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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesBooks & Authors · 1 decade ago

What is the ode Occidit Daci Cotisonis agmen? Please help me!!!?

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  • barley
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
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    It is a line from an ode that was written by the ancient Roman poet, Horace, and published in 23 B.C. It's in Latin. The ode is numbered 3.8. Here is a link to the English translation:

    http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/horaces-villa/poetry/Od...

    You'll find your quotation in line 18, translated as "Crushed in the band of Dacian Cotiso"

    It is a reference to the kingdom of Dacia, and its ruler Cotiso, who was a contemporary of Augustus Caesar. Here is something on him from an online encyclopedia:

    "A kingdom of Dacia was in existence at least as early as the beginning of the 2nd century B.C. under a king Oroles. Conflicts with the Bastarnae and the Romans (112-109, 7 4), against whom they had assisted the Scordisci and Dardani, had greatly weakened the resources of the Dacians. Under Burbista (Boerebista), a contemporary of Caesar, who thoroughly reorganized the army and raised the moral standard of the people, the limits of the kingdom were extended; the Bastarnae and Boii were conquered, and even Greek towns (Olbia, Apollonia) on the Euxine fell into his hands. Indeed the Dacians appeared so formidable that Caesar contemplated an expedition against them, which was prevented by his death. About the same time Burbista was murdered, and the kingdom was divided into four (or five) parts under separate rulers. One of these was Cotiso, whose daughter Augustus is said to have desired to marry and to whom he betrothed his own five-year-old daughter Julia. He is well known from the line in Horace ("Occidit Daci Cotisonis agmen," Odes, iii. 8.18), which, as the ode was written on the 1st of March 29, probably refers to the campaign of Marcus."

    The point of Horace's poem is in the last stanza:

    "Be for the nonce a private citizen, care-free,

    and cease to be too much concerned lest in

    any way the people suffer! Gladly take the gifts

    of the present hour and abandon serious things!"

    The poet is telling his friend to stop worrying about all the political troubles and just relax and have a good time.

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