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kelman
Lv 7
kelman asked in 社會及文化語言 · 1 decade ago

係咪印毆語黎牙?

係咪印毆語黎牙?

Update:

King. O.E. cyning, from P.Gmc. *kuninggaz. Possibly related to O.E. cynn (kin), 〈family, race, kind, nature,〉from P.Gmc. *kunjan, ultimately from PIE *gen- 〈to produce〉. 乾。

reference: www.etymonline.com

Update 2:

Queen. O.E. cwen 〈queen, female ruler of a state, woman, wife,〉from P.Gmc. *kwoeniz, ablaut variant of *kwenon (source of quean), from PIE *gwen- 〈woman, wife〉supposedly originally 〈honored woman〉. 坤。

Update 3:

Like. Shortened form of O.E. gelic 〈like, similar,〉from P.Gmc. *galikaz 〈having the same form,〉a compound of *ga- 〈with, together〉+ *likan 〈body〉. 離/麗/伉儷。

Update 4:

Harmony. from L. harmonia, from Gk. harmonia〈agreement, concord of sounds,〉related to harmos 〈joint, shoulder,〉from PIE *ar-ti-, from *ar-〈to fit together.〉 咸。

Update 5:

Last. from O.E. læste, from last 〈track, footprint, trace,〉from P.Gmc. *laistaz. 履。

Update 6:

Entwine. 〈wind or twist together; interweave,〉en- 〈make, put in〉; twine, O.E. twin〈double thread,〉from P.Gmc. *twizna- . 繾綣。

Update 7:

Mare. Old English mearh horse, mere mare, from a Germanic base with cognates in Celtic languages meaning stallion. The sense male horse died out at the end of the Middle English period. (NODE) 馬。

Update 8:

Sow. O.E. sugu, su 〈female of the swine,〉 from P.Gmc. *sugo, from PIE base *su-. 豬。

Update 9:

Hound. O.E. hund〈dog,〉from P.Gmc. *khundas (cf. Ger. Hund, O.N. hundr, Goth. hunds), from PIE *kuntos, dental enlargement of base *kwon- 〈dog.〉犬。

Update 10:

Car.〈wheeled vehicle,〉from Norm.-Fr. carre, from L. carrum, carrus (pl. carra), orig. 〈two-wheeled Celtic war chariot,〉from PIE *krsos, from base *kers- 〈to run.〉車。

Update 11:

Pencil. from O.Fr. pincel, from L. penicillus, literally〈little tail,〉diminutive of peniculus, itself a diminutive of penis 〈tail.〉 賓 周。

Update 12:

Head. O.E. heafod〈top of the body,〉also〈chief person, leader, ruler,〉from P.Gmc. *khaubuthan, from PIE *kauput-〈head.〉 頭/首。

Update 13:

Yard. O.E. geard 〈enclosure, garden, court, house, yard,〉from P.Gmc. *garda, from PIE *gharto-, from base *gher-〈to grasp, enclose.〉 家。

Update 14:

Fire. O.E. fyr, from P.Gmc. *fuir (cf. O.Fris. fiur, O.N. fürr, M.Du. vuur, Ger. Feuer), from PIE *perjos, from root *paewr-. 火。

Update 15:

Urine. from O.Fr. urine (12c.), from L. urina〈urine,〉from PIE *ur- (cf. Gk. ouron〈urine〉), variant of base *awer-〈to moisten, flow〉(cf. Skt. var〈water,〉 Avestan var〈rain,〉Lith. jures 〈sea,〉 O.E. wær, O.N. ver〈sea,〉O.N. ur〈drizzling rain.〉 雨。

Update 16:

Frau. 〈married woman,〉from Ger. Frau 〈woman, wife,〉from M.H.G. vrouwe〈lady, mistress,〉from O.H.G. frouwa〈mistress,〉said to be from PIE *prowo-. 婦。

2 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Did you mean indo-european language family? If so, these might be of some help:

    印歐語系是世界上分布最廣泛的語系之一。歐洲、亞洲、非洲、美洲、和大洋洲的大部分國家都采用印歐語系的語言作爲母語或官方語言。印歐語系包括約443種(SIL統計)語言和方言,使用人數大約有30億。

    歷史

    針對亞歐各種不同的語言,18世紀威廉·瓊斯爵士首先提岀“原始印歐語”的存在。他發現當時歐洲人已知最古老的語言其中四種拉丁語、希臘語、梵語和波斯語之間有相似之處。後來19世紀初德國的弗朗茲·葆樸對此理論進行暸系統的論證。19世紀時,學者通常將這系語言稱為“印度-日耳曼語系”,有時候也叫“雅利安語系”。但後來人們逐漸發現歐洲大多數語言與此都有關聯,名稱也轉變為印歐語。一個明顯的例子是:梵語和立陶宛語及拉脫維亞語的古口語方言之間有很強的相似性。

    這些語言共同的假想祖先稱作原始印歐語。關於這個語言的起始地(Urheimat),今日的學者同意兩種説法:一是黑海和裏海北方的乾草原(見庫爾幹),二是安那托利亞。支持庫爾幹假説的將這種語言的時間推算在公元前約4000年左右;支持安納托利亞假説的將時間要再往前推好幾千年(見印度-赫梯語)。

    語言特點

    印歐語系各語言原來都是屈折語,原始的印歐語的名詞有3個性,3個數和8個格的變化(例如俄語這個特點保存得比較完好);廣泛利用詞綴和詞幹元音音變來表達語法意義;名詞和大部分形容詞有格、性和數的變化;動詞有時態、語態和語體的變化,主語和動詞在變化中互相呼應。另外,印歐語系各語言的詞都有重音。

    但是許多語言,例如英語形態已經簡化,轉嚮分析語。

    …………

    http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8D%B0%E6%AC%A7%E8...

    In 1786, Sir William Jones suggested that similarities among languages such as Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Gothic, and others were so striking as to suggest that they had sprung from a common, no longer existing source (see Lehmann's Reader, chapter 1) now called Proto-Indo-European. By the 19th century, August Schleicher's Family Tree had been proposed to model the relationships among the Indo-European languages as the branches of a tree (see Lehmann's Reader, chapter 8). Subsequently, two new branches were discovered, Anatolian and Tocharian.

    ......

    http://59.151.21.101/search?q=cache:3Ta1BmOQt-4J:w...

    other resources that you might be interested:

    http://www.google.cn/search?sourceid=navclient&aq=...

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  • kelman
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Quiet Maid. Quiet, from O.Fr. quiete, from L. quies (gen. quietis) "rest, quiet," from PIE base *qwi- "rest". Maid, O.E. mæden, mægden, dim. of mægð, mægeð "maid," from P.Gmc. *magadinom "young womanhood, sexually inexperienced female". 歸妹。

    2008-05-26 18:46:47 補充:

    Nigh. "near," O.E. neah (W.Saxon), neh (Anglian), common Gmc. (cf. O.Fris. nei, M.Du. na, O.H.G. nah, Ger. nah, Goth. nehwa). 來。

    2008-05-26 19:51:22 補充:

    Graph. from L. graphicus "picturesque," from Gk. graphikos "of or for writing, belonging to drawing, picturesque," from graphe "writing, drawing," from graphein "write," originally "to scratch" on clay tablets with a stylus. 卦。

    2008-06-16 18:03:08 補充:

    Shit. O.E. scitan, from P.Gmc. *skit-, from PIE *skheid- "split, divide, separate." 茄。

    2008-08-03 18:30:55 補充:

    shackle. O.E. sceacel, from P.Gmc. *skakula- (cf. M.Du., Du. schakel "link of a chain," O.N. skökull "pole of a carriage"). 桎梏。

    2009-10-11 20:06:36 補充:

    Fart. O.E. feortan, ult. from PIE *perd- (cf. O.H.G. ferzan, O.N. freta, Skt. pard, Gk. perdein, Lith. perdzu, Rus. perdet). 屁。

    2009-10-11 20:08:04 補充:

    Crescent phase. from Anglo-Fr. cressaunt, from O.Fr. creissant, from L. crescentum (nom. crescens), pp. of crescere "come forth, spring up, grow, thrive," from PIE base *ker- "to grow". 哉生魄。

    2009-11-20 12:23:27 補充:

    Wrong. late O.E., "twisted, crooked, wry," from O.N. rangr, earlier *wrangr "crooked, wry, wrong," from P.Gmc. *wrangaz, from PIE *wrengh- "to turn". 枉。

    2010-01-18 16:42:57 補充:

    Gyrovert. Cyclic changes. 周易。

    2010-01-18 16:48:02 補充:

    (Golden) Greeks. Testudo graeca. 龜。

    2011-06-08 14:56:53 補充:

    Hide. O.E. hydan "to hide, conceal; from W.Gmc. *hudjan, from PIE *keudh-, from base *(s)keu- "to cover, conceal", which is also thought to be the base of cunt. (門西)。

    2011-09-26 17:52:31 補充:

    Goose, large waterfowl. O.E. gos, from P.Gmc. *gans- (cf. O.Fris. gos, O.N. gas, Ger. Gans "goose"), from PIE *ghans- . 雁(鵝)。

    2011-09-26 18:07:11 補充:

    Pan. Old English panne, from West Germanic *panna, probably from Vulgar Latin *patna, from Latin patina, shallow pan, platter, from Greek patanē. 盤。

    2014-09-17 15:45:22 補充:

    Arm. "upper limb," Old English earm "arm," from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from PIE root *ar- "fit, join". 啱。

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