- ProvocateurLv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
★I didn't know he is such a diligent student. (常見到的錯誤情形，就是省略"that")
㊣I didn't know "that" he is such a diligent student.
★他能說很好的英文，這點對他很有幫助(一種直接了當的翻譯是He can speak good English helps him.這樣的句子也是不對的)
㊣"That" he can speak good English helps him.(必須把"that"加到名詞子句裡面)
★I propose we get married.(我建議我們結婚)
㊣I propose "that" we get married.
★Do you think she is a good actress?(你認為她是一個好演員嗎?)
㊣Do you think "that" she is a good actress?
★It is hard to imagine he does not have a high school diploma.(很難想像他沒有高中畢業文憑。)
㊣It is hard to imagine "that" he does not have a high school diploma.
★住在那房子裡的人是我的哥哥。(直接了當翻譯成The person live in the house is my brother. 也是錯誤的)
㊣第一種修正方法是把"live in the house"改成"living in the house"，使句子變成The person living in the house is my brother.
㊣第二種方法則是把片語"living in the house"改成子句，就變成The person who lives in the house is my brother.
上面句子裡的"who lives in the house"是一個子句，因為它有主詞，也有動詞。用於形容"The person"，所以是一個形容詞子句。
形容詞子句永遠都是在形容一個名詞，所以在這個子句子中必需有一個代名詞，例如"who, when, where,whose,which,whom"等等。
★He is a person whom everyone is talking about these days.(他是大家最近在討論的人)
㊣He is a person about whom everyone is talking these days.這句話的子句最後一個字是介系詞，若把這句話分成兩個句子：
①He is a person.
②Everyone is talking about him these days.
He is a person whom everyone is talking about these days.
He is a person about whom everyone is talking these days.
㊣The girl whom you met is my sister.
㊣The movie that I saw last night was very boring.Source(s): 自己+文法書