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waht were the major develpoments in the civil rigths movement from the civil war to the passage of the civil rights act (1964) and the voting rights act (1965)

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  • 1 decade ago
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    1865

    The Civil War ends.

    The 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery, is ratified.

    1868

    The 14th Amendment, which requires equal protection under the law to all persons, is ratified.

    1870

    The 15th Amendment, which bans racial discrimination in voting, is ratified.

    1896

    The Supreme Court approves the "separate but equal" segregation doctrine.

    1909

    The National ***** Committee convenes. This leads to the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

    1925

    In its first national demonstration the Ku Klux Klan marches on Washington, D.C.

    1948

    President Truman issues an executive order outlawing segregation in the U.S. military.

    1954

    The Supreme Court declares school segregation unconstitutional in its ruling on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.

    1955

    Rosa Parks is jailed for refusing to move to the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus. A boycott follows, and the bus segregation ordinance is declared unconstitutional.

    The Federal Interstate Commerce Commission bans segregation on interstate trains and buses.

    1957

    Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus uses the National Guard to block nine black students from attending Little Rock High School. Following a court order, President Eisenhower sends in federal troops to allow the black students to enter the school.

    1960

    Four black college students begin sit-ins at the lunch counter of a Greensboro, North Carolina, restaurant where black patrons are not served.

    1961

    Freedom Rides begin from Washington, D.C., into Southern states. Student volunteers are bused in to test new laws prohibiting segregation.

    1962

    President Kennedy sends federal troops to the University of Mississippi to end riots so that James Meredith, the school's first black student, can attend.

    The Supreme Court rules that segregation is unconstitutional in all transportation facilities.

    The Department of Defense orders complete integration of military reserve units, excluding the National Guard.

    1963

    Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is killed by a sniper's bullet.

    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech to hundreds of thousands at the March on Washington, D.C.

    A church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, leaves four young black girls dead.

    1964

    Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, declaring discrimination based on race illegal.

    The 24th Amendment abolishes the poll tax, which originally had been established in the South after Reconstruction to make it difficult for poor blacks to vote.

    Three civil rights workers, two white and one black man, disappear in Mississippi. They were found buried six weeks later.

    1965

    A march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, is organized to demand protection for voting rights.

    Malcolm X is assassinated. Malcolm X, a longtime minister of the Nation of Islam, had rejected Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s policies of non-violence. He preached black pride and economic self-reliance for blacks. He eventually became a Muslim and broke with Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad.

    A new Voting Rights Act, which made it illegal to force would-be voters to pass literacy tests in order to vote, is signed.

    1967

    Thurgood Marshall becomes the first black to be named to the Supreme Court.

    1968

    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. James Earl Ray pleaded guilty of the crime in March 1969 and was sentenced to 99 years in prison.

    President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.

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  • 1 decade ago

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  • 1 decade ago

    Wikipedia.com

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  • 1 decade ago

    Read a book. Do your own homework.

    • Jason5 years agoReport

      hehe b***

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  • 1 decade ago

    Look it up on the internet.

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