Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

The creation of NATO, the Warsaw pact, and NORAD?

Can someone PLEASE tell me how any one of these were created, I have an exam tomorrow for 10th grade History, please make it a descriptive but yet simple paragraph explaining whatever one you can. Thanks!

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  • k
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    NATO

    After World War II, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. occupied much of Europe. Most the the continent's governments had fallen to the Nazis during the war, so the two superpowers were left with the responsibility of setting up new governments. Each promised to allow free elections, but in the end, did not. This left eastern and western Europe divided by style of government (eastern was communist, western was not) and left Germany divided between the two superpowers.

    Eventually, as tensions rose between the superpowers, the Soviets cut off their area of Germany, and closed acces to West Berlin, which was located deep within the Soviet zone of occupation. The allies aided the citizens of Berlin with supplies during the Berlin Airlift of 1948. This was a combined effort between the USA, Britian and France to keep the city alive. In the end over two million tons of food and supplies were dropped.

    Soon after, when the Soviets began withdrawing from other countries around the world, it became evident that they were not going to go quietly. The USSR demanded oil concessions from Iran in exchange for withdrawal, but did not get them. In a similar manner, the Soviet leaders demanded that Turkey allow them to utilize its resources to spy on the western world. The Soviets also supported a communist revolution in Greece that led to a bloody civil war. Soon after that, there was a communist coup in Czechoslovakia, which was not a Soviet initiated venture, but quickly received full Soviet support. Western European nations countered this chain of events and the apparent growing Soviet threat with the Brussels Treaty, which defensively linked Britain, France, and Benelux.

    The expansion of Soviet influence in Eastern Europe and the threats against Greece and Turkey aroused growing alarm throughout Western Europe. As a consequence, in April 1949, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, 12 nations established the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to coordinate the military defenses of member nations against possible Soviet aggression. Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the United States (with Greece, Turkey and the Federal Republic of Germany joining afterward in 1952) agreed to consider an armed attack against any one of them as an attack against all. The territory covered included French Algeria, and there were also provisions in the treaty to protect the "occupation forces in any party of Europe." In December 1950, General Dwight D. Eisenhower was appointed the Supreme Commander of NATO military forces with a unified command of 50 combat divisions.

    Warsaw pact

    The Warsaw Pact is the name commonly given to the treaty between Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union, which was signed in Poland in 1955 and was officially called ‘The Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance’.

    Nominally the Warsaw Pact was a response to a similar treaty made by the Western Allies in 1949 (the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, or NATO) as well as the re-militarization of West Germany in 1954, both of which posed a potential threat to the Eastern countries. Although it was stressed by all that the Warsaw Treaty was based on total equality of each nation and mutual non-interference in one another’s internal affairs, the Pact quickly became a powerful political tool for the Soviet Union to hold sway over its allies and harness the powers of their combined military. When Hungary tried to extricate themselves from the agreement in 1956, Soviet forces moved to crush the uprising; and, in 1968, Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia (with support from five other Pact members), after the Czech government began to exhibit ‘Imperialistic’ tendencies.

    Following the diminishing power of the USSR in the 1980s and the eventual fall of Communism the treaty became redundant. The Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved in Prague in 1991, after successive governments withdrew their support of the treaty

    NORAD

    The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) is a bi-national United States and Canadian organization charged with the missions of aerospace warning and aerospace control for North America. Aerospace warning includes the monitoring of man-made objects in space, and the detection, validation, and warning of attack against North America whether by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, through mutual support arrangements with other commands. Aerospace control includes ensuring air sovereignty and air defense of the airspace of Canada and the United States.

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    the Challenger would destroy the T-72 hands down its all a diffrence in design philosphy. one on one there are very few tanks that compair to the NATO tanks. lets say a german Leporard II V a T-80 the T-80 would be enhilated. Traditonally our tanks have better fire control/communications/NVGs. today the T-90 would be compariable to any of the other MBTs on the market for example the M1A2 Abrams or the Leclerc. Ive seen tanks up close and personal and in a 1 on 1 fight its to hard to call, i know the NATO alliance tanks are all kick *** and ive heard rumors about the T-90, but it comes down to who sees who first who gets the first shot, that will be who wins the day FYI the T-72 was made in the 70's not in the 60 it began production in 1970 and was compairable to the M60 MBT as well as the Leporard I and the Cheiftan. in the 60s they used the T-62 and before that the T-54... do we see a pattern devolping?

  • 5 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    The creation of NATO, the Warsaw pact, and NORAD?

    Can someone PLEASE tell me how any one of these were created, I have an exam tomorrow for 10th grade History, please make it a descriptive but yet simple paragraph explaining whatever one you can. Thanks!

    Source(s): creation nato warsaw pact norad: https://shortly.im/PS8vI
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