growing a hazelnut bush?

I plan on growing a hazelnut bush once the weather gets warmer and I have a few questions

How big do they get?

Should you plant more than one for cross breeding?

If you have one, can you give me any other tips?

Thank you


Buffalo, NY area

Update 2:

Billy Ray- yeah, I live on a big hunk of clay so I will try that

Nips- will do

6 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Corylus-common hazel usually grows from 6' to 10' depending on the cultivar. However, there is is a turkish hazel nut also called cobnut which grows to 30'. I do not show that they need a cross-pollinator.

  • trout
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    Hazelnut Bushes

  • You don't say where you live, but filberts (hazelnuts) need a few important growing scenarios to do well. Firstly, they like a well drained loamy soil which is a little on the acidic side (slightly acidic to neutral is fine). Their roots are rather shallow and they take up most of their moisture and nutrients in the top 3-4 feet. Filberts are bushes naturally, but are trained as single trunked trees by filbert farmers, so as to make it easier for the harvesting machines to do their job in the orchards. You can purchase filbert bushes at nurseries or online and just let them grow in the bush form. The American filbert (corylus americana) will grow to 8-12 ft tall with a crown spread of about 10 feet. And please note... That in order to produce a crop, "all" filberts require a second planting of a "different" variety for "cross pollination". Filberts are quite hardy down to about -20 degrees and can be grown in zones 4-9. There are many varieties, so take your pick and have fun. This nut is very expensive if you were to buy it in a store, but is pretty darn cheap to grow yourself. Your time and effort will be greatly rewarded with a very tasty treat year after year. Hope this answers your question.. Sorry, no links here. Just going on my own knowledge and experience...Good Luck!

    Added Info: Ah, Buffalo. Iam assuming that with the amount of moisture (rain & snow) you get that you have an acidic soil, which is good for the filbert. You shouldn't have any problems unless it is a really bad clay soil. If it is, you can always amend it with organic compost and better yet, peat moss which will help with acidity...... Go! Sabres!

    ...$Billy Ray$...aka "Cupid"

    Source(s): 24yrs...landscape field 2yrs...tree & shrub technician 2yrs...turf specialist 2yrs...greenskeeper (championship golf course) DPR licensed applicator (current) Had a small filbert orchard myself.
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Here's some sites that have them:

    Corylus americana, American Hazelnut, American Filbert, is a thicket forming spreading shrub growing on average to 12 feet tall. Plant seeds of American Hazelnut outside in fall/winter or give cold pretreatment. Seeds may germinate faster after making a small hole in the hard outer shell.

    The American filbert (hazelnut) is cold hardy in zone 4. New filbert nut trees grow in clumps unless pruned, bearing filbert nuts in 2 years.

    Though the female flower is very hardy, a cold snap during bloom can affect nut set. The catkins or male bloom are also susceptible to damage caused by freezing temperatures. Since blooming is extended over several weeks, crop failures are usually avoided. It is important as a result to have a number of different pollinators in an orchard to effectively pollinate the orchard and to overcome the periodic cold spells that usually occur in March. Pollinators can be seedlings or several grafted or layered cultivars. Hazelnuts are self infertile, so at least two different cultivars or seedling plants are needed to produce nuts.

    Hazelnuts require a very well-drained soil and orchards should not be located where the soil is shallow, too heavy or too light. Most of a hazelnut tree roots are found in the first meter of soil, but soils must be sufficiently deep to allow active root systems to penetrate 2 - 3 meters. Hazelnut trees draw moisture from the upper soil layer. The greatest benefit of irrigation when establishing an orchard is to obtain large trees more rapidly. Soil for the hazelnuts should be in the slightly acidic to neutral range. A soil test is a definite requirement before planting.

  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • 1 decade ago

    Hazelnuts are also known as filberts, and you do need 2 different varieties for cross-pollination. There are a number of different varieties and they have different characteristics, including their size. But you can control the size by pruning. In some places, hazelnuts have been used as hedgerows - kind of a living fence, with the added benefit of bearing edible nuts.

    This is from Raintree Nursery: "Trees planted at 4 foot intervals should be allowed to sucker freely, which they will vigorously do, and an effective barrier 10 to 15 feet tall will be formed in several years. Filbert hedgerows have formed fence-like boundaries around fields in northern Europe for hundreds of years; giving shade, browse and forage for stock, shelter for a diversity of wildlife and protection from cold winds. The homeowner will also benefit from the privacy which a dense hedgerow affords throughout the growing season and the attractive winter bloom of male flowers."

  • NIPS®
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Yo, JAY K, 'ole Nips owns a Lawn/Landscape Company. Email me, I can get you any info you need!

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.