helena asked in 娛樂與音樂音樂古典 · 1 decade ago


什麼是Himiola?有沒有參考書目或 資料能讀?


2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
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    Hemiola [hemiolia]

    (from Gk. hemilios: ‘the whole and a half’; Lat. sesquialtera; It.: emiolia).

    The ratio 3:2. The term was first applied to music in connection with the theory of pitch: when the string of the monochord was divided in this ratio the two lengths sounded the interval of a 5th. From the 15th century, it was used to signify the substitution of three imperfect notes for two perfect ones in tempus perfectum (mensuration with three semibreves to the breve) or prolatio maior (three minims to the semibreve). Such substitutions, which were usually notated using coloration, were widely used in 15th-century music. They were particularly prevalent in the English carol repertory, which was described by Bukofzer as ‘hemiola music pure and simple’

    By extension, ‘hemiola’ in the modern metrical system denotes the articulation of two units of triple metre as if they were notated as three units of duple metre: from Act 4 of Lully’s Le bourgeois gentilhomme (1670), the first bar contains two triple units, and the second has three duple units. This is a common feature of Baroque music, especially of the French courante, and is used for giving rhythmic variety to dances and helping to effect an allargando at the end of a longer movement; Handel made much use of it. In the 19th century it was used by Schumann and often by Brahms, and was an important feature of the Viennese waltz. Hemiola is a distinguishing feature of such folkdances as the Andalusian polo and the Central American huapango, rhythmic characteristics of which were incorporated by Bernstein into ‘America’ from West Side Story .

    2008-02-14 09:38:12 補充:


    M.F. Bukofzer: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Music (New York, 1950), 165

    2008-02-14 09:38:32 補充:

    W. Tell: ‘Die Hemiole bei Bach’, BJb, xxxix (1951–2), 47–53

    K.P. Bernet Kempers: ‘Hemiolenrhythmik bei Mozart’, Festschrift Helmut Osthoff, ed. L. Hoffmann-Erbrecht and H. Hucke (Tutzing, 1961), 155–61

    2008-02-14 09:38:49 補充:

    M.B. Collins: ‘The Performance of Sesquialtera and Hemiolia in the 16th Century’, JAMS, xvii (1964), 5–28

    C. Willner: ‘The Two-Length Bar Revisited: Händel and the Hemiola’, Göttinger Händel-Beiträge, iv (1991), 208–31

    2008-02-14 09:39:08 補充:

    H. Cinnamon: ‘New Observations on Voice Leading, Hemiola, and their Roles in Tonal and Rhythmic Structures in Chopin’s Prelude in B minor, op.28, no.6’, Intégral, vi (1992), 66–106

    2008-02-14 09:39:17 補充:

    V. Corrigan: ‘Hemiola in the Eighteenth Century’, Johann Sebastian: a Tercentenary Celebration, ed. S.L. Benstock (Westport, CT, 1992), 23–32

    Source(s): Grovemusic online
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  • 1 decade ago








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