separate but equal?
What is meant by the term "separate but equal"
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Separate but equal is a set phrase denoting the system of segregation that justifies giving different groups of people separate facilities or services with the declaration that the quality of each group's public facilities remain equal.
The phrase has also recently been used in debate over same-sex partnerships.
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson
On June 7, 1892, Plessy boarded a car of the East Louisiana Railroad that was designated by whites for use by white patrons only. Although Plessy was one-eighth black and seven-eighths white, under Louisiana state law he was classified as an African-American, and thus required to sit in the "colored" car. When Plessy refused to leave the white car and move to the colored car, he was arrested and jailed. In his case, Homer Adolph Plessy v. The State of Louisiana, Plessy argued that the East Louisiana Railroad had denied him his constitutional rights under the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments. However, the judge presiding over his case, John Howard Ferguson, ruled that Louisiana had the right to regulate railroad companies as long as they operated within state boundaries. Plessy sought a writ of prohibition.
Plessy took it to the Supreme Court of Louisiana where he again found an unreceptive ear, as the state Supreme Court upheld Judge Ferguson's ruling. Undaunted, Plessy appealed to the United States Supreme Court in 1896. Two legal briefs were submitted on Plessy's behalf. One was signed by Albion W. Tourgée and James C. Walker and the other by Samuel F. Phillips and his legal partner F.D. McKenney. Oral arguments were held before the Supreme Court on April 13, 1896. Only Tourgée and Phillips appeared in the courtroom to speak for the plaintiff (Plessy himself was not present). It would become one of the most famous decisions in American history.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court, which overturned earlier rulings going back to Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, by declaring that state laws which established separate public schools for black and white students denied black children equal educational opportunities. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9-0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. This victory paved the way for integration and the Civil Rights Movement.Source(s): Compliments of Wikipedia.org
- classmateLv 71 decade ago
For many years, racial segregation was legal in the United States under the "separate but equal" doctrine upheld by the Supreme Court in the notorious 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson. In many places, white Americans and black Americans were not allowed to ride in the same railway cars, drink from the same water fountains, attend the same schools, etc. The theory was that as long as equal facilities were provided for both groups, it was not unconstitutional to keep the groups apart. In reality, the facilities provided for black Americans were often far from equal to those provided for their white fellow citizens. In the 1950s, the Supreme Court finally rejected the "separate but equal" doctrine, ruling that racially segregated facilities were inherently unequal and thus impermissible under the Constitution's promise of "equal protection" for all citizens.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
it means that a while ago it was legal for a separate service for blacks and whites. Therefore they get the same things but those things are separated. "separate but equal"