Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat, the seventh Sultan of Maguindanao, was a direct descendant of Sharif kabungsuan, was born in 1580 in Lanao del Sur.
Succeeding his father in 1619, he conquered several datus and made himself the master of the Pulangui area. He controlled the present day Cagayan de Oro and Caraga territories and made Misamis and Bukidnon his tributaries. He was able to negotiate with the Dutch and the Spaniards so that they recognize his sovereignty over these lands. The Spaniards tried but failed to conquer him in all battles. Spaniards were systematically defeated and forced to ransom their soldiers from the sultan. Finally, Governor Fajardo signed a treaty with Kudarat on June 25, 1645 which allowed Spanish missionaries to minister to the needs of the Christians in Mindanao, even allowed a church built, and trade was allowed in the sultan’s territories.
War once more flared in 1658 when Mindoro, Bohol and Leyte were sacked. Spain was unable to dominate the Muslims of the south.
Vito Belarmino was born in Silang, Cavite on June 15, 1857 to Severino Belarmino and Damiana Loyola.
He was sent to the Colegio de San Juan de Letran but was unable to pursue his studies due to the recurrence of a plague in Manila. At age 19 he entered the government service and successively held the postions of teniente mayor, cabeza de barangay, secretary of the local tribunal , gobernadorcillo and justice of peace.
During the Revolution, he was engaged in various attacks against the Spanish forces. In 1896, together with Vicente Giron, they led an attack on the convent and the Spanish guards in Silang. He joined Aguinaldo in the assault against Infantry Battalion No. 72 of the Spanish Army stationed in Talisay, Batangas. On October 29, 1898, he was placed in command of the province of Albay inorder to establish a republican government and to assume the position of military commander of both Camarines and Sorsogon. He was given the power to appoint the chief and members of the General Staff, the officers of the General Headquarters, the president and members of the Court Martial, the chiefs and officers of the Signal Corps, the Medical Corps, the Ordinance Service and the Quarter Master Corps. He organized the infantry of the province into a regiment and formal artillery batteries which he stationed in Capunctocan, Legazpi, in Cabugao and at the port of Tabaco, both in Albay. He also organized a company of engineers and a platoon of cavalry.
At Legazpi, Albay, the Filipinos under Belarmino and General Jose Pawa fought hard against General William Kobbe. On February 8, 1900, Tabaco was captured and on February 23, Naga fell. Pawa surrendered in March 27 but Belarmino continued to fight against the Americans in the region.
After the Filipino American War, Belarmino went back to Silang where he retired into private life, totally blind. He died on July 14, 1933.
Rajah Soliman was the last native ruler of Maynilad, a Muslim kingdom on the southern delta of the Pasig River. He was the most important native chief when Martin de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo landed in 1570. He is known as Ladya Soliman , Raha Mura (young raha) or Rajah Soliman. He was related by marriage to the Sultan of Brunei and he ruled Manila jointly with his uncle, Rajah Matanda.
Goiti burned most of Maynilad and Legazpi arrived in 1571 and concluded a peace pact with Soliman.
Macario Adiatico. He was born in Calapan, Mindoro on March 10, 1869. His father was Luciano Adriatico, a Caviteño who worked as a clerk of the Court of First Instance of Mindoro and his mother was Natalia Gonzales.
He studied at the San Juan de Letran where he completed his Bachelor of Arts in 1889 with the highest honors and at the University of Santo Tomas, he took up medicine but later shifted to law and philosophy and letters. He passed the bar examination in 1902.
He was also a prolific writer, contributing to different publications. Filipinos were not allowed to form literary society or found newspapers but he decided to form a secret society and called it the “Academy of Spanish Language and Literature.”
He also participated actively in the second stage of the Philippine Revolution. In July 1898 he helped the revolutionary forces from Batangas capture the remaining Spanish troops in Calapan. After the liberation of Mindoro, he organized an expeditionary force that liberated Romblon from the Spaniards and at the start of the Filipino-American War until 1901, he was Comandante de Estado Mayor of the Filipino Army in Panay.
As a politician, he organized the Conservative Party, whose aim was the preservation of the Hispanic heritage and the independence of the Philippines.
When the first Philippine Assembly was organized in 1907, he was a delegate for Mindoro where he served for three consecutive terms. In 1908, he authored Act No. 176, the original Manila City Charter. He also sponsored a bill creating two political districts in Manila. Thus he is known as the “Father of Manila’s City Charter.” He was an accomplished politician, serving as a majority floor leader and his brilliant literary skills were likewise recognized both in Spain and the Philippines. He was the first Filipino director of the Philippine Library and Museum.
In 1964 Manila City Council named Macario Adriatico Street after him.
Ladislao Diwa was born in San Roque, Cavite on June 27, 1863 to Mariano Diwa and Cecilia Nocon. He studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree. He studied law at the University of Santo Tomas where he befriended Bonifacio who was often secretly distributing propaganda literature done by Rizal and del Pilar. The two became close friends and Diwa boarded with Bonifacio and Plata where he became acquainted with other Filipino propagandists. He was made oficial de mesa for the district of Quaipo. He joined the La Liga but after Rizal’s deportation to Dapitan, Ladislao Diwa , with Bonifacio and Plata, initiated the founding of the Katipunan.
Bonifacio and Plata agreed to the proposal. In Tondo, they gathered around a table lamp, performed the blood compact and signed membership papers with their own blood. Diwa adopted the name Balete and formed the first triangle with Bonifacio and Plata.
Diwa was transferred to the justice of the peace court in Pampanga. There he continued his propaganda activities, initiating members to the Katipunan in Bulacan, Nueva Ecija and Tarlac. After the discovery of the Katipunan, he was arrested in Betis, Bacolor, Pampanga. He was taken to Fort Santiago, imprisoned and tortured. He shared his cell with Teodoro Plata who was later shot in Bagumbayan but Diwa was set free in exchange for Spanish prisoners.
After his release, he returned to Cavite to join the other revolutionaries under Gen. Mariano Trias. He was instrumental in effecting the surrender of the Spanish forces under Leopoldo Garcia Oeña which retreated to San Francisco de Malabon on May 28, 1898 after Adm. Dewey’s fleet defeated the Spanish navy off Cavite coast. He was promoted colonel in the revolutionary and after the proclamation of Philippine independence on June 12, 1898, he was named the first civil governor of Cavite.
During the second phase of the Revolution, he joined Mariano Trias and became his secretary. After the capture of Gen. Aguinaldo in 1901, he surrendered to the American commander in Indang, Cavite.
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