Depression of 1764 (1764 - 1783) - England's Currency Act of 1764 removed the American colonies' right to issue Colonial Scrip, a credit-based money. The destroyed money supply caused a depression that ignited the American Revolution.
Panic of 1797 (1797 - 1800), Bank of England's deflation crosses the Atlantic and disrupts commercial and real estate markets in the colonies and Caribbean.
Panic of 1819 (1819 - 1824), the first major financial crisis in the United States.
Panic of 1837 (1837 - 1843), a sharp downturn in the American economy caused by bank failures and lack of confidence in the paper currency
Panic of 1857 (1857 - 1860), failure of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Co. bursts a European speculative bubble in U.S. railroads and loss of confidence in U.S. banks
Panic of 1873 (1873 - 1879), economic problems in Europe prompt the failure of Jay Cooke & Company, the largest bank in the U.S., bursting the post-Civil War speculative bubble
Long Depression (1873 - 1896), begins with the collapse of the Vienna Stock Exchange and spreads throughout the world. Some historians do not believe it is actually one large recession. It is important to note that during this period the global industrial production greatly increased. In the US for example, industrial output increased 4 times.
Panic of 1893 (1893 - 1896), failure of the U.S. Reading Railroad and withdrawal of European investment leads to a stock market and banking collapse. Duration: 17 months
Recession of (1895 - 1897) Duration: 18 months
Recession of (1899 - 1900) Duration: 18 months
Recession of (1902 - 1904) Duration: 23 months
Panic of 1907 (1907 - 1908), begins with a run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock October 22nd 1907 sets events in motion that will lead to a depression in the United States. Duration: 13 months
Post-WWI recession - marked by severe hyperinflation in Europe over production in North America. Very sharp, but also brief.
Great Depression (1929 to late 1930s), stock market crash, banking collapse in the United States sparks a global downturn, including a second but not heavy downturn in the U.S., the Recession of 1937. Durations: 43 and 13 months respectiviely.
Recession of (1945) Duration: 8 months
Recession of (1948 - 1949) Duration: 11 months
Post-Korean War Recession (1953 - 1954) - The Recession of 1953 was a demand-driven recession due to poor government policies and high interest rates. Duration: 10 months
Recession of (1957 - 1958) Duration: 8 months
Recession of (1960 - 1961) Duration: 10 months
Bond Inversion of (1965 - 1967) no recession materialized
Recession of (1969 - 1970) Duration: 11 months
1973 oil crisis (1973 - 1975) - a quadrupling of oil prices by OPEC coupled with high government spending due to the Vietnam War leads to stagflation in the United States. Duration: 16 months
1979 energy crisis - 1979 until 1980, the Iranian Revolution sharply increases the price of oil
(1981 - 1982) Duration: 16 months
Early 1980s recession - 1982 and 1983, caused by tight monetary policy in the U.S. to control inflation and sharp correction to overproduction of the previous decade which had been masked by inflation
Great Commodities Depression - 1980 to 2000, general recession in commodity prices
Early 1990s recession - 1990 to 1992, collapse of junk bonds and a credit crunch in the United States leads to one quarter of US GDP decline, and therefore not an official recession.
Japanese recession - 1990 to 2003, collapse of a real estate bubble and more fundamental problems halts Japan's once astronomical growth
Asian financial crisis - 1997, a collapse of the Thai currency inflicts damage on many of the economies of Asia
Early 2000s recession - 2001 to 2003: the collapse of the Dot Com Bubble, September 11th attacks and accounting scandals contribute to a relatively mild contraction in the North American economy. Since the US GDP never actually declined in this period it is not considered an offical recession.
List of recessions in US