Francis asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

if (是否) 名詞子句

whether和 if 引導的名詞子句意思相同

但其中 if子句相對於whether有幾個使用限制,

其中包括不能當作"同位語"、不能當"主詞"與作為"介係詞受詞"

但一般子句包括whether子句可以當作主詞、受詞、補語、同位語

故我想知道 if 名詞子句 可否作為{補語},因為查了幾本書都沒談到,但沒說不行,理論上好像是可以,但找不到例句....... ?

Update:

所以我可以歸納結論如下嗎??

whether名詞子句為正式用法,

可當"主詞"、"受詞"、"補語"、"同位語"

if 名詞子句在非正式用法中,

可當"受詞"、"補語"

3 Answers

Rating
  • C L
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    基本上用"whether"是正式的用法,但亦不乏將"if"引導的子句用為補語的例子,就以搜尋引擎來搜尋驗證,在奇摩美國站(www.yahoo.com)用幾個關鍵詞組"question is if","doubt is if","question was if"等,結果像"question is if"都有數百萬頁。(相較下,用"question is whether"搜尋則有上千萬筆)

    以下是幾個英文網站上的用法例子:

    ... My only doubt is if we should require ... Again the doubt is if instance methods should be allowed. ... (groups.google.com/group/boolang/msg/6a00315e5939e28a?dmode=print)

    ... Basically my doubt is if databytes is enforced by qmail-queue and not ... (www.gossamer-threads.com/lists/qmail/users/132890)

    My next stupid question is if I already did a vide but didnt put in the ... AM, emerica13 wrote: My next stupid question is if I already did a vide but ... (www.newgrounds.com/bbs/topic/113862)

    ... a national referendum and the question was if you were for or against leaving ... Question: If it wasn't leaving the entire Golan but almost all of it in return ... (www.gamla.org.il/english/polls/2000/jan/jan7.htm)

    The biggest question was if the Scarecrow would return to Gotham in The Dark ... (www.comicbookmovie.com/news/articles/3391.asp)

  • 1 decade ago

    if引導的名詞子句:

    if引導名詞子句時, if 是引導從屬子句的從屬連接詞~是從屬故不是主詞 , if 當 " 假若,是否 "之意

    例 : He asked me if you could help him or not . 之中 ( if = whether ), ( or not 則可寫或可不寫出 ) : 他問我你能否幫他忙 .

    if you could help him or not ==>if 引導的名詞子句當ask 的直接受詞

    whether 引導名詞子句可當"主詞"、"受詞"、"補語"、"同位語"

    whether 引導間接問句, 在口語中常為 if 所代替, 但若可能與真正條件子句混淆時, 不可改用 if

    ex:  I don't know whether( if) she will be able to come .

    而whether 引導間接問句, 二間接問句由OR相連時, 在OR之後,whether 再重複一次

    ex : I wonder whether we shall be in time for the last bus or whether we shall have to walk home.

    if 名詞子句可當"受詞"、"補語"

    if 是引導從屬子句的從屬連接詞~但似乎不是非正式用法吧~

    if也可以引導副詞子句 : If you cannot come, please let me know. : 你如果不能來請通知我一聲 .

    if you cannot come==>if 引導的是副詞子句 (表條件)

  • 1 decade ago

    if子句不行作be後面的主詞補語

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