thomas asked in 社會及文化語言 · 1 decade ago

by and from 的分別

不太清晰它們的分別 和 使用時機~

請幫忙解釋

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    BY

    prep.

    1. 被,由

    The homework was assigned by the teacher.

    這些家庭作業是老師佈置的。

    2. 靠,用,通過

    They crossed the river by ferry.

    他們乘渡船過了河。

    3. 經由;沿

    Ellen flew to Chicago by way of Minneapolis.

    艾倫經由明尼阿波利斯飛往芝加哥。

    4. 在...旁邊,靠近;在...手邊

    I haven't got any money by me.

    我身邊沒有帶錢。

    5. 不遲於;在...之前

    We had to get there by evening.

    我們必須在夜晚前抵達那裡。

    6. 根據,按照

    How do you know he didn't act by the rules?

    你怎麼知道他沒有按規定行事的?

    7. (表程度)相差

    He missed the bus by three minutes.

    他晚了三分鐘沒趕上那班公車。

    8. 憑,對...(發誓)

    I swear by God!

    我對上帝發誓!

    9. (乘除法上)以...,用...(乘或除)

    Nine divided by three makes three.

    九除以三得三。

    10. 以...計,按

    You'll be paid by the hour.

    你的工資將按時計酬。

    11. 在...的時候

    He had to sleep by day and work by night.

    他只好白天睡覺,晚上工作。

    12. 就...來說,關於

    Philip is a doctor by profession.

    菲力浦的職業是醫生。

    13. (表連續或反復)逐個;逐批

    The teacher explained the text sentence by sentence.

    教師逐句講解了這篇課文。

    14. 由於

    She took my umbrella by mistake.

    她誤拿了我的傘。

    ad.

    1. 經過;過去

    A truck went by.

    一輛卡車開過。

    2. 在旁邊

    When I filled out the form she was standing by all the time.

    我填寫表格時,她一直站在我身旁。

    3. (放)在一邊

    They put money by for later use.

    他們儲存錢以備將來使用。

    4. 【美】【口】到(或進入)某人的家

    Please come by and have dinner with us.

    請到我家來一起吃晚飯。

    FROM

    prep.

    1. 從...起,始於

    She is singing from morning to night.

    她從早唱到晚。

    2. 從;由

    He rose from office boy to managing director in fifteen years.

    他十五年裡從工友升到總經理。

    3. 離(開)

    Our school is two miles from the station.

    我們學校離車站兩英里。

    4. 從...來;出自

    He comes from Shanghai.

    他來自上海。

    5. (表示去除,免掉,阻止,剝奪等)

    The pill will relieve you from pain.

    這藥丸將使你免受痛苦。

    6. (表示區別,比較)

    He is old enough to know right from wrong.

    他已長大,能夠辨別是非了。

    7. (表示原料)由

    Flour is made from wheat.

    麵粉由小麥製成。

    8. 因為,由於;出於

    He wasn't ill; he stayed in bed from laziness.

    他沒病,躺在床上是因懶惰之故。

    He is trembling from fear.

    他嚇得發抖。

    Source(s): dr. eye
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