Rita asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

That 引開子句

如何使用That 引開子句??

1. 什麼情形時後用?

2. 通常用在哪?

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    that可以引導名詞子句跟形容詞子句。

    當你發現that之後接著動詞的時候,這必定是形容詞子句,因為that本身當成主詞,所以是關係代名詞。

    ★I didn't know he is such a diligent student. (常見到的錯誤情形,就是省略"that")

    ㊣I didn't know "that" he is such a diligent student.

    (要加"that"在名詞子句前面)

    ★他能說很好的英文,這點對他很有幫助(一種直接了當的翻譯是He can speak good English helps him.這樣的句子也是不對的)

    ㊣"That" he can speak good English helps him.(必須把"that"加到名詞子句裡面)

    ★I propose we get married.(我建議我們結婚)

    ㊣I propose "that" we get married.

    ★Do you think she is a good actress?(你認為她是一個好演員嗎?)

    ㊣Do you think "that" she is a good actress?

    ★It is hard to imagine he does not have a high school diploma.(很難想像他沒有高中畢業文憑。)

    ㊣It is hard to imagine "that" he does not have a high school diploma.

    當你發現that之後有完整的主詞+動詞時,那that子句就是個名詞子句。

    ★住在那房子裡的人是我的哥哥。(直接了當翻譯成The person live in the house is my brother. 也是錯誤的)

    ㊣第一種修正方法是把"live in the house"改成"living in the house",使句子變成The person living in the house is my brother.

    ㊣第二種方法則是把片語"living in the house"改成子句,就變成The person who lives in the house is my brother.

    上面句子裡的"who lives in the house"是一個子句,因為它有主詞,也有動詞。用於形容"The person",所以是一個形容詞子句。

    形容詞子句永遠都是在形容一個名詞,所以在這個子句子中必需有一個代名詞,例如"who, when, where,whose,which,whom"等等。

    ★He is a person whom everyone is talking about these days.(他是大家最近在討論的人)

    ㊣He is a person about whom everyone is talking these days.這句話的子句最後一個字是介系詞,若把這句話分成兩個句子:

    ①He is a person.

    ②Everyone is talking about him these days.

    把上面兩句話合併就變成

    He is a person whom everyone is talking about these days.

    改成正式的英文就變成

    He is a person about whom everyone is talking these days.

    ★你所看到的女孩子是我的妹妹。

    ㊣The girl whom you met is my sister.

    ★我昨晚看的電影很無聊。

    ㊣The movie that I saw last night was very boring.

    Source(s): 自己+文法書
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