Francis asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

if (是否) 名詞子句

whether和 if 引導的名詞子句意思相同

但其中 if子句相對於whether有幾個使用限制,



故我想知道 if 名詞子句 可否作為{補語},因為查了幾本書都沒談到,但沒說不行,理論上好像是可以,但找不到例句....... ?





if 名詞子句在非正式用法中,


3 Answers

  • C L
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    基本上用"whether"是正式的用法,但亦不乏將"if"引導的子句用為補語的例子,就以搜尋引擎來搜尋驗證,在奇摩美國站(用幾個關鍵詞組"question is if","doubt is if","question was if"等,結果像"question is if"都有數百萬頁。(相較下,用"question is whether"搜尋則有上千萬筆)


    ... My only doubt is if we should require ... Again the doubt is if instance methods should be allowed. ... (

    ... Basically my doubt is if databytes is enforced by qmail-queue and not ... (

    My next stupid question is if I already did a vide but didnt put in the ... AM, emerica13 wrote: My next stupid question is if I already did a vide but ... (

    ... a national referendum and the question was if you were for or against leaving ... Question: If it wasn't leaving the entire Golan but almost all of it in return ... (

    The biggest question was if the Scarecrow would return to Gotham in The Dark ... (

  • 1 decade ago


    if引導名詞子句時, if 是引導從屬子句的從屬連接詞~是從屬故不是主詞 , if 當 " 假若,是否 "之意

    例 : He asked me if you could help him or not . 之中 ( if = whether ), ( or not 則可寫或可不寫出 ) : 他問我你能否幫他忙 .

    if you could help him or not ==>if 引導的名詞子句當ask 的直接受詞

    whether 引導名詞子句可當"主詞"、"受詞"、"補語"、"同位語"

    whether 引導間接問句, 在口語中常為 if 所代替, 但若可能與真正條件子句混淆時, 不可改用 if

    ex:  I don't know whether( if) she will be able to come .

    而whether 引導間接問句, 二間接問句由OR相連時, 在OR之後,whether 再重複一次

    ex : I wonder whether we shall be in time for the last bus or whether we shall have to walk home.

    if 名詞子句可當"受詞"、"補語"

    if 是引導從屬子句的從屬連接詞~但似乎不是非正式用法吧~

    if也可以引導副詞子句 : If you cannot come, please let me know. : 你如果不能來請通知我一聲 .

    if you cannot come==>if 引導的是副詞子句 (表條件)

  • 1 decade ago


Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.