西西 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

我想請問一些英文的文法?

1.過去完成式的用法

2.現在完成式的用法

3.使役動詞有哪些?

4.假設語氣的用法

5.since的用法

6.有哪些動詞後面要省略should加原型動詞?

7.有哪些動詞後面要加ving?

8.有哪些形容詞可以形容比較級?

9.學測非選題要怎麼準備?

*以上問題希望能夠舉1.2種例句.另外第9提草略回答就好不用詳細

我知道問題很多很麻煩.但還是拜託踴躍回答...謝謝各位大大...

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    1.過去完成式的用法

    助動詞用had

    它的句子裡面會有 ''有過去的意思'' 的字

    通常不會有 ''for'' 或 ''since''

    通常會有 ''before'' , :

    I ___ it before. (空格可填 ''had seen'' )

    2.現在完成式的用法

    表示你做 '過' 了什麼事

    助動詞是用have/has

    它句子的後面一定會出現

    ''for一段時間'' 或 ''since什麼時候''

    所以有的句子即使看起來有 ''已發生過'' 的意思,

    它後面沒有 ''for'' 或 ''since'' ,

    也還是算一般的過去式而已

    I've moved here for two years.

    I haven't eaten dinner since I went home.

    3.使役動詞有哪些?

    (使誰做什麼事)

    一般動詞像ask, get, tell, order, want, would like, need受詞後面需加不定詞(to)

    I would like him to come as early as possible.

    我希望他盡可能地早到。

    Mother asks me to clean my room.

    有幾個使役動詞比較特別,受詞後面不必加 'to' :

    make, have, let

    Sad movies always make me cry.

    He had his son wash the car.

    他叫他兒子去洗車。

    help的受詞後面加不加to都可以

    I helped my sister (to) find her book.

    4.假設語氣的用法

    a. 與現在事實相反的假設

    ( If+主詞1+簡單過去式的動詞/were..., +主詞2 + would/could/should/midht + 原型動詞 ):

    If I had enough money, I would help you.

    如果我有足夠的錢,我會幫助你。(其實我沒有足夠的錢)

    If I were you, I might send him a book.

    如果我是你,我會送他一本書。(實際上我不是你)

    b. 與過去事實相反的假設

    ( If+主詞1+had p.p. ..., +主詞2 + would/could/should/might + have p.p. ):

    If I had visited the island, I would have bought a gift.

    如果我(過去)拜訪過這座島,我會買個禮物。(實際我並沒有拜訪這座島)

    If he had been chosen for the game, they might won the game.

    如果他被選進隊伍,它們就會贏。(但他沒被選進,所以它們也沒贏)

    c. 與未來事實相反的假設

    ( If+主詞1+were to+原型動詞1..., +主詞2 + would/could/should/might + 原型動詞2 )

    ( If+主詞1+過去型態的動詞/were..., +主詞2 + would/could/should/might +原型動詞 )

    If the same thing happened to me, I would be frightened to death.

    要是一樣的事又發生在我身上,我會被嚇死。(其實一樣的事不會再發生在我身上)

    d. 未來有可能發生

    ( If+主詞1+現在型態的動詞..., +主詞2 + will/can +原型動詞... )

    ''will/can'' 的部分可以替換成 ''must/should'' 或 ''have to''

    如果..., 就會/能/必須...

    If she knows his telephone number, she will tell me.

    如果她知道他的電話號碼,她就會告訴我。

    If it rains tomorrow, we won't go out.

    如果明天下雨了,我們就不會出去。

    2008-01-30 02:32:41 補充:

    5.since的用法

    since常常被用在現在完成式中,只要你看到填空的句子後面有 ''since一個時間點'' 或 ''for一段時間'' 前面的動詞通常就是現在完成式( have/has+p.p. )的了。

    另一個用法是 '既然;因為,由於' :

    Since it is so hot, let's go swimming.

    既然天氣這麼熱,我們去游泳吧。

    He must have taken the book since it isn't here.

    他一定是把書拿走了,因為書已經不在這裡了。

    2008-01-30 02:33:33 補充:

    6.有哪些動詞後面要省略should加原型動詞?

    ( 主詞1+動詞+(that)+主詞2(省略should)+原型動詞/be p.p. ):

    a.表示 '建議' :suggest, recommend, move propose

    b.表示 '要求' :ask, require, demand

    c.表示 '命令' :order, command

    d.表示 '力勸、敦促' :advise, urge

    e.其他:insist, prefer, desire, stipulate(規定), maintain(主張)

    2008-01-30 02:34:23 補充:

    The dentist suggested (that) she brush her teeth after each meal.

    The students asked (that) the test be canceled.

    2008-01-30 02:34:47 補充:

    ''insist'' 和 ''suggest'' 如果沒有表示 ''堅持'' 、 ''建議'' ,後面就接一般的動詞型態(不一定是原型):

    He insisted that he was not guilty.(堅決認為)

    The teacher suggested to me that it was my fault and that I should apologize to my classmate.(提醒、暗示)

    2008-01-30 02:35:03 補充:

    7.有哪些動詞後面要加ving?

    enjoy, finish, mind(介意), practice, avoid(避免), consider(考慮), regret(後悔), keep, admit(承認)

    8.有哪些形容詞可以形容比較級?

    ??是even, much, far, still, a lot嗎? :

    It is much harder to make money to spend it.

    He became even angrier when he hit his head on the door.

    可以形容比較級的應該是副詞喔!?

    2008-01-30 02:35:08 補充:

    9.學測非選題要怎麼準備?

    只要多寫一點練習造句或作文,就會熟悉句型,不用死背。或是把選擇題的題目弄清楚也可以。

    希望我可以幫的上你的忙

    我打的字很多,印出來看對眼睛比較好哦!

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  • 1 decade ago

    你可以去書店看一些有關英文文法的書啊!

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  • 1 decade ago

    搜尋知識加就有了

    你的問題都op了喔

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