why did WWWI start and how was the united sates involved?

history essay

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    There are several long term causes to the start of WWI that include the following:

    Imperialism was spreading in Europe, which meant all the European countries, such as Germany and Great Britain, wanted to dominate and even conquer others.

    This lead to Militaryism, where many european citizens put much effort into supporting their armies.

    In both Europe and the U.S, Nationalism spread. Countries became overly confident in themselves, causing corruption and Rivalry.

    One big thing was Balance of Powers in Europe. The Triple Alliance (Germany, Italy, and Great Britain) was formed as well as the Triple Entente (France, Russia, later joined by Italy after they left the Triple Alliance.)

    The U.S tried to police affairs in Europe, and President Woodrow Wilson was constantly trying to make peace. This only made Europe frustrated, since it really wasn't his business.

    There were also many short term causes. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Serbia by Gabrillo Princip, which INFURIATED much of Europe.

    The war started in 1914, and Germany Developed the U-Boat (like a submarine.) And attacked a british ship which was carrying 128 Americans, and then a french ship called the Sussex. After this, Wilson filed the Sussex Pledge, which proposed that Germany would stop attacking ships using U-Boats without warning. Germany broke this pledge, and sank 3 U.S ships.

    So in 1917, Wilson declared war on Germany and became involved in WWI

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    As the war in Europe raged on America sympathies were clearly on the side of the allies. American propaganda posters urged citizens to buy war bonds and support the allies. The Kaiser and Germans were painted as the aggressors in the war. True or not Americans came to see Germany as vicious and blood thirsty. The poster below was used by the US Army in 1917 to recruit soldiers. Notice how the Germans are pictured? This is a clear example of anti German propaganda.

    When the war began England enforced a naval blockade of Germany in the hopes of cutting off supplies. Germany responded by unleashing the U Boats. U Boats were submarines capable of staying submerged for long periods of time. They would sneak up upon their victims, often at night, an torpedo them. The Germans did not limit their attacks to military vessels. Any ship sailing in the war zone was considered an enemy. This became known as unrestricted submarine warfare. On May 7th 1915 the British cruise ship Lusitania was sunk off the coast of England. Over 1,198 passengers including 128 Americans were killed. America was furious at the brutality and demanded a stop to this type of attack. In 1916, after the sinking of the passenger liner Sussex, Germany agreed to end unrestricted submarine warfare in the "Sussex pledge."

    The Sussex pledge only put off the inevitable American entry into the war. America shared a cultural bond with England and France. Woodrow Wilson began to actively campaign for Americans to support the allies. Besides being culturally similar England and France were our trade partners. From 1914 to 1916 trade with the Allies grew from 825 million dollars to 3.2 billion dollars. If the Allies were to lose the war our trade would be threatened. American increasingly saw Germany as the enemy. Germany was a dictatorship fighting against the great democracies of the world and America as a democratic nation felt an obligation to support them.

    As America became increasingly less neutral, the British government intercepted a message from the German ambassador Zimmerman to the Mexican government. This message termed the "Zimmerman Note" asked Mexico to attack the United States if war broke out between the U.S. and Germany.

    The note was turned over to American government a short time later and eventually published in the newspapers. Americans were outraged.

    Then the Kaiser announced that Germany was going to re initiate the practice of unrestricted submarine warfare violating the Sussex Pledge. Wilson had campaigned for office promising to protect freedom of the seas and now it seemed he had little choice. He had to ask Congress to declare war. Many Americans still wanted to stay out of "Europe's war" and there was much debate in Congress. Wilson closed his speech to Congress by saying "it is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war... But the right is more precious then peace and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried in our hearts."

    On April 6, 1917, by a vote of 82 to 6 in the Senate and 373 to 50 in the House of Representatives, the United States of America declared war on Germany.

    Wilson strongly believed that the American system would save the world, meaning:

    1. American economic goods

    2. America's democratic political structure

    3. America's blend of morality and Christianity

  • 1 decade ago

    A quick summary in the link below including a small piece on the US at the end. Cheers

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    don't listen to anyone who says it started with an assassination...

    The assassination of the arch duke franz ferdinand was just a spark, there were problems before between the different countries... It was like a dominoe effect, and countries formed alliances, when your allie went to war, so did you.

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  • 1 decade ago

    wwwI?...i think that didnt start yet if you ask me...but i guess if you say it did ok.......WWW......isnt that the world wide web??....so WWWI is like a subbranch or something.....silly gooose

  • 1 decade ago

    What exactly WWWI

  • 1 decade ago

    it started because austria-hungary declared war on serbia. idk about the US.

    Source(s): i have a final on this tomorrow. haha
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