snowman asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

name for me the presidents and prime ministers who were murdered around the world?

The presidents and prime ministers of countries who were assassinated like Sadat of Egypt.

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    Algeria

    * Hiempsal, (117 BC), co-ruler of Numidia

    * François Darlan, (1942), senior figure of Vichy France

    * Maurice Audin, (1957), communist mathematician

    * Mohamed Khemisti, (1963), Algerian foreign minister

    * Mustafa Bouyali, (1987), Islamic fundamentalist

    * Mohamed Boudiaf, (1992), President of Algeria

    * Youcef Sebti, (1993), poet

    * Kasdi Merbah, (1993), former Prime Minister of Algeria

    * Abdelkader Alloula, (1994), playwright

    * Cheb Hasni, (1994), singer

    * Lounès Matoub, (1998), singer

    * Abdelkader Hachani, (1999), Islamic fundamentalist

    Angola

    * Jonas Savimbi, 2002, Angolan political and rebel leader

    Burkina Faso

    * Thomas Sankara, (1987), Head of State of Burkina Faso

    * Clément Oumarou Ouédraogo, (1991), opposition leader

    * Norbert Zongo, (1998), journalist

    Burundi

    * Louis Rwagasore, (1961), Prime Minister of Burundi

    * Jean Nduwabike, (1962), trade union leader

    * Gabriel Gihimbare, (1964), first Roman Catholic bishop of Hutu descent

    * Pierre Ngendandumwe, (1965), Prime Minister of Burundi

    * Joseph Bamina, (1965), Prime Minister of Burundi

    * Paul Mirerekano, (1965), leading Burundian politician

    * Gervais Nyangoma, (1965), politician

    * Martin Ndayahoze, (1972), leading army commander and information minister

    * Ntare V, (1975), dethroned King of Burundi (disputed circumstances)

    * Melchior Ndadaye, (1993), President of Burundi, Founder of The Burundi Workers' Party

    * Gilles Bimazubute, (1993),

    * Kassi Manlan, (2001), World Health Organisation representative

    Cameroon

    * Ruben Um Nyobé, (1958), leader of the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (UPC)

    Chad

    * François Tombalbaye, (1975), President of Chad

    Comoros

    * Ali Soilih, (1978), former President of Comoros

    * Ahmed Abdallah, (1989), President of Comoros

    Congo (Brazzaville)

    * Marien Ngouabi, (1977), President of the Congo

    * Émile Biayenda, (1977), Archbishop of Brazzaville

    * Pierre Anga, (1988), rebel leader

    Congo (Kinshasa)

    * Kabongo Boniface Kalowa, (1960),

    * Patrice Lumumba, (1961), former Prime Minister of the Congo

    * Maurice Mpolo, (1961), Lumumba associate

    * Joseph Okito, (1961), Lumumba associate

    * Ferdinand Kabange Numbi, (1964),

    * André Lubaya, (1968),

    * Laurent Kabila, (2001), President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Ivory Coast

    * Robert Guéi, (2002), former President of Côte d'Ivoire

    * Émile Boga Doudou, (2002), Interior minister

    * Muhammad Ahmad alRashid, (2003), Saudi ambassador

    Egypt

    * Pompey the Great, (48 BC), Roman politician killed in Egypt

    * Germanicus, (19), Roman military leader, poisoned in Alexandria by Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso under orders from Tiberius

    * Al-Afdal Shahanshah, (1121), vizier of Fatimid Egypt

    * Al-Amir, (1130), Fatimid Caliph

    * Qutuz, (1260), Mamluk sultan of Egypt

    * Khalil, (1293), Mamluk sultan of Egypt

    * Jean Baptiste Kléber, (1800), French general, in Cairo

    * Boutros Ghali, (1910), Prime Minister of Egypt, by Ibrahim El-Wardan

    * Sir Lee Stack, (1924), Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, in Cairo

    * Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne, (1944), the UK's Minister Resident in the Middle East; killed in Cairo by the Stern Gang

    * Ahmed Maher Pasha, (1945), Prime Minister of Egypt, in Cairo by Mahmud Issawy

    * Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, (1948), Prime Minister of Egypt, by a member of the Muslim Brotherhood

    * Hassan al-Banna, (1949), founder of the Muslim Brotherhood

    * Anwar Sadat, (1981), President of Egypt

    * Rifaat al-Mahgoub, (1990), speaker of Egyptian parliament

    * Farag Foda, (1992), Egyptian politician and intellectual

    Equatorial Guinea

    * Atanasio Ndongo Miyone, Saturnino Ibongo, Bonifacio Ondó Edu, Armando Balboa, Pastor Torao and many others, (1969), Equatorial Guinean politicians, in murderous crackdown after coup attempt against President Francisco Macías Nguema

    Ethiopia

    * Tilahun Gizaw, (1969), Ethiopian student leader

    The Gambia

    * Deyda Hydara, (2004), journalist

    Guinea

    * Amílcar Cabral, (1973), Pan-African intellectual, in Conakry, Guinea

    Kenya

    * Pio Gama Pinto, (1965), socialist politician

    * Tom Mboya, (1969), Kenyan politician

    * Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, (1975), Kenyan politician

    * Robert Ouko, (1990), foreign minister of Kenya

    * Karimi Nduthu, (1996), opposition activist

    Lesotho

    * Selometsi Baholo, Deputy Prime Minister

    * Makhele

    * Motuba

    * Seheri

    * Selala Sekhonyana

    * Sixishe

    Liberia

    * William R. Tolbert, Jr., (1980), president of Liberia killed in military coup

    * Samuel Doe, (1990), president of Liberia

    Madagascar

    * Radama II of Madagascar, (1863), king of Madagascar

    * Richard Ratsimandrava, (1975), president of Madagascar killed just days after taking power in military coup

    Mozambique

    * Eduardo Mondlane, (1969), leader of the independence FRELIMO movement, allegedly killed by the Portuguese branch of Gladio

    * Carlos Cardoso, (2000), Mozambican journalist

    Niger

    * Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, (1999), President of Niger

    Nigeria

    * Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, (1966), Prime Minister of Nigeria killed during military coup

    * Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello, (1966)

    * Adekunle Fajuyi, (1966)

    * Samuel Akintola, (1966)

    * Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, (1966), military head of state

    * Murtala Ramat Mohammed, (1976), President of Nigeria

    * Dele Giwa, (1986), journalist

    * Ken Saro-Wiwa, (1995), activist

    * Bola Ige, (2001), justice minister of Nigeria

    Rhodesia

    * Mlimo, (1896), Ndebele spiritual leader and instigator of the Second Matabele War; assassinated by Frederick Russell Burnham, an American scout.

    Rwanda

    * Dian Fossey, (1985), primatologist, in the province of Ruhengeri; assassination probably planned by Protais Zigiranyirazo

    * Agathe Uwilingiyimana, (1994), Prime Minister of Rwanda killed one day after genocide began

    * Juvénal Habyarimana, (1994), His plane was shot out of the sky as it approached Kigali airport, and signalled the start of the Rwandan Genocide

    Somalia

    * Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, (1969), president of Somalia

    * George Adamson, (1989), British naturalist, at Kora

    South Africa

    * Shaka, (1828), king of the Zulus, near Stanger (now KwaDukuza) by Dingane and Mhlangana

    * Mhlangana, (1828), Zulu prince murdered by Dingane. Shaka, Mhlangana, Dingane, Mpande and others were half-brothers, sons of a Zulu chief Senzangakhona with different his different wives.

    * Hendrik Verwoerd, (1966), Prime Minister of South Africa, stabbed in parliament by Dimitri Tsafendas

    * Onkgopotse Tiro, (1974), South African student leader

    * Ruth First, (1982), anti-apartheid scholar and wife of Communist party leader Joe Slovo, by pro-apartheid "Koevoet" leader Craig Williamson

    * Vernon Nkadimeng, (1985), South African dissident

    * Dulcie September, (1988), head of the African National Congress in Paris, by South African Defense Force sergeant Joseph Klue

    * Chris Hani, (1993), leader of the South African Communist Party shot by Janusz Walus

    * Johan Heyns, (1995), prominent leader in the Dutch Reformed Church

    * Brett Kebble, (2005), controversial mining magnate

    Sudan

    * Cleo Noel Jr and George Curtis Moore, (1973), US Chief of Mission/Deputy Chief ot Mission (see Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)

    * Guy Eid, (1973), Belgian Chargé d'affaires (see Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)

    Tanzania

    * Abeid Amani Karume, (1972), first President of Zanzibar, First Vice President of Tanzania

    Togo

    * Sylvanus Olympio, (1963), first president of independent Togo, in a coup led by dictator Gnassingbé Eyadéma

    * Tavio Amorin, (1992), socialist leader (shot in Lomé, died in Paris)

    Tunisia

    * Khalil Wazir ("Abu Jihad"), (1988), military leader of the PLO, in Tunis

    * Salah Khalaf ("Abu Iyad"), (1991), deputy leader of the PLO killed by Abu Nidal terrorists in Tunis, Tunisia

    Uganda

    * Benedicto Kiwanuka, (1972), Chief Justice of Uganda

    * Janani Luwum, (1977), Archbishop of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Boga-Zaire from 1974 until 1977

    Zambia

    * Herbert Chitepo, (1975), Zimbabwean nationalist leader

    Zimbabwe

    * Attati Mpakati, (1983), left-wing Malawian politician

    Assassinations in the Americas

    Antigua and Barbuda

    * Daniel Parke, (1710), British governor of the Leeward Islands

    Argentina

    * Justo José de Urquiza, (1870), former president of Argentina

    * Pedro Aramburu, (1970), former president of Argentina executed by the Montoneros

    * Carlos Prats, (1974), Chilean general

    * Zelmar Michelini, (1976), Uruguayan senator

    * Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, (1976), speaker of the Uruguayan House of Representatives

    Bermuda

    * Sir Richard Sharples, (1973), governor of Bermuda

    Bolivia

    * Manuel Isidoro Belzu, (1865), President of Bolivia

    * Mariano Melgarejo, (1871), President of Bolivia

    * Che Guevara, (1967), Argentinean revolutionary leader

    * Juan José Torres, (1976), former President of Bolivia

    Brazil

    * João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque, (1930)

    * Adib Shishakli, (1964), Syrian military dictator

    * Chico Mendes, (1988), Brazilian environmental activist

    * Daniela Perez, (1992), Brazilian actress

    * Dorothy Stang, (2005), American nun killed by business interests

    * Pinheiro Machado,(1915), Brazilian politician

    * Leon Eliachar, (1987), Egyptian writer

    * Zuzu Angel,(1976), Brazillian activist

    * Wladmir Herzog,(1975), journalist

    * Paulo César Farias, (1996), Collor de Mello's campaign treasurer

    Canada

    * Thomas D'Arcy McGee, (1868), Canadian father of Confederation

    * George Brown, (1880), newspaper editor and Senator

    * Sergio Pérez Castillo, (1968), Cuban diplomat killed by anti-Castro forces in Montreal

    * Pierre Laporte, (1970), Quebec Minister of Labour, was kidnapped and murdered by the FLQ

    * Atilla Alt?kat, (1982), Turkish diplomat assassinated by Armenian nationalists in Ottawa

    * Tara Singh Hayer, (1998), journalist killed by Sikh separatists

    Chile

    * René Schneider, (1970), Chilean general

    * Victor Jara, (1973), singer

    * Jaime Guzmán, (1991), Chilean Senator

    * Edmundo Pérez Zujovic, (1971), Chilean ex Secretary of interior affairs

    * Salvador Allende, (1973), President of Chile (allegedly; may have committed suicide)

    Colombia

    * Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, (1948), Liberal Party leader

    * Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, (1984), Minister of Justice

    * Tulio Manuel Castro Gil, (1985), Superior Judge of the Bogota Circuit

    * Alfonso Reyes Echandía, (1985), President of the Supreme Court

    * Manuel Gaona Cruz, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Carlos Medellín Forero, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Ricardo Medina Moyano, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * José Eduardo Gnecco Correa, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Alfonso Patiño Roselli, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Pedro Elías Serrano, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Fabio Calderón Botero, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Darío Velásquez Gaviria, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Horacio Montoya Gil, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Fanny González Franco, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Dante Luis Fiorillo Porras, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Hernando Baquero Borda, (1986), Supreme Court Justice

    * Jaime Ramírez Gómez, (1986), Head of Antinarcotics Police

    * Jaime Pardo Leal, (1987), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party

    * Guillermo Cano Isaza, (1986), Director of El Espectador newspaper

    * Carlos Mauro Hoyos, (1988), Chief District Attorney

    * José Antequera, (1989), Senator, member of the Patriotic Union party

    * Antonio Roldán Betancur, (1989), Governor of Antioquia

    * Valdemar Franklin Quintero, (1989), Chief of Police of Antioquia

    * Luis Carlos Galán, (1989), Presidential candidate, leader of the Colombian Liberal Party

    * Carlos Ernesto Valencia, (1989), Superior Judge of the Bogota Circuit

    * Jorge Enrique Pulido, (1989), notable Journalist and director of the JEP media network

    * Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa, (1990), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party

    * Carlos Pizarro Leongómez, (1990), Presidential candidate, leader of the M-19 party

    * Diana Turbay (1991), journalist and daughter of former Colombian president Julio César Turbay Ayala

    * Enrique Low Murtra, Minister of Justice

    * Myriam Rocío Vélez, Superior Judge of the Bogota Circuit

    * Andrés Escobar, (1994), International footballer

    * Manuel Cepeda Vargas, (1994), Senator, leader of the Patriotic Union party

    * Alvaro Gómez Hurtado, (1995), former presidential candidate and director of El Nuevo Siglo newspaper

    * Rodrigo Turbay Cote, (1996), Congressman, former president of the House of Representatives

    * Fernando Landazábal Reyes, (1998), Minister of Defense

    * Eduardo Umaña Mendoza, (1998), union leader and human rights activist, former advisor to the Patriotic Union party

    * Jaime Garzón, (1999), Notable journalist and satirist

    * Crispiniano Quiñones Quiñones (2000), retired Army general, former commander of the 13th Army Brigade

    * Isaias Duarte Cancino, 2002, Roman Catholic archbishop

    * Guillermo Gaviria Correa, (2003), Governor of Antioquia

    * Gilberto Echeverry Mejía, (2003), former Minister of Defense and peace advisor to the governor of Antioquia

    * Elson Becerra, (2006), International footballer

    Cuba

    * Antonio Guiteras, (1935), Revolutionary Socialist Leader

    Dominican Republic

    * Ulises Heureaux, (1899), president of the Dominican Republic

    * Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, (1961), Dominican Republic dictator

    * Orlando Mazara, (1967)

    * Flavio Suero, (1968)

    * Henry Segarra, (1969)

    * Amín Abel Hasbún, (1970)

    * Otto Morales, (1970)

    * Amaury Germán Aristy, (1972)

    * Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó, (1973)

    * Gregorio García Castro, (1973)

    * Florinda Soriano, (1974)

    * Guido Gil Díaz, (1974)

    * Orlando Martínez, (1975)

    * Narciso González, (1994)

    Ecuador

    * Gabriel García Moreno, (1875), president of Ecuador known for his support of the Catholic church

    * Jaime Hurtado and Pablo Tapia, (1999), communist legislators, in Quito

    El Salvador

    * Manuel Enrique Araujo, (1913), President of El Salvador

    * Farabundo Martí, (1932), communist leader and peasant revolt organizer.

    * Roque Dalton, (1975), poet and revolutionary.

    * Rutilio Grande García, S.J., (1977), Roman Catholic priest

    * Mauricio Borgonovo Pohl, (1977), Foreign Minister, taken hostage and killed by guerrillas.

    * Alfonso Navarro Oviedo, (1977), Roman Catholic priest

    * Osmín Aguirre, (1977), former President of El Salvador

    * Ernesto Barrera, (1978), Roman Catholic priest

    * Octavio Ortiz Luna, (1979), Roman Catholic priest

    * Rafael Palacios, (1979), Roman Catholic priest

    * Alirio Napoleón Macías, (1979), Roman Catholic priest

    * Óscar Arnulfo Romero, (1980), Archbishop of San Salvador, by right-wing death squad

    * Enrique Álvarez Córdova, (1980) and five other leaders of the opposition Democratic Revolutionary Front ("FDR," for its Spanish initials), captured and killed by government aligned security forces.

    * Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Dorothy Kazel, and Jean Donovan, (1980), Roman Catholic nuns, by the National Guard of El Salvador

    * Albert Schaufelberger, (1983), senior U.S. Naval representative

    * Ignacio Ellacuría, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Ignacio Martin-Baro, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Segundo Montes, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Arnando Lopez, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Joaquin Lopez y Lopez, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Juan Ramon Moreno, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    Guatemala

    * Cirilo Flores, (1826), Vice President of Guatemala

    * José María Reina Barrios, (1898), President of Guatemala

    * Francisco Arana, (1949), presidential candidate

    * Carlos Castillo Armas, (1957), president of Guatemala

    * Karl von Spreti, (1970), German ambassador in Guatemala

    * Alberto Fuentes Mohr, (1979), Social Democratic Party leader

    * Manuel Colom Argueta, (1979), Mayor of Guatemala City

    * Jorge Carpio Nicolle, (1993), Liberal politician and journalist

    * Juan José Gerardi, (1998), Roman Catholic bishop

    * Mario Pivaral, (2006), UNE congressman

    * Clara Luz López, (2007), local council candidate

    Guyana

    * Michael Forde, (1964), PPP activist killed when a bomb he was removing from the party's bookstore exploded

    * Leo J. Ryan, (1978), US Congressman (D) from San Mateo, California; killed while investigating religious cult led by American Jim Jones

    * Walter Rodney, (1980), Guyanese historian and political figure

    * Satyadeow Sawh, (2006), Agriculture Minister was murdered along with his brother and sister, a security guard by masked gunmen dressed in military fatigues

    Haiti

    * Jean-Jacques Dessalines, (1806), Emperor of Haiti

    * Antoine Izméry, (1993), businessman and Lavalas supporter

    * Guy Mallory, (1993), minister of justice

    * Jean-Marie Vincent, (1994), Roman Catholic priest and Lavalas supporter

    * Jean Dominique, (2000), journalist

    * Jacques Roche, (2005), journalist

    Honduras

    * Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, (1966), president of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944

    Mexico

    * Francisco I. Madero, (1913), President of Mexico

    * Emiliano Zapata, (1919), revolutionary

    * Venustiano Carranza, (1920), President of Mexico

    * Doroteo Arango a.k.a. Pancho Villa, (1923), revolutionary

    * Felipe Carrillo Puerto, (1924), Governor of Yucatán

    * Álvaro Obregón, (1928), President-elect

    * Julio Antonio Mella, (1929), Cuban revolutionary

    * Leon Trotsky, (1940), Russian communist leader

    * Mauro Angulo, (1948)

    * Rubén Jaramillo, (1962), peasant leader

    * Enrique Camarena, (1985), policeman

    * Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz, (1986), Journalist and State governor

    * Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo, (1993), Roman Catholic Cardinal of Guadalajara, at the Guadalajara Airport

    * Luis Donaldo Colosio, (1994), Presidential candidate

    * Francisco Ortiz Franco, (1994}, contributing editor to Zeta.

    * José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, (1994), Secretary-General of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional

    * Paco Stanley, (1999), Comedian

    * Digna Ochoa, (2001), human rights lawyer

    * Mario César Ríos, (2007), congressional deputy

    Nicaragua

    * Benjamín Zeledón, (1912), Liberal revolutionary

    * Augusto César Sandino, (1934), Nicaraguan revolutionary

    * Anastasio Somoza García, (1956), President of Nicaragua

    * Rigoberto López Pérez, (1956), Assassin of Somoza García

    * Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, (1978), newspaper editor, Nicaraguan Somoza opposition

    * Enrique Bermúdez, (1991)

    * Carlos Guadamuz, (2004), Journalist

    Panama

    * José Antonio Remón Cantera, (1955), president of Panama

    * Ruben Oscar Miró Guardia, assassinated on 12/31/1969.

    Paraguay

    * Juan Bautista Gill, (1877), President of Paraguay

    * Anastasio Somoza Debayle, (1980), former President of Nicaragua

    * Luis María Argaña, (1999), vice president of Paraguay

    Peru

    * Francisco Pizarro, (1541), Spanish conquistador, in Peru

    * Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, (1933), president of Peru

    * Antonio Miró Quesada, (1935), publisher of El Comercio

    Suriname

    * Bram Behr, (1982), Surinamese journalist, in the Decembermoorden

    United States

    * Joseph Smith, Jr., (1844), Mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois and presidential candidate

    * Abraham Lincoln, (1865), President of the United States

    * Thomas Hindman, (1868), Confederate General

    * James Hinds, (1868), U.S. Congressman killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan

    * Wild Bill Hickok, (1876), lawman and gunfighter

    * James Garfield, (1881), President of the United States

    * John M. Clayton (Arkansas), (1889), Congressman from Arkansas

    * David Hennessey, (1890), Police Chief of New Orleans

    * Carter Harrison, Sr., (1893), Mayor of Chicago

    * William Goebel, (1900), Governor of Kentucky

    * William McKinley, (1901), President of the United States

    * Frank Steunenberg, (1905), former governor of Idaho

    * Don Mellett, (1926), newspaper editor and campaigner against organized crime

    * Anton Cermak, (1933), mayor of Chicago

    * Huey P. Long, (1935), Louisiana senator and former governor

    * Walter Liggett, 1935, Minnesota newspaper editor

    * Carlo Tresca, (1943), anarchist organizer

    * Albert Patterson, (1954), Alabama Attorney General

    * Curtis Chillingworth, (1955), a Florida judge

    * John F. Kennedy, (1963), President of the United States

    * Lee Harvey Oswald, (1963), assassin of John F. Kennedy

    * Medgar Evers, (1963), U.S. civil rights activist

    * Malcolm X, (1965), black Muslim leader, killed in a Manhattan banquet room as he began a speech

    * George Lincoln Rockwell, (1967), founder of the American Nazi Party

    * Martin Luther King Jr., (1968), U.S. civil rights activist

    * Robert F. Kennedy, (1968), Presidential candidate and John F. Kennedy's younger brother, shot in Los Angeles

    * Fred Hampton, (1969), Deputy Chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party

    * Dan Mitrione, (1970), FBI agent and torture expert, killed by the guerrilla movement Tupamaros

    * Orlando Letelier, (1976), Chilean ambassador to the United States under the administration of Salvador Allende

    * Harvey Milk, (1978), gay rights campaigner and city supervisor of San Francisco, California

    * George Moscone, (1978), Mayor of San Francisco.

    * John Wood, (1979), first US federal judge killed in the twentieth century

    * Allard K. Lowenstein, (1980), Congressman from New York

    * John Lennon (1980), musician, activist, former member of the Beatles

    * Alan Berg, (1984), radio talk-show host, killed by Neo-nazis

    * Chiang Nan, (1984), Taiwanese-American writer, allegedly killed by Kuomintang agents

    * Alex Odeh, (1985), Arab anti-discrimination group leader, killed when bomb exploded in his Santa Ana, California office

    * Alejandro González Malavé, (1986), famous undercover policeman, in Bayamón, Puerto Rico

    * Tommy Burks, (1998), Tennessee State Senator

    * James E. Davis, (2003) New York City Councilman assassinated by Othniel Askew a political rival in the Council chambers in City Hall.

    * Chauncey Bailey, (2007), journalist

    Uruguay

    * Bernardo P. Berro, (1868), Uruguayan president

    * Venancio Flores, (1868), Uruguayan president (on the same day as Berro, though in completely separate incidents)

    * Juan Idiarte Borda, (1897), Uruguayan president

    Venezuela

    * Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, (1950), chairman of the military junta of Venezuela

    * Danilo Anderson, (2004), State prosecutor

    Assassinations in Asia

    Afghanistan

    * Habibullah Khan, (1919), emir of Afghanistan

    * Mohammed Nader Shah, (1933), king of Afghanistan since 1929

    * Mohammed Daoud Khan, (1978), president of Afghanistan killed in communist coup

    * Adolph Dubs, (1979), U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan

    * Nur Mohammad Taraki, (1979), communist president

    * Hafizullah Amin, (1979), communist Prime Minister of Afghanistan killed during Soviet invasion

    * Mohammed Najibullah, (1996), president of Afghanistan from 1986 to 1992, killed by the Taliban during the capture of Kabul

    * Ahmed Shah Massoud, (2001), leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance

    * Abdul Haq, (2001), Afghan Northern Alliance commander killed by remnants of the Taliban

    * Abdul Qadir, (2002), vice-president of Afghanistan

    * Abdul Rahman, (2002), Afghan Minister for Civil Aviation and Tourism

    * Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani, (2007), former Prime Minister of Afghanistan

    Bangladesh

    * Mujibur Rahman, (1975), president of Bangladesh

    * Fazlul Haq Mani, (1975), politician

    * Abdur Rab Serniabat, (1975), politician

    * Tajuddin Ahmed, (1975), politician

    * Syed Nazrul Islam, (1975), politician

    * Mohammad Mansoor Ali, (1975), prime minister

    * Khaled Mosharraf, (1975), coup organizer

    * Ziaur Rahman, (1981), president of Bangladesh

    Bhutan

    * Jigme Palden Dorji, (1964), Prime Minister of Bhutan

    Cambodia

    * Ieu Koeus, (1950), briefly prime minister of Cambodia in 1949

    China

    * Sidibala, (1323), grand-khan of the Mongol Empire, Emperor of Yuan China

    * João Maria Ferreira do Amaral, (1849), Portuguese Governor of Macau

    * Ito Hirobumi, (1909), Japanese Resident-General of Korea, in Manchuria

    * Chen Qimei, (1916), revolutionary activist

    * Liao Zhongkai, (1925)

    * Zhang Zuolin, (1928), Manchurian warlord, by officers of the Japanese Guandong Army

    * Lu Huanyan, (1930)

    * Chen Lu, (1939), foreign minister of Wang Jingwei Government

    * Fang Zhenwu, (1941)

    * Han Guojun, (1942)

    * Wen Yiduo, (1946), Chinese poet and scholar

    Georgia

    * Cemal Pasha, (1922), former Ottoman Minister, in Tbilisi, by an Armenian or allegedly by either the NKVD or Cheka.

    India

    * Brhadrata, (185 BC), last ruler of the Mauryan dynasty

    * Abul-Fazel, (1602), vizier of the Mughal emperor Akbar

    * Mohandas Gandhi, (1948), Independence leader

    * Indira Gandhi, (1984), Indian prime minister

    * Rajiv Gandhi, (1991), former Indian prime minister, son of Indira

    * Beant Singh(Chief Minister), (1995), chief minister of Punjab

    * Phoolan Devi, (2001), bandit queen turned politician and activist for people of lower castes

    * Abdul Ghani Lone, (2002), moderate leader of Kashmiri Muslims

    * General Arun Shridhar Vaidya, Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army from 1983 to 1986.

    Iran

    * Xerxes I, (465 BC), Persian king killed by guards

    * Xerxes II, (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Sogdianus

    * Sogdianus, (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Darius II

    * Khosrow I, (238), Armenian king

    * Nizam al-Mulk, (1092), Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuk Turks

    * Nader Shah, (1747), Shah of Persia

    * Nasser-al-Din Shah, (1896), Shah of Persia killed by Mirza Reza Kermani

    * Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III, (1930), Iranian Diplomat and Politician

    * Abdolhossein Teymourtash, (1933), Iranian Statesman

    * Taghi Arani, (1940), Communist intellectual

    * Qazi Muhammad, (1947), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leader, in Mahabad

    * Ali Razmara, (1951), Prime Minister of Iran

    * Hassan Ali Mansur, (1965), Prime Minister of Iran

    * Mohammad Beheshti, (1981), killed along with 71 others in bombing

    * Mohammad Ali Rajai, (1981), president of Iran

    * Mohammad Javad Bahonar, (1981), Prime Minister of Iran, killed in bombing with Rajai

    Iraq

    * Gordian III, (244), Roman emperor, near Circesium (modern day Abu Sera) by his troops

    * Faisal II, (1958), King of Iraq

    * Nuri Pasha as-Said, (1958), Iraqi politician, and

    * Ibrahim Hashim, (1958), Jordanian politician, prime minister several times between the 1930s and shortly before his death - the previous three were all killed during the July 14 military coup in Iraq

    * Abdul Razak al-Naif, (1978), former Prime Minister of Iraq

    * Ali Garmaii, (1996), dissident Kurdish Iranian activist in Halabja

    * Mohammad Nanva, (1996), dissident Kurdish Iranian activist, in Sulaymaniyah

    * Aquila al-Hashimi, (2003), Iraqi Governing Council member

    * Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, (2003), ayatollah

    * Sérgio Vieira de Mello, (2003), UN Special Representative in Iraq

    * Waldemar Milewicz, (2004), Polish journalist

    * Mounir Bouamrane, (2004), Algerian-Polish TV operator, killed alongside with Milewicz

    * Hatem Kamil, (2004), deputy governor of Baghdad Province

    * Ezzedine Salim, (2004), chairman of the Iraqi Governing Council

    * Barawiz Mahmoud, (2005), judge on the Iraqi Special Tribunal

    * Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, (2005), Iraqi MP

    * Adel Koskh Khabar and three brothers, (2005), leader of al-Ghadr Brigade

    * Ihab al-Sherif, (2005), Egyptian envoy to Iraq

    * Sheik Abd-Al-Rahman, (2006), al-Zarqawi's spiritual advisor

    * Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, (2007), Sunni tribal leader

    Israel

    * Hugh II of Le Puiset, (1134), count of Jaffa

    * Miles of Plancy, (1174), regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem

    * Conrad of Montferrat, (1192), King of Jerusalem, leader in the Third Crusade

    * Jacob Israël de Haan, (1924), pro-Orthodox Jewish diplomat

    * Chaim Arlosoroff, (1933), Zionist leader in the British Mandate of Palestine

    * Folke Bernadotte, (1948), Middle East peace mediator, assassinated by Lehi

    * Rudolf Kasztner, (1957), Hungarian Zionist leader, negotiated the Kasztner train with the Nazis

    * Sheikh Hamad Abu Rabia, (1981), Member of the Knesset

    * Yitzhak Rabin, (1995), Prime Minister of Israel and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize recipient

    * Rehavam Zeevi, (2001), Israeli general and politician

    Japan

    * Emperor Sushun, (592), Emperor of Japan

    * The Sogas, (645), Japanese political family

    * Minamoto no Sanetomo, (1219), the third shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate

    * Mimura Iechika, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan

    * Matsudaira Hirotada, (1549), feudal leader in Japan

    * O-uchi Yoshitaka, (1551), daimyo, feudal leader in Japan

    * Oda Nobuyuki, (1557), Japanese samurai, younger brother of Oda Nobunaga

    * Ashikaga Yoshiteru, (1565), Shogun, feudal leader in Japan

    * Yamanaka Shikanosuke, (1578), Japanese samurai

    * Oda Nobunaga, (1582), samurai warlord

    * Shakushain, (1669), Ainu chief

    * Shimazu Nariaki, (1858), Japanese daimyo in Satsuma Province, now Kagoshima prefecture

    * Hashimoto Sanai, (1859), Japanese political activist

    * Ii Naosuke, (1860), Japanese politician

    * Tokugawa Nariaki, (1860), Japanese daimyo, a relative of Tokugawa shoguns

    * Yoshida Toyo, (1862), Japanese political activist

    * Charles Lennox Richardson, (1862), English diplomat, by Shimazu Hisamitsu's samaurai in Namamugi. Called the Namamugi Incident

    * Serizawa Kamo, (1863), a chief of Shinsen-gumi

    * Ikeuchi Daigaku, (1864), Japanese politician

    * Kusaka Gennai, (1864), Japanese politician

    * Sakuma Shozan, (1864), Japanese politician

    * Sakamoto Ryoma, (1867), Japanese author

    * Yokoi Shonai, (1869), Japanese political activist

    * Okubo Toshimichi, (1878), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Ito Hirobumi, (1909), First Prime Minister of Japan

    * Hara Takashi, (1921), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Hamaguchi Osachi, (1931), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Takuma Dan, (1932), zaibatsu leader

    * Inukai Tsuyoshi, (1932), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Takahashi Korekiyo, (1936), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Isoroku Yamamoto, (1943), Japanese Admiral

    * Inejiro Asanuma, (1960), Socialist Party of Japan chairman

    * Hitoshi Igarashi, (1991), translated The Satanic Verses into Japanese

    * Hideo Murai, (1995), one of the leading members of Aum Shinrikyo

    * Koki Ishii, (2002), Japanese politician

    * Iccho Itoh, (2007), Mayor of Nagasaki

    Jordan

    * Abdullah I, (1951), King of Jordan, when entering the Al Aqsa Mosque

    * Hazza al-Majali, (1960), Prime Minister of Jordan

    * Wasfi al-Tal, (1971), Prime Minister of Jordan

    * Laurence Foley, (2002), USAID official, by Al-Qaeda operatives

    Korea

    * King Bunseo of Baekje, (304), King of Baekje during the Three Kingdoms of Korea

    * Queen Min of Joseon, (1895), the last empress of Korea

    * Lyuh Woon-Hyung, (1947), former head of People's Republic of Korea

    * Park Chung Hee, (1979), President of South Korea

    * Yuk Yeong-su, (1974), Wife of President Park Chung Hee and First Lady of South Korea

    * Lee Bum Suk, (1983), foreign minister of South Korea, killed along with several other South Korean cabinet members by North Korean agents while visiting Burma

    Kuwait

    * Hardan al-Tikriti (1971) Former Iraqi defense minister and vice president

    Lebanon

    * Raymond II of Tripoli, (1152), count of Tripoli

    * Philip of Montfort, (1270), Lord of Tyre

    * Sami al-Hinnawi, (1950), Syrian head of state

    * Kamal Jumblatt, (1977), Lebanese Druze leader

    * Tony Frangieh, (1978), Lebanese Christian leader

    * Bachir Gemayel, (1982), president-elect of Lebanon

    * Maya Gemayel, (1979), daughter of president-elect Bachir Gemayel

    * Rashid Karami, (1987), Prime Minister of Lebanon

    * René Moawad, (1989), President of Lebanon

    * Dany Chamoun, (1990), son of late president Camille Chamoun

    * Elie Hobeika, (2002), Lebanese militia leader

    * Rafik Hariri, (2005), former Prime Minister of Lebanon

    * Bassel Fleihan, (2005), Lebanese legislator and Minister of Economy and Commerce

    * Samir Kassir, (2005), Columnist at "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper, long a fiery critic of Syria

    * George Hawi, (2005), former chief of Lebanese Communist Party

    * Gibran Tueni, (2005), Editor in Chief of "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper

    * Pierre Gemayel, (2006), Minister of Industry of Lebanon

    * Walid Eido, (2007), member of the National Assembly

    * Antoine Ghanim, (2007), member of the National Assembly

    Malaysia

    * Sir Henry Gurney, (1951), was British High Commissioner in Malaya (1950 - 1951), killed by Malayan Communist Party guerillas

    * Sir Duncan Stewart, (1949), was Second Governor of Sarawak, a British Crown Colony (1946 - 1963), killed by the Rukun 13 members, Rosli Dhobie, Awang Ramli Mohd Deli, and Bujang Suntong

    Myanmar/Burma

    * Aung San, (1947), Burmese nationalist leader

    * Thakin Mya, (1947)

    * U Ba Cho, (1947)

    * U Razak, (1947)

    * U Ba Win, (1947)

    * Mahn Ba Khine, (1947)

    * Sai San Tun, (1947)

    * U Ohn Maung, (1947)

    * Ko Htwe, (1947)

    * Kenji Nagai, {2007), Japanese Photojournalist

    Nepal

    * Birendra, (2001), King of Nepal (along with Queen Aiswary and 9 other members of the royal family)

    Pakistan

    * Liaquat Ali Khan, (1951), Prime Minister of Pakistan

    * Meena Keshwar Kamal, (1987), Afghan founder of the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan

    * Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, 1988, 10-year President of Pakistan and 12-year Chief of Army Staff in a sabotage-induced aircraft crash.

    * Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, (1989), militant Islamist, near Peshawar

    * Fazle Haq, (1991), former governor of the Northwest Frontier province, Pakistan, from 1978 to 1985

    * Iqbal Masih, (1995), 13-year-old anti-child labor activist, in Rakh Baoli

    * Siddiq Khan Kanju, (2001), former foreign minister of Pakistan from 1991 to 1993

    * Benazir Bhutto, (2007), former Prime Minister of Pakistan, by unknown assassins

    Palestinian Territories

    * Yahya Ayyash, (1996), Hamas' explosives expert

    * Abu Ali Mustafa, (2001), leader of PFLP

    * Salah Shahade, (2002), leader of Hamas' military wing

    * Ibrahim al-Makadmeh, (2003), co-founder of Hamas

    * Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, (2004), leader and founder of Hamas

    * Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, (2004), leader of Hamas

    * Izz El-Deen Sheikh Khalil, (2004), Hamas operative

    * Adnan al-Ghoul, (2004), Hamas' explosives expert

    Philippines

    * Fernando Manuel de Bustamante, (1719), Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines

    * Diego Silang, (1763), early rebel leader

    * Andres Bonifacio, {1897},

    * Antonio Luna, (1899), a leader of the Filipino army during Philippine-American War

    * Julio Nalundasan, (1935), Ilocos Congressman, young Ferdinand Marcos tried but acquitted for the slaying

    * Jose Abad Santos, {1942), Supreme Court Chief Justice

    * Aurora Quezon, (1949), former First Lady of the Philippines

    * Ponciano Bernardo, (1949), mayor of then Philippine capital Quezon City

    * James Gordon, (1967), Olongapo City mayor

    * Juan M. Alberto, (1967), Catanduanes governor and GSIS president

    * Guillermo de Vega, (1975), Executive Secretary and Board of Censors head

    * Joe Lingad, (1980), former Pampanga governor

    * Benigno Aquino, Jr., (1983), senator and politician, leader of the opposition against Ferdinand Marcos

    * Cesar Climaco, (1984), famed mayor of Zamboanga City and prominent opposition leader

    * Evelio Javier, (1986), Antique governor and ally of then presidential candidate Corazon Aquino

    * Emma Henry, (1986), police officer and film actress

    * Elvira Mangahan, (1986), actress, host and fashion designer.

    * Rolando Olalia, (1987), head of the Kilusang Mayo Uno

    * Lean Alejandro, (1987), prominent student activist leader

    * Jaime Ferrer, (1987), Interior and Local Government Cabinet Secretary

    * Roy Padilla, Sr., (1988), Camarines Sur governor, father of Robin Padilla

    * James N. Rowe (1989), US Military advisor

    * Moises Espinosa, (1989), Masbate Congressman

    * Bonifacio D. Uy, 1989, Ilagan, Isabela mayor

    * Eduardo Batalla, (1989), AFP general

    * Oscar Florendo, (1990), AFP general and spokesperson

    * Francisco Abalos, (1992), Lanao del Norte governor

    * Jose M. Crisol, (1993), former Defense Department official, leading counter-insurgency tactician

    * Tito Espinosa, (1995), Masbate Congressman

    * Alberto Berbon, (1996), DZMM senior editor and journalist

    * Rolando Abadilla, (1996), controversial Marcos era military officer

    * Clarence Aragao, (1996), human rights lawyer

    * Marcial Punzalan, (2001), Quezon Congressman

    * Rodolfo Aguinaldo, (2001), former Cagayan governor and Congressman

    * Filemon 'Ka Popoy' Lagman, (2001), founder of the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP)

    * Romulo Kintanar, (2003), leader of the New People's Army (NPA)

    * Arturo Tabara, (2004), leader of Revolutionary Workers' Party

    * Henry Lanot, (2004), former Pasig City Congressman

    * Romeo Sanchez and Abelardo Ladera, (2005), local Filipino politicians and

    * William Tadena, (2005), clergyman with the Philippine Independent Church, by anti-NPA vigilantes

    * Marlene Esperat, (2005), Sultan Kudarat journalist and Department of Agriculture officer

    * Fausto Seachon, (2005), former Masbate Congressman

    * Amir bin Muhammad Baraguir, (2006), Sultan of Maguindanao

    * Renato Marasigan, (2006), Pasig police chief

    * Fernando U. Batul, (2006), DYPR broadcast journalist/commentator, former Puerto Princesa City, Palawan vice-mayor

    * Noli Capulong, (2006), Bayan Muna activist and pastor

    * Sotero Llamas, (2006), former Rebel Leader, activist and former governatorial candidate of Albay

    * Delfinito Albano, (2006), Ilagan,Isabela Mayor

    * Pablo Glean, (2006), Makati business manager and bodyguard of Makati Mayor Jejomar Binay

    * Alberto Ramento, (2006), bishop of Independent Church

    * James Bersamin, (2006), Board Member of the 2nd District of Abra

    * Luis Bersamin, (2006), Congressman of Abra

    * Federico Delgado, (2007), Citadel officer, businessman

    * Julia Campbell, (2007), Freelance journalist and U.S. Peace Corps volunteer

    * Jomel Bocalbos, (2007), Makati deputy chief of police (killed by robbers)

    * Alioden Dalaig, (2007), Law Department Chief and Director of COMELEC

    * Joseph Del Rosario, (2007), COMELEC Officer from Cavite

    * Wahab Akbar, (2007), Representative form Basilan

    Qatar

    * Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, (2004), separatist President of Chechnya from 1996 until 1997

    Saudi Arabia

    * Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf, (624), chief of the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir

    * Umar ibn al-Khattab, (644), second caliph

    * Uthman Ibn Affan, (665), third caliph

    * Faisal of Saudi Arabia, (1975), king

    Sri Lanka

    * Solomon Bandaranaike, (1959), Sri Lankan socialist prime minister, by Buddhist monk Talduwe Somarama

    * Alfred Duraiyapah, (1975), former Mayor, Jaffna, by Tamil Tigers

    * A. Thiagarajah, (1981), MP, Vaddukoddai, by PLOTE

    * V. Dharmalingam, (1985), MP, Manipay, by TELO aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * K. Alalasunderam, (1985), MP, Kopay, by TELO aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * A. Majeed, (1987), former MP, Mutur, by Tamil Tigers??

    * Vijaya Kumaratunga, (1989), movie actor turned SLFP-SLMP politician, by JVP.

    * Stanley Wijesundara (1989), Colombo University Vice Chancellor, by JVP.

    * V. Yogeswaran, (1989), former MP, Jaffna, by dissident group of LTTE aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * A. Amrithalingam, (1989), former MP, General Secretary, TULF, by dissident group of LTTE aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * K.Gunaratnam, (1989), business entrepreneur, by JVP.

    * Rohana Wijeweera, (1989), founder of JVP, by Sri Lankan Armed Forces

    * T. Ganeshalingam, (1990), Minister, North East Provincial Council, by Tamil Tigers

    * Sam Tambimuttu, (1990), MP, Batticaloa, by Tamil Tigers

    * P. Kirubakaran, (1990), Finance Minister, North East Provincial Council, by Tamil Tigers

    * V. Yogasankari, (1990), MP, Jaffna, by Tamil Tigers

    * K. Kanagaratnam, (1990), MP, Eastern Province, by Tamil Tigers

    * Ranjan Wijeratne, (1991), Minister of State, Defence

    * Ranasinghe Premadasa, (1993), President of Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Ossie Abeygunasekara, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Dr. Gamini Wijesekara, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Weerasinghe Mallimarachchi, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * G. M. Premachandra, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Gamini Dissanayake, (1994), Presidential candidate, UNP, member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Thomas Anton, (1995), Deputy Mayor, Batticaloa, by Tamil Tigers

    * Arunachalam Thangathurai, (1997), member of Parliament Trincomalee

    * Mohammad Maharoof, (1997), Member of Parliament (MP), Trincomalee, by Tamil Tigers

    * Sarojini Yogeswaran, (1998), Jaffna Mayor, by Tamil Tigers

    * S. Shanmuganadan, (1998), Member of Parliament (MP), by Tamil Tigers

    * Ponnudurai Sivapalan, (1998), Jaffna Mayor, by Tamil Tigers

    * Neelan Thiruchelvam, (1999), Member of Parliament (MP) and TULF leader

    * C. V. Gunaratne, (2000), cabinet minister, by Tamil Tigers

    * Joseph Pararajasingham, (2005), Tamil MP in Batticalo, by GoSL supported para-military Karuna Group

    * Lakshman Kadirgamar, (2005), foreign minister, by Tamil Tigers

    * Vanniasingham Vigneswaran, (2006), Tamil rights activist by by GoSL supported Karuna Group

    * Parami Kulatunga, (2006), army general

    * Nadarajah Raviraj (2006), Tamil National Alliance politician, by SL paramilitary Group

    * S P TamilSelvan (2007), Tamil Tigers Political Leader, by Sri Lankan Air Force aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    Syria

    * Antiochus II Theos, (246 BC), Seleucid king

    * Seleucus III Ceraunus, (223 BC), Seleucid king

    * Seleucus IV Philopator, (176 BC), Seleucid king

    * Alexander Balas, (146 BC), Seleucid king

    * Antiochus VI Dionysus, (138 BC), Seleucid heir to the throne

    * Numerian, (285), Roman Emperor, by his father-in-law, Arrius Aper, in Emesa (modern-day Homs)

    * Zengi, (1146), ruler of Aleppo and Mosul and founder of the Zengid Dynasty

    * Abdul Rahman Shahbandar, (1940), Syrian nationalist

    Turkey

    * Hasan Fehmi, (1909), journalist, by government agents

    * Mahmud S,evket Pasha (1913), prime minister

    * Abdi I.pekçi (1979), liberal journalist

    * Kemal Türkler (1980), labor union leader

    * Nihat Erim (1980), former prime minister

    * Musa Anter (1992), Kurdish activist

    * Ugur Mumcu (1993), left-wing journalist

    * Hrant Dink (2007), Armenian journalist

    Vietnam

    * Hans Imfeld, (1947), French colonial agent

    * Ngo Dinh Nhu, (1963), politician

    * Ngo Dinh Diem, (1963), first president of South Vietnam

    Yemen

    * Imam Yahya, (1948), King of Yemen

    * Ibrahim al-Hamadi, (1977), president of North Yemen

    * Ahmad al-Ghashmi, (1978), president of North Yemen killed by bomb along with envoy from South Yemen

    * Jarallah Omar, (2002), deputy secretary-general of Yemeni Socialist Party

    Assassinations in Australia and Oceania

    Australia

    * John Newman, (1994), New South Wales state Member for Cabramatta

    * Ivens Buffett, (2004), Deputy Chief Minister of Norfolk Island

    New Caledonia

    * Pierre Declercq, (1981), Kanak independence leader

    * Éloi Machoro, (1985), Kanak independence leader

    * Marcel Nonaro, (1985), Kanak independence leader

    * Jean-Marie Tjibaou, (1989), Kanak independence leader

    * Yéiwene Yéiwene, (1989), Kanak independence leader

    Samoa

    * Luagalau Levaula Kamu, (1999), cabinet minister

    Palau

    * Haruo Remeliik, (1985), president

    Assassinations in Europe

    Albania

    * Avni Rustemi (1924), nationalist member of parliament

    Austria

    * Archduke Franz Ferdinand, (1914), assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, who also killed the Archduchess Sophie

    * Karl von Stürgkh, (1916), Minister-President of Austria

    * Franz Birnecker, (1923), Austrian labour representative at Semperit

    * Engelbert Dollfuss, (1934), Chancellor of Austria

    * Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou, (1989), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leader, in Vienna

    Belgium

    * Julien Lahaut, (1950), chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium

    * Maximiliano Gómez, (1971), Dominican communist leader

    * Gerald Bull, (1990), Canadian developer of the Martlet cannon, in Brussels, Belgium (possibly assassinated by Israeli Mossad agents)

    * André Cools, (1991), Belgian politician

    Bulgaria

    * Stefan Stambolov, (1895), Prime Minister of Bulgaria

    * Aleksandar Stamboliyski, (1923), Prime Minister of Bulgaria

    * Lambo Kyuchukov, (1995), ex-Minister of education

    * Vasil Iliev, (1995), insurance boss, owner of "VIS-2"

    * Andrey Lukanov, (1996), former Prime Minister of Bulgaria

    * Ivo Karamanski, (1998), insurance tycoon

    * Lyubomir Georgiev Penev, (1999), majority owner of Nova Televizia TV

    * Velichko Todorov, (2000), leader of the People's Party in Pleven

    * Georgi Valkov Georgiev, (2001), European champion, karate

    * Nikolai Kolev, (2002), Supreme Court of Cassation prosecutor

    * Todor Matov, (2003), international wrestling referee

    * Iliya Pavlov, (2003), president of Multigroup corporation, the wealthiest man in Bulgaria

    * Stoil Slavov, (2004), "Interpetroleum and Partners" associate

    * Martin Elandzhiev, (2004), national kick-box champion

    * Shinka Manova, (2005), director of Customs Control

    * Emil Kyulev, (2005), banker, voted Mr. Economics in Bulgaria for 2002

    * Georgi Stoyanov Vasilev, (2005), Sofia city councillor

    * Ivan "Doktora" Todorov, (2006), businessman alleged of smuggling

    Cyprus

    * Youssef El-Sebai, (1979), Egyptian writer, in Cyprus

    * Youcef Essalhi, (2001), 19 years old French fundamentalist shot dead in Cyprus by unknown gunman

    Czech Republic

    * Ludmila, (921), Wife of Duke Bor(ivoj, Grandmother of Duke Václav I

    * Václav I (Saint Wenceslas), (935 or 929), Duke of Bohemia

    * Václav III, (1306), King of Bohemia

    * Albrecht von Wallenstein, (1634), Czech general during the Thirty Years' War

    * Alois Rašín, (1923), Minister of Finances of Czechoslovakia

    * Reinhard Heydrich, (1942), a General in the Nazi German paramilitary corps and governor of occupied Czech lands

    Denmark

    * Erik V Klipping, (1286), King of Denmark

    Finland

    * Bishop Henry, (1156), English bishop in Finland (according to a legend)

    * Eliel Soisalon-Soininen, (1904), attorney General

    * Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov, (1904), Governor-General of Finland

    * Heikki Ritavuori, (1922), Minister of the Interior of Finland

    France

    * Charles d'Espagne, (1354), constable of France

    * Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, (1407)

    * John the Fearless, (1419)

    * Gaspard de Coligny, (1572)

    * Henri III, (1589), King of France

    * Henri IV, (1610), King of France

    * Jacques de Flesselles, (1789), Provost of Paris

    * Jean-Paul Marat, (1793), revolutionary

    * Marie François Sadi Carnot, (1894), President of France

    * Jean Jaurès, (1914), politician, pacifist

    * Gaston Calmette, (1914), editor of Le Figaro newspaper

    * Marius Plateau, (1923), secretary of Action Française

    * Paul Doumer, (1932), President of France

    * Louis Barthou, (1934), foreign minister of France killed along with King Alexander I of Yugoslavia at Marseille

    * Ernst vom Rath, (1938), German diplomat in France

    * Constant Chevillon, (1944), head of FUDOFSI, by Gestapo in Lyon

    * Camille Blanc, (1961), mayor of Evian

    * Mehdi Ben Barka, (1965), Moroccan socialist leader and Third-World Tricontinental leader, disappeared in Paris

    * Outel Bono, (1973), Chadian medical doctor and anti-Tombalbaye activist

    * Oktay Cerit, (1976), First Secretary of Turkish Embassy, by an unknown assailant. The Secret Armenian Army is suspected.

    * Henri Curiel, (1978), anticolonialist activist

    * José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana "Argala", (1978), Basque leader

    * Pierre Goldman, (1979), left-wing activist

    * Salah al-Din Bitar, (1980), Syrian Baath politician

    * Yehia El-Mashad, (1980), Egyptian atomic scientist.

    * Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude, (1982), right-wing activist and criminal

    * Pierre-Jean Massimi, (1983), secretary of the département Haute-Corse

    * René Audran, (1985), General

    * Georges Besse, (1986), Renault executive

    * André Mécili ("Ali Mécili"), (1987), Algerian opposition leader, in France

    * Dulcie September, (1988), African National Congress representative, in Paris

    * Joseph Doucé, (1990), activist for sexual minorities

    * Shapour Bakhtiar, (1991), Prime Minister of Iran briefly in 1979, stabbed to death at his home in France

    * Abdelbaki Sahraoui, (1995), co-founder of the Algerian Islamic Salvation Front, in Paris

    * Claude Erignac, (1998), prefect of Corsica

    * Didier Contant, (2004), journalist, grand reporter, former editor in chief of Gamma

    * Robert Feliciaggi, (2006), Corsican MP, in Ajaccio

    Germany

    * Alexander Severus, (235), Roman emperor, near Moguntiacum (present-day Mainz) by his troops

    * Postumus, (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz

    * Laelianus, (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz

    * Philipp von Hohenstaufen, (1208), Emperor, in Bamberg

    * Engelbert I. von Köln, (1225), Archbishop of Cologne

    * Konrad von Marburg, (1233), inquisitor

    * Johann Windlock, (1356), Bishop of Constance

    * Kaspar Hauser, (1833), purported son of Karl, Grand Duke of Baden

    * Kurt Eisner, (1919), Prime Minister of Bavaria

    * Talat Pasha, (1921), former Ottoman Minister of Interior Affairs, in Berlin by Soghomon Tehlirian

    * Matthias Erzberger, (1921), politician

    * Walther Rathenau, (1922), industrialist and politician

    * Dr Erich Klausener, (1934), Minister of Police

    * Gustav von Kahr, (1934), politician

    * General Kurt von Schleicher, (1934), advisor to Reich President Paul von Hindenburg

    * Salah Ben Youssef, (1961), Tunisian politician, in Frankfurt

    * Belkacem Krim, (1970), Algerian politician

    * Günter von Drenkmann, (1974), Berlin chief justice

    * Siegfried Buback, (1977), German attorney general

    * Jürgen Ponto, (1977), CEO Dresdner Bank

    * Hanns-Martin Schleyer, (1977), president of the German employers' organization

    * Heinz-Herbert Karry, (1981), Minister of Economy in Hesse

    * Ernst Zimmermann, (1985), industrialist

    * Karl Heinz Beckurts, (1986), Siemens executive

    * Gerold von Braunmühl, (1986), official in the German Foreign Ministry

    * Alfred Herrhausen, (1989), Deutsche Bank CEO

    * Detlev Karsten Rohwedder, (1991), director of Treuhandanstalt for former East Germany

    * Sadeq Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan, Nouri Dehkordi, (1992), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leaders, in Berlin (Mykonos restaurant assassinations)

    Greece

    * Hipparchus, (514 BC), tyrant of Athens

    * Ephialtes, (461 BC), leader of the radical democracy movement in Athens

    * Alcibiades, (404 BC), Athenian general and politician

    * Philip II of Macedon, (336 BC), king of Macedon, by Pausanias of Orestis in Pella

    * Seleucus I Nicator, (281 BC), founder of the Seleucid dynasty, near Lysimachia

    * Cleon of Sicyon, (272 BC), tyrant of Sicyon

    * Tidas, (252 BC), tyrant of Sicyon

    * Archimedes, (212 BC), greek mathematician, was killed in syracusa, magna greece

    * Ioannis Capodistrias, (1831), first President of Greece

    * George I of Greece, (1913), king

    * Gregoris Lambrakis, (1963), leader of anti-fascist movement in Greece.

    * George Tsantes, (1983), U.S. military attaché in Athens

    * Nikos Momferratos, (1985), Greek newspaper publisher

    * William Nordeen, (1988), Tsantes successor as U.S. military attaché in Athens

    * Pavlos Bakoyannis, (1989), New Democracy politician

    * Costis Peratikos, (1997), Greek shipowner

    * Stephen Saunders, (2000), Brigadier and British military attaché in Athens

    Hungary

    * István Tisza, (1918), former premier of Hungary

    Ireland

    * Lord Frederick Cavendish, (1882), Chief Secretary for Ireland

    * Thomas Henry Burke, (1882), Permanent Under Secretary for Ireland

    * Tomás Mac Curtain, (1920), Lord Mayor of Cork

    * Michael Collins, (1922), President of the Provisional Government and "IRA" guerrilla leader during the Irish War of Independence

    * Kevin O'Higgins, (1927), Irish politician

    * Christopher Ewart-Biggs, (1976), British ambassador to Ireland

    * Lord Mountbatten of Burma, (1979), Admiral of the Fleet, last Viceroy of India

    * Rev. Robert Bradford, (1981), Unionist MP in Northern Ireland

    * Veronica Guerin, (1996), Irish journalist

    Italy (and former Roman Empire)

    * Titus Tatius, (748 BC), Sabine king, in Rome

    * Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, (579 BC), Etruscan king of Rome, in Rome by the sons of Ancus Marcius

    * Servius Tullius, (534 BC), Etruscan king of Rome, in Rome by Tarquin II

    * Tiberius Gracchus, (133 BC), Roman tribune, in Rome by Roman senators

    * Julius Caesar, (44 BC), Roman general and dictator, in Rome by members of the Roman Senate

    * Cicero, (43 BC), Roman orator, outside of Rome under orders from Mark Anthony

    * Caligula, (41), Roman Emperor, in Rome by Cassius Chaerea through a conspiracy with the Praetorian guard and the Senate

    * Claudius, (54), Roman Emperor, poisoned in Rome by his wife, Agrippina

    * Vitellius, (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Flavian army

    * Galba, (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders from Otho

    * Domitian, (96), Roman Emperor, in Rome by Stephanus, steward to Julia Flavia

    * Commodus, (192), Roman Emperor, killed in Rome by Narcissus the wrestler

    * Pertinax, (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Didius Julianus, (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Publius Septimius Geta, (212), Roman Emperor, in Rome by centurions under orders of Caracalla

    * Caracalla, (217), Roman Emperor, between Edessa and Carrhae (modern-day Sanli Urfa and Harran) by Martialis, possibly under orders of Macrinus

    * Elagabalus, (222), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders of Julia Maesa and Julia Mamaea

    * Maximinus Thrax, (238), Roman Emperor, outside Aquileia by his troops

    * Pupienus, (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Balbinus, (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Volusianus, (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops

    * Trebonianus Gallus, (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops

    * Aurelian, (275), Roman Emperor, near Caenophrurium (modern-day Corlu)

    * Florianus, (276), Roman Emperor, near Tarsus

    * Giuliano de' Medici, (1478), co-ruler of Florence

    * Martin Bovelino (Martino Bovollino), (1531), envoy of the Grisons

    * Pellegrino Rossi, (1848), Papal States Minister of Justice

    * Umberto I of Italy, (1900), king

    * Said Halim Pasha, (1921), former Ottoman Prime

    * Giacomo Matteotti, (1924), Italian socialist politician

    * Luigj Gurakuqi, (1925), Albanian independence leader, in Bari

    * Benito Mussolini, (1945), fascist Prime Minister of Italy

    * Enrico Mattei, (1962), Italian public head officer, head of Agip oil company, supported Algerian independence

    * Pier Paolo Pasolini, (1975), Italian writer, poet and film director

    * Aldo Moro, (1978), former Prime Minister of Italy

    * Giuseppe Impastato, (1978), Anti-mafia activist

    * Emilio Alessandrini, (1979), magistrate in Milano

    * Giorgio Ambrosoli, (1979), lawyer, liquidator of Banca Privata Italiana

    * Cesare Terranova, (1979), magistrate

    * Carlo Ghiglieno, (1979), Fiat manager

    * Italo Schettini, (1979), regional councillor of Democrazia cristiana

    * Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, (1982), General of the carabinieri, indirectly investigating on the death of Enrico Mattei

    * Rocco Chinnici, (1983), magistrate

    * Leamon Hunt, (1984), U.S. chief of the Sinai Multinational Force and Observer Group (assassinated in Rome)

    * Antonio Saetta, (1988), judge

    * Giovanni Trecroci, (1990), vice mayor of Villa San Giovanni

    * Giovanni Falcone, (1992), anti-mafia judge

    * Paolo Borsellino, (1992), anti-mafia judge

    * Salvatore Lima, (1992), mayor of Palermo

    * Pino Puglisi, (1993), priest

    * Massimo D'Antona, (1999), advisor of the Italian Minister of Labour

    * Marco Biagi, (2002), Italian Labor Ministry advisor

    Malta

    * Fathi Shakaki, (1995), leader of Islamic Jihad

    Netherlands

    * Count Floris V, (1296), murdered by fellow noblemen

    * William I of Orange, (1584), leader of the Dutch war of independence from Spanish rule (Eighty Years' War)

    * Johan de Witt, (1672), politician, and his brother

    * Cornelis de Witt, (1672), by an angry crowd

    * Pim Fortuyn, (2002), publicist and politician, leader of his political party

    * Theo van Gogh, (2004), film director, writer and critic

    Norway

    * Ahmed Bouchiki, (1973), Civilian, mistakenly believed to be Ali Hassan Salameh, assassinated in Lillehammer by Israeli Mossad agents

    Ottoman Empire

    * Mehmed Sokollu, (1579), Grand Vizier of Suleyman the Magnificent

    * Osman II, (1622), Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

    * Mahmud Sevket Pasha (1913), Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire

    * Azmi Bey, (1922), former Ottoman Ittihat and Terakki Party member, by an Armenian

    * Celal Pasha, (1929), former Ottoman Minister for the Navy, in Istanbul, due to his role in the Armenian Genocide.

    Poland

    * Stanis?aw Szczepanowski (1079), Bishop of Kraków (now a saint)

    * Gabriel Narutowicz, (1922), President of Poland

    * Franz Kutschera, (1944), German SS general and chief of police, by Polish resistance

    * Jerzy Popie?uszko, (1984), Polish priest, by the communist political police

    * Marek Papa?a, (1998), chief of the police, by the mafia

    Portugal

    * Viriato, betrayed to the Romans

    * Inês de Castro, (1355), posthumously declared Queen of Portugal

    * Fernando II, (1483), Duke of Braganza

    * Diogo de Beja, (1484), Duke

    * Carlos I of Portugal, (1908), King

    * Luiz Filipe of Portugal, (1908), Crown Prince

    * Sidónio Pais, (1918), President

    * Humberto Delgado, (1965), General, Presidential Candidate

    Romania

    * Mihai Viteazul, (1601), Ruler of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania

    * Barbu Catargiu, (1862), Prime Minister of Romania

    * Ion Duca, (1933), Prime Minister of Romania

    * Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, (1938), politician

    * Armand Ca(linescu, (1939), Prime Minister of Romania

    * Nicolae Iorga, (1940), former Prime Minister of Romania, historian

    * Constantin Ta(nase, (1945), actor

    Slovakia

    * Ján Ducký, (1999)

    Spain

    Tomb of José Canalejas in the Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid.

    Tomb of José Canalejas in the Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid.

    * Juan Prim, (1870), Prime Minister of Spain and Governor of Puerto Rico

    * Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, (1897), Prime Minister of Spain

    * José Canalejas, (1912), Prime Minister of Spain

    * Eduardo Dato Iradier, (1921), Prime Minister of Spain

    * José Castillo, (1936, Socialist lieutenant in the Assault Guards

    * José Calvo Sotelo, (1936), right-wing politician

    * Federico García Lorca, (1936), Spanish poet and dramatist, by fascists

    * Mohamed Khider, (1967), Algerian politician, in Madrid

    * Melitón Manzanas, (1968), secret police officer

    * Luis Carrero Blanco, (1973), Spanish prime minister

    * Ricardo Tejero Magro, (1985), Spanish Central Bank director

    * Francisco Tomás y Valiente, (1996), former president of the Spanish Constitutional Court

    * Miguel Ángel Blanco, (1997), Basque politician, by ETA

    * Fernando Buesa Blanco, (2000), Basque politician and party leader

    * Ernest Lluch Martín, (2000), former Spanish minister

    Sweden

    * King Sverker I of Sweden, (1156)

    * King Eric IX of Sweden, (1160)

    * King Charles VII of Sweden, (1167)

    * Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, (1436), statesman, Regent of Sweden

    * King Eric XIV of Sweden, (1577), on order of his half-brother King John III of Sweden

    * King Gustav III of Sweden, (1792)

    * Axel von Fersen, (1810), statesman, Grand Marshal of Sweden

    * Andreas von Mirbach, (1975), German military attaché in Stockholm

    * Heinz Hillegaart, (1975), German diplomat in Stockholm

    * Olof Palme, (1986), Swedish prime minister

    * Anna Lindh, (2003), Swedish foreign affairs minister

    * Fuat Deniz, researcher in social science.

    Switzerland

    * Berthold von Helfenstein, (1233), Bishop of Chur

    * Albert I of Habsburg, (1308), German King and Duke of Austria, by his nephew John Parricida, whom he had deprived of his inheritance, at Windisch on the Reuss River

    * Guichard Tavelli, (1375), Bishop of Sion

    * Pompejus von Planta-Wildenberg, (1621)

    * Jörg Jenatsch, (1639), in Chur

    * Rudolf von Planta, (1640), judge in lower Engadin, at the Umbrail pass

    * Rudolf von Planta-Wildenberg, (1641), at Rietberg

    * Josef Leu, (1845), Catholic politician from Lucerne

    * Elisabeth ("Sissi"), (1898), empress of Austria and queen of Hungary, in Geneva

    * Vaslav Vorovsky, (1923), Soviet diplomat assassinated in Lausanne

    * Wilhelm Gustloff, (1936), German leader of the Swiss Nazi party

    * Félix-Roland Moumié, (1960), successor to Ruben Um Nyobe at the head of the UPC, assassinated by the SDECE (French secret services)

    * Kazem Rajavi, (1990), Iranian opposition leader, in Geneva

    Turkey

    Main article: List of assassinated Turks

    * Necdet Bulut, (1978), university professor in Computer Science, by Grey Wolves in Trabzon

    * Dog(an Öz, (1978), Assistant district attorney of Ankara, by Grey Wolves in Ankara

    * Bedrettin Cömert, (1978), university professor in Art History, by Grey Wolves in Ankara

    * Bedri Karafakiog(lu, (1978), dean of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering at Istanbul Technical University, by Grey Wolves in Istanbul

    * Abdi Ipekçi, (1979), journalist, Editor-in-Chief of Milliyet newspaper, by Mehmet Ali Ag(ca in Istanbul

    * Kemal Türkler, (1980), Labor union leader, by Grey Wolves in I.stanbul

    * Nihat Erim, (1980), former prime minister of Turkey, by a Dev Sol operative in Istanbul

    * Gün Sazak, (1980), contractor and nationalist politician, by Dev Sol in I.stanbul

    * Muammer Aksoy, (1990), university professor in Law, by Islamist militants in Ankara

    * Bahriye Üçok, (1990), university professor in Islam Studies, in Istanbul, by Islamist militants

    * Çetin Emeç, (1990), journalist, Hürriyet newspaper, by Islamist militants in Istanbul

    * Turan Dursun, (1990), Islamic scholar, author, and journalist with a critical view of Islam, in Ankara, unresolved, most probably by Islamist militants

    * Musa Anter, (1992), dissident Kurdish Turkish activist and writer, in Diyarbak?r, unresolved, attributed to Turkish military intelligence (JITEM)

    * Ug(ur Mumcu, (1993), journalist, Cumhuriyet newspaper, by Islamist militants in Ankara

    * Onat Kutlar, (1995), writer, poet, founder of Cinemateque Istanbul, columnist for Cumhuriyet newspaper, attributed to Islamist militants in Istanbul

    * Konca Kuris,, (1998), Islamic feminist author, kidnapped and tortured to death by (Turkish) Hizbullah in Mersin

    * Ahmet Taner K?s,lal?, (1999), politician, Ankara University professor in Political Science, Cumhuriyet newspaper columnist, by Islamist militants in Ankara

    * Gaffar Okan, (2001), Police Commissioner of Diyarbak?r, by (Turkish) Hizbullah in Diyarbak?r

    * Necip Hablemitog(lu, (2002), university professor in History, in Ankara, unresolved, attributed to Islamist militants, German intelligence, or MOSSAD

    * Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, (2006), high court judge, Council of State (Dan?s,tay), by an Islamist lawyer in Ankara

    * Hrant Dink, (2007), Journalist, publisher of Turkish-Armenian newspaper Agos, in Istanbul, currently unresolved, but has been continuously threatened by Turkish ultra-nationalists

    United Kingdom (and predecessor states)

    * Carausius, (293), usurper of the Western Roman Empire

    * King Edmund I, (946), king of England, stabbed at a banquet

    * Edward the Martyr, (979), King of England

    * Thomas Becket, (1170), Archbishop of Canterbury

    * Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany (best known as Lord Darnley), (1567), consort of Mary, Queen of Scots

    * James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, (1570), Regent of Scotland

    * George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1628)

    * James Sharp, (1679), Archbishop of St Andrews, in Fife, near St Andrews

    * Spencer Perceval, (1812), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in London by John Bellingham; the only British prime minister to be assassinated

    * Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, (1922), British field marshal, retired Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Conservative politician

    * Paddy Wilson, (1972), Social Democratic and Labour Party politician

    * Ross McWhirter, (1975), co-author of the Guinness Book of Records and right wing political activist

    * Kadhi Abdullah al-Hagri, (1977), past prime minister of Yemen Arab Republic, killed in London

    * Georgi Markov, (1978), Bulgarian dissident

    * Airey Neave, (1979), British Conservative politician

    * Sir Norman Stronge (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician

    * Sir James Stronge, 9th Baronet (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician

    * Rev. Robert Bradford, (1981), Unionist MP in Northern Ireland

    * Edgar Graham, (1983), Ulster Unionist politician.

    * Patrick Finucane, solicitor

    * Ian Gow, (1990), British Conservative politician

    * Rosemary Nelson, (1999), Irish Catholic solicitor and human rights advocate

    * Alexander Litvinenko, (2006) Russian critic of Vladimir Putin

    Serbia and Yugoslavia

    * Gallienus, (268), Roman emperor, near Naissus

    * Probus, (282), Roman emperor. Assassinated at Sirmium

    * Carinus, (284), Roman emperor. Assassinated at Margus

    * Julius Nepos, (480), Roman emperor. Assassinated near Salona (modern Solin).

    * Aleksandar Obrenovic' and Draga Mašin, (1903), king of Serbia. Assassinated in Belgrade.

    * Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie, (1914), killed by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, see: Assassination in Sarajevo

    * Milorad Draškovic', (1921), Yugoslav interior minister killed by Communist Alija Alijagic'

    * Alexander I of Yugoslavia, (1934), was king of Yugoslavia. Assassinated in Marseille, France.

    * ?uro Basaric(ek, Pavle Radic' and Stjepan Radic', (1928), Croatian MPs killed in the Parliament of Kingdom of SHS by Puniša Rac(ic'

    * Sekula Drljevic', (1945), Montenegrin nationalist

    * Ivan Kramberger, (1992), Slovenian presidential candidate

    * Irfan Ljubijankic', (1995), foreign minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    * eljko Ra natovic' ("Arkan"), (2000), Serb paramilitary leader

    * Pavle Bulatovic', (2000), defense minister of Yugoslavia

    * Boško Peroševic', (2000), Premier of Vojvodina

    * Ivan Stambolic', (2000), Serb politician

    * Zoran ?in?ic', (2003), Prime Minister of Serbia killed by organized crime groups

    Ukraine

    * Mykola Leontovych (1918) - Ukrainian composer

    * Symon Petlura, (1926), Ukrainian political leader assassinated by Sholom Schwartzbard

    * Yevhen Konovaletz (1938) Ukrainian nationalist leader assassinated by Pavel Sudoplatov

    * Dmytro Revutsky (1942)- Academic

    * Lev Rebet (1957) - Ukrainian nationalist leader assassinated by Bohdan Stashinsky

    * Stepan Bandera (1959) - Ukrainian nationalist leader assassinated by Bohdan Stashinsky

    * Volodymyr Ivasiuk (1979) - Ukrainian composer

    * Vadym Hetman (1998) - Politician, banker

    * Georgiy R. Gongadze (2000) - Ukrainian journalist

    * Stepan Senchuk - (2005)

    Assassinations in Russia and the former Soviet Union

    * Peter III of Russia, (1762), Emperor of Russia

    * Paul of Russia, (1801), Emperor of Russia

    * Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich, (1825), military Governor of St. Petersburg

    * Nikolay Vladimirovich Mezentsev, (1878), Executive Director of the Third Section

    * Alexander II of Russia, (1881), Emperor of All the Russias

    * Dmitry Sipyagin, (1902), Russian Interior Minister

    * Vyacheslav Pleve, (1904), Russian Interior Minister

    * Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich Romanov, (1905), former Governor-General of Moscow

    * Peter Stolypin, (1911), Russian Prime Minister

    * Grigori Rasputin, (1916), controversial friar and mystic

    * Tsar Nicholas II and his family: Tsarina Alexandra, Tsarevich Aleksey, and the Grand Duchesses Anastasia, Tatiana, Olga and Maria (1918)

    * V. Volodarsky, (1918), revolutionary

    * Wilhelm Mirbach, (1918), German Ambassador in Moscow

    * Fatali Khan Khoyski, (1920), former Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, in Tbilisi

    * Simon Petlyura, (1926), Ukrainian independence leader

    * Sergei Kirov, (1934), Bolshevik party leader in Leningrad

    * Giorgi Chanturia, (1994), Georgian opposition leader

    * Vladislav Listyev, (1995), a Russian journalist and head of the ORT TV Channel

    * Dzhokhar Dudayev, (1996), first Chechen separatist President and anti-Russian guerrilla leader

    * Galina Starovoitova, (1998), influential politician, then member of Russian parliament (Duma)

    * Ruslan Chimayev, (1998), Chechen rebel politician

    * Otakhon Latifi, (1998), Tajik journalist and opposition figure

    * Vazgen Sargsyan, (1999), Prime Minister of Armenia

    * Karen Demirchyan, (1999), speaker of Armenian parliament

    * Leonard Petrosyan, (1999), Karabakh politician

    * Georgiy Gongadze, (2000), Ukrainian journalist

    * Valentin Tsvetkov, (2002), governor of Magadan

    * Sergei Yushenkov, (2003), Russian politician, in Moscow [1]

    * Yuri Shchekochikhin, (2003), Russian journalist, in Moscow [2]

    * Georgy Tal, (2004), leading Russian businessman

    * Paul Klebnikov, (2004), editor of the Russian edition of Forbes magazine

    * Akhmad Kadyrov, (2004), Kremlin-backed President of the Chechen Republic

    * Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, (2004), former President of separatist Chechnya

    * Aslan Maskhadov, (2005), President of separatist Chechnya

    * Anatoly Trofimov, (2005), former FSB deputy director

    * Elmar Huseynov, (2005), Azerbaijani journalist

    * Zhirgalbek Surabaldiyev, (2005), Kyrgyz MP and businessman

    * Magomed Omarov, (2005), deputy Interior Minister of Dagestan

    * Bayaman Erkinbayev, (2005), Kyrgyz MP

    * Altynbek Sarsenbayev, (2006), Kazakh politician

    * Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev, (2006), President of separatist Chechnya

    * Anna Politkovskaya, (2006), Russian journalist and human rights campaigner.

    Deaths under suspicious circumstances

    * Ivan Safronov, (2007), Russian journalist and columnist. Died after falling from the fifth floor of his Moscow apartment building

    * Yerzhan Tatishev, (2006), Chairman of the second largest bank in Kazakhstan Bank TuranAlem

    * Zamanbek Nurkadilov, (2005), Kazakh politician

    * John Garang, (2005), Sudanese politician and former rebel leader (suspicious helicopter crash)

    * Ehtiram Jalilov, (2005), Azerbaijani politician

    * Nicola Calipari, (2005), Italian intelligence agent (circumstances of the death are well-established; the motives are unclear)

    * Zurab Zhvania, (2005), Prime Minister of Georgia

    * Enrique Salinas, (2004), brother of former Mexican president Carlos Salinas. Found with a plastic bag over the head in a parked car

    * Yassir Arafat, (2004), Chairman of the PLO, conspiracy theorists believe that he was poisoned

    * George Bacchus, (2004), accused a Guyanese government minister of links to death squads

    * Iris Chang, (2004), author of The Rape of Nanking

    * Maj. Gen. Abed Hamed Mowhoush, (2003), Iraqi general, died in American custody

    * Dr. David Kelly, (2003), UK weapons expert, found dead after inquiry into Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, investigation into his death

    * Paul Wellstone, (2002), liberal Democratic United States Senator from Minnesota, killed in mysterious plane crash during his reelection campaign

    * Giorgi Sanaia, (2001), Georgian journalist known for opposition to government, shot in apartment

    * John Kaiser, (2000), missionary (officially recorded as a suicide but the evidence strongly suggests otherwise)

    * Christopher Notorious B.I.G. Wallace, ([1997]), victim of West coast and East coast war and subsequent police cover-up

    * Tupac Amaru Shakur, ([1996]), gunned down on Las Vegas strip

    * Kurt Cobain, (1994), lead singer and guitarist for the band Nirvana; apparent suicide (self-inflicted gunshot wound) in his home in Seattle

    * Juvénal Habyarimana, (1994), President of Rwanda, and

    * Cyprien Ntaryamira, (1994), President of Burundi, killed in mysterious plane crash; the resulting political instability led to the genocide in Rwanda and the outbreak of full-scale war in Burundi

    * Pablo Escobar, (1993), head of the Medellín Cartel

    * Zviad Gamsakhurdia, (1993), former president of Georgia - apparent suicide, though unconfirmed

    * Joseph Rendjambe, (1990), leader of the Gabonese Progress Party. Found dead of poisoning in a hotel owned by President Omar Bongo

    * Samora Machel, (1986), President of Mozambique, killed in air crash on the border of South Africa; Machel was a leading anti-Apartheid spokesman

    * Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, (1988), military ruler of Pakistan

    * Uwe Barschel, (1987), minister-president of Schleswig-Holstein

    * Roberto Calvi, (1982), CEO of Banco Ambrosiano, found hanged under Blackfriars Bridge in London

    * Eduardo Frei Montalva, (1982), president of Chile from 1964 to 1970

    * Mehmet Shehu, (1981), Prime Minister of Albania, death ruled a suicide but often believed to have been ordered murdered by Enver Hoxha

    * Omar Torrijos, (1981), brigadier general and president of Panama, died in a plane crash

    * Francisco Sá Carneiro, (1980), prime-minister of Portugal, died in a plane crash

    * Amaro da Costa, (1980), minister of defense of Portugal, died in a plane crash

    * Josiah Tongogara, (1979), died in a car crash on the eve of Zimbabwe's independence

    * Pope John Paul I, (1978), has been contended by author David Yallop to have been assassinated

    * Haile Selassie, (1975), Ethiopian emperor who was deposed and imprisoned a year earlier by the military after an eventful reign of over 40 years

    * Edmundo Bosio, (1975), dismissed Vice President of Equatorial Guinea

    * Aman Mikael Andom, (1974), Ethiopian military figure

    * Edward Mutesa, (1969), possibly from poisoning

    * Dag Hammarskjöld, (1961), United Nations Secretary General, killed in plane crash in Zaire, sabotage suspected

    * Camilo Cienfuegos, (1959), Cuban revolutionary, plane disappeared on flight from Camagüey to Havana

    * Barthélemy Boganda, (1959), Prime Minister of the Central African Republic, in a plane crash

    * Joseph Stalin, (1953), Soviet leader

    * Jan Masaryk, (1948), son of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk; Czech diplomat, politician and Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia

    * King Ananda Mahidol of Thailand, (1946), died of gunshot wounds; suicide, accident or assassination

    * Ghazi of Iraq, (1939), King of Iraq

    * Leon Sedov, (1936), son of Leon Trotsky, leader of the Trotskyist movement

    * Ottavio Bottecchia, (1927), Italian cyclist

    * S. L. MacGregor-Mathers, (1918), well-known magician and occultist, died of an unknown cause; it is known that he had many enemies

    * Ludwig II of Bavaria, (1886), King of Bavaria

    * Emperor Ko-mei, (1840), Emperor of Japan

    * Alexander I of Russia, (1825), Tsar. Died in the city of Taganrog in mysterious circumstances.

    * Napoléon Bonaparte, (1821), French general and emperor, died in exile on the island of Saint Helena possibly slowly poisoned by his 'sommelier' who would have been working for Louis XVIII

    * King Charles XII of Sweden, (1718), killed in action possibly by Swedes

    * Moctezuma II, (1520), Aztec emperor. According to Spanish accounts he was killed by his own people, according to Aztec accounts he was murdered by the Spanish

    * King Jean I of France, (1316)

    * King William II of England, (1100), killed by an arrow while hunting

    * Flavius Claudius Julianus, (363), Roman emperor

    * Carus, (283), Roman emperor

    * Tiberius, (37),Roman emperor, rumours he was suffocated, may simply have died of old age

    * Tutankhamun, (1324 BC), Egyptian pharaoh

    Source(s): Wiki
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Mohamed Boudiaf, Algeria

    Thomas Sankara, Burkina Faso

    Louis Rwagasore, Burundi

    That's just a preview of what could be found on:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_assassinated_...

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    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    You want me to name them ALL?

    Just Google it yourself. I haven't got the time.

  • 1 decade ago

    lincoln,jfk,bhutto, indira ghandi,murfa,bhutto'sfather and brotyher, sonia gandi's dad brother son and much more

  • 1 decade ago

    there have been many.

    here is a link with a listing of a huge number of them:

    http://www.encyclopedia4u.com/l/list-of-assassinat...

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