointed at the students' reaction, left the classroom.

    句尾

    Father sat on the couch, reading a novel.

    (是不是句尾的用法都是會寫成現成分詞, 而不會寫成過去分詞??)

    不是因為在句尾而寫成現在分詞,而是因為read這個動作是

    father主動作的。主動時,就要用現在分詞。如果像第一句,

    被動式的話,就是過去分詞。

    2.動名詞當名詞用,只能當主詞或受詞.而分詞當形容詞,能形容名詞與代名詞.

    Jessica thanked me for helping her.

    (這裡 helping 為什麼不是當分詞??? 而是當動名詞.它明明不在受詞的位置且又是形容代名詞, 怎麼會是當動名詞呢???)

    這裡可以分兩點說明:

    一、for是介系詞,後面一定要接:名詞。因此,helping是動名詞。

    二、for 的受詞,不是her。而是helping her這個動作--動名詞。

    因為thanked是為了(for) 幫助她(helping her)這件事、這個動作。

    Source(s): 個人
    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.