amy asked in 藝術與人文詩詞與文學 · 1 decade ago

神秘晚餐書中內容

在神祕晚餐一書中,最後一句話〈就是藏在達文西畫中的那句〉

con-sol-a-mentum是什麼意思

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    此為"道明會"的一種儀式

    他們相信救恩只是由「成全者」(Perfect)或「純潔者」的超性苦修和貧窮生活才能獲得的;但是大眾信徒,由於缺乏勇氣和毅力去度這種生活,只好在臨終時,從這些「成全者」領受一種特別的聖事叫「安慰」(consolamentum)。這學說准許信徒去世之前度一種墮落‧非倫理的生活直到他們死亡,同時指定他們「成全者」的生活方式為神聖生活的模範,來諷刺和譏笑當時充滿世俗精神的天主教聖職人員。

    Consolamentum, known as heretication to its critics, was the baptismal sacrament of the Albigenses and other branches of Cathars. Unlike modern mainstream Christianity the Baptism that was used by the majority of Cathars did not involve water, only words, the laying on of hands, and the placing of the Gospel attributed to St-John upon the head of the consoled. According to the Albigenses and other Cathars, the consolamentum was the baptism of the Holy Spirit, reception of all the spiritual gifts, power to bind and loose, absolution, baptismal regeneration, and Ordination all in one. The ritual took many forms; there were some that used the entire New Testament and as stated above some only used the book of John while consoling. There were even some remote cases where water was used during consolamentum being profusely poured over the recipient's head until he/she was completely wet (as opposed to sprinkling) while the name of Christ was mentioned in place of the mention of the members of the Trinity which was a doctrine Albigenses and Cathars did not profess (their Christology resembled modalistic monarchism in the West and adoptionism in the East). Laying on of hands were always part of the ceremony. Some historians have stated that incidences of estatic utterances during Consolamentum was actually glossolalia, or "speaking in tongues," which demanded that the rite be even more secretly guarded since this phenomenon occurring outside of the Church was considered witchcraft and was punishable by death.

    (不好意思...沒有中文翻譯...= =''')

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