Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請幫我翻譯這段中文成英文(急用)

女兒節

三月三日在日本稱之為女兒節,女兒節又稱雛祭、桃花節、偶節,家中有女兒的家庭會替女孩穿上鮮豔的和服,擺放偶人娃娃。當天雖然不是國定假日,但家中的成員大都盡量聚在一起祝福女孩子平安幸福及健康成長。

女兒節的由來:

據說在日本的平安時代受到當時唐朝上巳日的風俗影響,三月初巳日人們用紙做成人形狀,意思是將自己身體的不適轉移到人形上去,然後放入河流飄走。在3月3日的傍晚舉行儀式,把各式各樣的人形娃娃隨著供品漂流到河裡去,病痛災難遠遠的漂走,祈求健康、平安。那個時代的貴族少女有玩偶人的習慣,時間一長,慢慢地就演變成了今天的女兒節。

偶人娃娃

女兒節的偶人以及小道具十分華麗精致,一般是七階的台子,需要15個人形娃娃和其他飾品。

最上階:天皇及皇后

第二階:三名宮女

第三階:五人樂隊

第四階:大臣、隨從

第五階:三名僕人

第六階:嫁妝

第七階:牛車、籠子和轎子等

由於偶人娃娃是可以代代相傳,當嫁女兒的時候,把人形娃娃和新添購的家具作為嫁妝讓女兒帶走。有些名門世家的人形娃娃歷代相傳,累積到數百個,每年擺飾出來都相當壯觀,有的甚至是從江戶時代傳下來,有數百年歷史,被列為國家指定的特別文物,其價值難以估計。

偶人娃娃的擺飾時間

通常在3月3日前一、二個星期開始準備。注意不要一次就把它佈置完或留到前一天再佈置,最重要的是,一過3月3日就要把偶人娃娃收起來,最遲也不要超過兩天,因為傳說認為這會影響到女孩子的婚期,擔心將來很難嫁出去。

偶人娃娃的應節料理

人形娃娃的擺飾上,第四階裡兩名隨從中間放置著菱餅、彩色米餅和白酒等,這些都是女兒節的應節物。另外還有些料理,如清湯、花壽司等。

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Daughter's stanza

    Call in Japan on March 3 that it is daughter's stanza, daughter's stanza calls a Chu fiesta, peach blossom stanza again, accidentally stanza, there being the daughter's family in the house will put on fresh gorgeous kimono for the girl and put to put accidentally person's doll.On that day although isn't a national holiday, the member in the house mostly and as far as possible gets together to bless girl's son peaceful happy and healthy growth.

    The cause of daughter's stanza:

    It is said that on the peaceful times in Japan be subjected to at that time tang dynasty up the customs in Si day influenced, at the beginning of in Marchary the Si Japaneses with the paper was adult's shape, meanings is oneself's body of unwell transfered person's form up, then put into river float walk.Hold a rites in the evening on March 3, make the form doll of various people providing the article along with drift river to go, slight illness disaster from a distance the Piao walk, imprecation health, peaceful.The nobility young girl of in those days has the toy figurine the person's habit, once time grow and slowly turn into today's daughter's stanza.

    Accidentally person's doll

    Daughter stanza accidentally person and the prop very gorgeous Jing with the result that, generally is the set of seven ranks son, need 15 personal form dolls and other decoration.

    Topmost rank:Emperor and empress

    The second rank:Three maid-in-waitings

    The third rank:5 people music band

    The fourth rank:Big minister, attendant

    The fifth rank:Three servants

    The sixth rank:Trousseau

    The seventh rank:Ox cart, cage son and Jiao son etc.

    因字數限制 剩最後一段

  • 1 decade ago

    我把網址給你自己去查因為超過字數↓

    http://www.mytrans.com.tw/newMytrans/freeTrans/Fre...

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