The Abbasids looked for ways to strengthen their control and to unify their empire. They stationed army units at military posts to defend the empire quickly. They persuaded many people to accept the Abbasids’ rule. They said that all Muslims were equal, Arab or not, and Christians and Jews were encouraged to serve in the government. The most talented people would help run the empire.
In 762, they moved their capital city from Damascus to Baghdad. It was located on the Tiber River, and it was closer to their power base. An Abbasid caliph called Baghdad “A marketplace for the world.” Baghdad grew vary famous around the world. People from China, India, Northern Europe, and Africa all came to trade at Baghdad. Baghdad prospered and grew a lot. Around forty years later, the population grew to more than 900,000 people in Baghdad. Farmers used their irrigated lands to grow staples like rice, sugar cane, and cotton. People made clothes and shoes for people to wear, and merchants paid a lot of money just to get clothes and shoes. In a few years, the caliphs were very irresponsible for many unfortunate things that happened to many merchants. They were very fond of easy living. They didn’t do much to protect the merchants from bandits. It hurt trade, and they began to lost money. For that, the Abbasid caliphs raised taxes. The Turks and Mongols came around and took over the empire. The Turks invaded cities and destroyed many places, but they still let the caliph live. The Mongols came and they left the Abbasid empire to ruins. They killed the caliph, and the Abbasid dynasty died along with the caliph.
History Project in Seventh Grade