snowman asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

name for me the presidents and prime ministers who were murdered around the world?

The presidents and prime ministers of countries who were assassinated like Sadat of Egypt.

8 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
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    * Hiempsal, (117 BC), co-ruler of Numidia

    * François Darlan, (1942), senior figure of Vichy France

    * Maurice Audin, (1957), communist mathematician

    * Mohamed Khemisti, (1963), Algerian foreign minister

    * Mustafa Bouyali, (1987), Islamic fundamentalist

    * Mohamed Boudiaf, (1992), President of Algeria

    * Youcef Sebti, (1993), poet

    * Kasdi Merbah, (1993), former Prime Minister of Algeria

    * Abdelkader Alloula, (1994), playwright

    * Cheb Hasni, (1994), singer

    * Lounès Matoub, (1998), singer

    * Abdelkader Hachani, (1999), Islamic fundamentalist


    * Jonas Savimbi, 2002, Angolan political and rebel leader

    Burkina Faso

    * Thomas Sankara, (1987), Head of State of Burkina Faso

    * Clément Oumarou Ouédraogo, (1991), opposition leader

    * Norbert Zongo, (1998), journalist


    * Louis Rwagasore, (1961), Prime Minister of Burundi

    * Jean Nduwabike, (1962), trade union leader

    * Gabriel Gihimbare, (1964), first Roman Catholic bishop of Hutu descent

    * Pierre Ngendandumwe, (1965), Prime Minister of Burundi

    * Joseph Bamina, (1965), Prime Minister of Burundi

    * Paul Mirerekano, (1965), leading Burundian politician

    * Gervais Nyangoma, (1965), politician

    * Martin Ndayahoze, (1972), leading army commander and information minister

    * Ntare V, (1975), dethroned King of Burundi (disputed circumstances)

    * Melchior Ndadaye, (1993), President of Burundi, Founder of The Burundi Workers' Party

    * Gilles Bimazubute, (1993),

    * Kassi Manlan, (2001), World Health Organisation representative


    * Ruben Um Nyobé, (1958), leader of the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (UPC)


    * François Tombalbaye, (1975), President of Chad


    * Ali Soilih, (1978), former President of Comoros

    * Ahmed Abdallah, (1989), President of Comoros

    Congo (Brazzaville)

    * Marien Ngouabi, (1977), President of the Congo

    * Émile Biayenda, (1977), Archbishop of Brazzaville

    * Pierre Anga, (1988), rebel leader

    Congo (Kinshasa)

    * Kabongo Boniface Kalowa, (1960),

    * Patrice Lumumba, (1961), former Prime Minister of the Congo

    * Maurice Mpolo, (1961), Lumumba associate

    * Joseph Okito, (1961), Lumumba associate

    * Ferdinand Kabange Numbi, (1964),

    * André Lubaya, (1968),

    * Laurent Kabila, (2001), President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Ivory Coast

    * Robert Guéi, (2002), former President of Côte d'Ivoire

    * Émile Boga Doudou, (2002), Interior minister

    * Muhammad Ahmad alRashid, (2003), Saudi ambassador


    * Pompey the Great, (48 BC), Roman politician killed in Egypt

    * Germanicus, (19), Roman military leader, poisoned in Alexandria by Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso under orders from Tiberius

    * Al-Afdal Shahanshah, (1121), vizier of Fatimid Egypt

    * Al-Amir, (1130), Fatimid Caliph

    * Qutuz, (1260), Mamluk sultan of Egypt

    * Khalil, (1293), Mamluk sultan of Egypt

    * Jean Baptiste Kléber, (1800), French general, in Cairo

    * Boutros Ghali, (1910), Prime Minister of Egypt, by Ibrahim El-Wardan

    * Sir Lee Stack, (1924), Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, in Cairo

    * Walter Edward Guinness, Lord Moyne, (1944), the UK's Minister Resident in the Middle East; killed in Cairo by the Stern Gang

    * Ahmed Maher Pasha, (1945), Prime Minister of Egypt, in Cairo by Mahmud Issawy

    * Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi, (1948), Prime Minister of Egypt, by a member of the Muslim Brotherhood

    * Hassan al-Banna, (1949), founder of the Muslim Brotherhood

    * Anwar Sadat, (1981), President of Egypt

    * Rifaat al-Mahgoub, (1990), speaker of Egyptian parliament

    * Farag Foda, (1992), Egyptian politician and intellectual

    Equatorial Guinea

    * Atanasio Ndongo Miyone, Saturnino Ibongo, Bonifacio Ondó Edu, Armando Balboa, Pastor Torao and many others, (1969), Equatorial Guinean politicians, in murderous crackdown after coup attempt against President Francisco Macías Nguema


    * Tilahun Gizaw, (1969), Ethiopian student leader

    The Gambia

    * Deyda Hydara, (2004), journalist


    * Amílcar Cabral, (1973), Pan-African intellectual, in Conakry, Guinea


    * Pio Gama Pinto, (1965), socialist politician

    * Tom Mboya, (1969), Kenyan politician

    * Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, (1975), Kenyan politician

    * Robert Ouko, (1990), foreign minister of Kenya

    * Karimi Nduthu, (1996), opposition activist


    * Selometsi Baholo, Deputy Prime Minister

    * Makhele

    * Motuba

    * Seheri

    * Selala Sekhonyana

    * Sixishe


    * William R. Tolbert, Jr., (1980), president of Liberia killed in military coup

    * Samuel Doe, (1990), president of Liberia


    * Radama II of Madagascar, (1863), king of Madagascar

    * Richard Ratsimandrava, (1975), president of Madagascar killed just days after taking power in military coup


    * Eduardo Mondlane, (1969), leader of the independence FRELIMO movement, allegedly killed by the Portuguese branch of Gladio

    * Carlos Cardoso, (2000), Mozambican journalist


    * Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, (1999), President of Niger


    * Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, (1966), Prime Minister of Nigeria killed during military coup

    * Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello, (1966)

    * Adekunle Fajuyi, (1966)

    * Samuel Akintola, (1966)

    * Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, (1966), military head of state

    * Murtala Ramat Mohammed, (1976), President of Nigeria

    * Dele Giwa, (1986), journalist

    * Ken Saro-Wiwa, (1995), activist

    * Bola Ige, (2001), justice minister of Nigeria


    * Mlimo, (1896), Ndebele spiritual leader and instigator of the Second Matabele War; assassinated by Frederick Russell Burnham, an American scout.


    * Dian Fossey, (1985), primatologist, in the province of Ruhengeri; assassination probably planned by Protais Zigiranyirazo

    * Agathe Uwilingiyimana, (1994), Prime Minister of Rwanda killed one day after genocide began

    * Juvénal Habyarimana, (1994), His plane was shot out of the sky as it approached Kigali airport, and signalled the start of the Rwandan Genocide


    * Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, (1969), president of Somalia

    * George Adamson, (1989), British naturalist, at Kora

    South Africa

    * Shaka, (1828), king of the Zulus, near Stanger (now KwaDukuza) by Dingane and Mhlangana

    * Mhlangana, (1828), Zulu prince murdered by Dingane. Shaka, Mhlangana, Dingane, Mpande and others were half-brothers, sons of a Zulu chief Senzangakhona with different his different wives.

    * Hendrik Verwoerd, (1966), Prime Minister of South Africa, stabbed in parliament by Dimitri Tsafendas

    * Onkgopotse Tiro, (1974), South African student leader

    * Ruth First, (1982), anti-apartheid scholar and wife of Communist party leader Joe Slovo, by pro-apartheid "Koevoet" leader Craig Williamson

    * Vernon Nkadimeng, (1985), South African dissident

    * Dulcie September, (1988), head of the African National Congress in Paris, by South African Defense Force sergeant Joseph Klue

    * Chris Hani, (1993), leader of the South African Communist Party shot by Janusz Walus

    * Johan Heyns, (1995), prominent leader in the Dutch Reformed Church

    * Brett Kebble, (2005), controversial mining magnate


    * Cleo Noel Jr and George Curtis Moore, (1973), US Chief of Mission/Deputy Chief ot Mission (see Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)

    * Guy Eid, (1973), Belgian Chargé d'affaires (see Khartoum diplomatic assassinations)


    * Abeid Amani Karume, (1972), first President of Zanzibar, First Vice President of Tanzania


    * Sylvanus Olympio, (1963), first president of independent Togo, in a coup led by dictator Gnassingbé Eyadéma

    * Tavio Amorin, (1992), socialist leader (shot in Lomé, died in Paris)


    * Khalil Wazir ("Abu Jihad"), (1988), military leader of the PLO, in Tunis

    * Salah Khalaf ("Abu Iyad"), (1991), deputy leader of the PLO killed by Abu Nidal terrorists in Tunis, Tunisia


    * Benedicto Kiwanuka, (1972), Chief Justice of Uganda

    * Janani Luwum, (1977), Archbishop of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Boga-Zaire from 1974 until 1977


    * Herbert Chitepo, (1975), Zimbabwean nationalist leader


    * Attati Mpakati, (1983), left-wing Malawian politician

    Assassinations in the Americas

    Antigua and Barbuda

    * Daniel Parke, (1710), British governor of the Leeward Islands


    * Justo José de Urquiza, (1870), former president of Argentina

    * Pedro Aramburu, (1970), former president of Argentina executed by the Montoneros

    * Carlos Prats, (1974), Chilean general

    * Zelmar Michelini, (1976), Uruguayan senator

    * Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, (1976), speaker of the Uruguayan House of Representatives


    * Sir Richard Sharples, (1973), governor of Bermuda


    * Manuel Isidoro Belzu, (1865), President of Bolivia

    * Mariano Melgarejo, (1871), President of Bolivia

    * Che Guevara, (1967), Argentinean revolutionary leader

    * Juan José Torres, (1976), former President of Bolivia


    * João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque, (1930)

    * Adib Shishakli, (1964), Syrian military dictator

    * Chico Mendes, (1988), Brazilian environmental activist

    * Daniela Perez, (1992), Brazilian actress

    * Dorothy Stang, (2005), American nun killed by business interests

    * Pinheiro Machado,(1915), Brazilian politician

    * Leon Eliachar, (1987), Egyptian writer

    * Zuzu Angel,(1976), Brazillian activist

    * Wladmir Herzog,(1975), journalist

    * Paulo César Farias, (1996), Collor de Mello's campaign treasurer


    * Thomas D'Arcy McGee, (1868), Canadian father of Confederation

    * George Brown, (1880), newspaper editor and Senator

    * Sergio Pérez Castillo, (1968), Cuban diplomat killed by anti-Castro forces in Montreal

    * Pierre Laporte, (1970), Quebec Minister of Labour, was kidnapped and murdered by the FLQ

    * Atilla Alt?kat, (1982), Turkish diplomat assassinated by Armenian nationalists in Ottawa

    * Tara Singh Hayer, (1998), journalist killed by Sikh separatists


    * René Schneider, (1970), Chilean general

    * Victor Jara, (1973), singer

    * Jaime Guzmán, (1991), Chilean Senator

    * Edmundo Pérez Zujovic, (1971), Chilean ex Secretary of interior affairs

    * Salvador Allende, (1973), President of Chile (allegedly; may have committed suicide)


    * Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, (1948), Liberal Party leader

    * Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, (1984), Minister of Justice

    * Tulio Manuel Castro Gil, (1985), Superior Judge of the Bogota Circuit

    * Alfonso Reyes Echandía, (1985), President of the Supreme Court

    * Manuel Gaona Cruz, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Carlos Medellín Forero, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Ricardo Medina Moyano, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * José Eduardo Gnecco Correa, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Alfonso Patiño Roselli, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Pedro Elías Serrano, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Fabio Calderón Botero, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Darío Velásquez Gaviria, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Horacio Montoya Gil, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Fanny González Franco, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Dante Luis Fiorillo Porras, (1985), Supreme Court Justice

    * Hernando Baquero Borda, (1986), Supreme Court Justice

    * Jaime Ramírez Gómez, (1986), Head of Antinarcotics Police

    * Jaime Pardo Leal, (1987), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party

    * Guillermo Cano Isaza, (1986), Director of El Espectador newspaper

    * Carlos Mauro Hoyos, (1988), Chief District Attorney

    * José Antequera, (1989), Senator, member of the Patriotic Union party

    * Antonio Roldán Betancur, (1989), Governor of Antioquia

    * Valdemar Franklin Quintero, (1989), Chief of Police of Antioquia

    * Luis Carlos Galán, (1989), Presidential candidate, leader of the Colombian Liberal Party

    * Carlos Ernesto Valencia, (1989), Superior Judge of the Bogota Circuit

    * Jorge Enrique Pulido, (1989), notable Journalist and director of the JEP media network

    * Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa, (1990), Presidential candidate, leader of the Patriotic Union party

    * Carlos Pizarro Leongómez, (1990), Presidential candidate, leader of the M-19 party

    * Diana Turbay (1991), journalist and daughter of former Colombian president Julio César Turbay Ayala

    * Enrique Low Murtra, Minister of Justice

    * Myriam Rocío Vélez, Superior Judge of the Bogota Circuit

    * Andrés Escobar, (1994), International footballer

    * Manuel Cepeda Vargas, (1994), Senator, leader of the Patriotic Union party

    * Alvaro Gómez Hurtado, (1995), former presidential candidate and director of El Nuevo Siglo newspaper

    * Rodrigo Turbay Cote, (1996), Congressman, former president of the House of Representatives

    * Fernando Landazábal Reyes, (1998), Minister of Defense

    * Eduardo Umaña Mendoza, (1998), union leader and human rights activist, former advisor to the Patriotic Union party

    * Jaime Garzón, (1999), Notable journalist and satirist

    * Crispiniano Quiñones Quiñones (2000), retired Army general, former commander of the 13th Army Brigade

    * Isaias Duarte Cancino, 2002, Roman Catholic archbishop

    * Guillermo Gaviria Correa, (2003), Governor of Antioquia

    * Gilberto Echeverry Mejía, (2003), former Minister of Defense and peace advisor to the governor of Antioquia

    * Elson Becerra, (2006), International footballer


    * Antonio Guiteras, (1935), Revolutionary Socialist Leader

    Dominican Republic

    * Ulises Heureaux, (1899), president of the Dominican Republic

    * Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, (1961), Dominican Republic dictator

    * Orlando Mazara, (1967)

    * Flavio Suero, (1968)

    * Henry Segarra, (1969)

    * Amín Abel Hasbún, (1970)

    * Otto Morales, (1970)

    * Amaury Germán Aristy, (1972)

    * Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó, (1973)

    * Gregorio García Castro, (1973)

    * Florinda Soriano, (1974)

    * Guido Gil Díaz, (1974)

    * Orlando Martínez, (1975)

    * Narciso González, (1994)


    * Gabriel García Moreno, (1875), president of Ecuador known for his support of the Catholic church

    * Jaime Hurtado and Pablo Tapia, (1999), communist legislators, in Quito

    El Salvador

    * Manuel Enrique Araujo, (1913), President of El Salvador

    * Farabundo Martí, (1932), communist leader and peasant revolt organizer.

    * Roque Dalton, (1975), poet and revolutionary.

    * Rutilio Grande García, S.J., (1977), Roman Catholic priest

    * Mauricio Borgonovo Pohl, (1977), Foreign Minister, taken hostage and killed by guerrillas.

    * Alfonso Navarro Oviedo, (1977), Roman Catholic priest

    * Osmín Aguirre, (1977), former President of El Salvador

    * Ernesto Barrera, (1978), Roman Catholic priest

    * Octavio Ortiz Luna, (1979), Roman Catholic priest

    * Rafael Palacios, (1979), Roman Catholic priest

    * Alirio Napoleón Macías, (1979), Roman Catholic priest

    * Óscar Arnulfo Romero, (1980), Archbishop of San Salvador, by right-wing death squad

    * Enrique Álvarez Córdova, (1980) and five other leaders of the opposition Democratic Revolutionary Front ("FDR," for its Spanish initials), captured and killed by government aligned security forces.

    * Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Dorothy Kazel, and Jean Donovan, (1980), Roman Catholic nuns, by the National Guard of El Salvador

    * Albert Schaufelberger, (1983), senior U.S. Naval representative

    * Ignacio Ellacuría, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Ignacio Martin-Baro, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Segundo Montes, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Arnando Lopez, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Joaquin Lopez y Lopez, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army

    * Juan Ramon Moreno, (1989), Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, by Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadoran Army


    * Cirilo Flores, (1826), Vice President of Guatemala

    * José María Reina Barrios, (1898), President of Guatemala

    * Francisco Arana, (1949), presidential candidate

    * Carlos Castillo Armas, (1957), president of Guatemala

    * Karl von Spreti, (1970), German ambassador in Guatemala

    * Alberto Fuentes Mohr, (1979), Social Democratic Party leader

    * Manuel Colom Argueta, (1979), Mayor of Guatemala City

    * Jorge Carpio Nicolle, (1993), Liberal politician and journalist

    * Juan José Gerardi, (1998), Roman Catholic bishop

    * Mario Pivaral, (2006), UNE congressman

    * Clara Luz López, (2007), local council candidate


    * Michael Forde, (1964), PPP activist killed when a bomb he was removing from the party's bookstore exploded

    * Leo J. Ryan, (1978), US Congressman (D) from San Mateo, California; killed while investigating religious cult led by American Jim Jones

    * Walter Rodney, (1980), Guyanese historian and political figure

    * Satyadeow Sawh, (2006), Agriculture Minister was murdered along with his brother and sister, a security guard by masked gunmen dressed in military fatigues


    * Jean-Jacques Dessalines, (1806), Emperor of Haiti

    * Antoine Izméry, (1993), businessman and Lavalas supporter

    * Guy Mallory, (1993), minister of justice

    * Jean-Marie Vincent, (1994), Roman Catholic priest and Lavalas supporter

    * Jean Dominique, (2000), journalist

    * Jacques Roche, (2005), journalist


    * Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, (1966), president of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944


    * Francisco I. Madero, (1913), President of Mexico

    * Emiliano Zapata, (1919), revolutionary

    * Venustiano Carranza, (1920), President of Mexico

    * Doroteo Arango a.k.a. Pancho Villa, (1923), revolutionary

    * Felipe Carrillo Puerto, (1924), Governor of Yucatán

    * Álvaro Obregón, (1928), President-elect

    * Julio Antonio Mella, (1929), Cuban revolutionary

    * Leon Trotsky, (1940), Russian communist leader

    * Mauro Angulo, (1948)

    * Rubén Jaramillo, (1962), peasant leader

    * Enrique Camarena, (1985), policeman

    * Carlos Loret de Mola Mediz, (1986), Journalist and State governor

    * Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo, (1993), Roman Catholic Cardinal of Guadalajara, at the Guadalajara Airport

    * Luis Donaldo Colosio, (1994), Presidential candidate

    * Francisco Ortiz Franco, (1994}, contributing editor to Zeta.

    * José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, (1994), Secretary-General of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional

    * Paco Stanley, (1999), Comedian

    * Digna Ochoa, (2001), human rights lawyer

    * Mario César Ríos, (2007), congressional deputy


    * Benjamín Zeledón, (1912), Liberal revolutionary

    * Augusto César Sandino, (1934), Nicaraguan revolutionary

    * Anastasio Somoza García, (1956), President of Nicaragua

    * Rigoberto López Pérez, (1956), Assassin of Somoza García

    * Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, (1978), newspaper editor, Nicaraguan Somoza opposition

    * Enrique Bermúdez, (1991)

    * Carlos Guadamuz, (2004), Journalist


    * José Antonio Remón Cantera, (1955), president of Panama

    * Ruben Oscar Miró Guardia, assassinated on 12/31/1969.


    * Juan Bautista Gill, (1877), President of Paraguay

    * Anastasio Somoza Debayle, (1980), former President of Nicaragua

    * Luis María Argaña, (1999), vice president of Paraguay


    * Francisco Pizarro, (1541), Spanish conquistador, in Peru

    * Luis M. Sánchez Cerro, (1933), president of Peru

    * Antonio Miró Quesada, (1935), publisher of El Comercio


    * Bram Behr, (1982), Surinamese journalist, in the Decembermoorden

    United States

    * Joseph Smith, Jr., (1844), Mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois and presidential candidate

    * Abraham Lincoln, (1865), President of the United States

    * Thomas Hindman, (1868), Confederate General

    * James Hinds, (1868), U.S. Congressman killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan

    * Wild Bill Hickok, (1876), lawman and gunfighter

    * James Garfield, (1881), President of the United States

    * John M. Clayton (Arkansas), (1889), Congressman from Arkansas

    * David Hennessey, (1890), Police Chief of New Orleans

    * Carter Harrison, Sr., (1893), Mayor of Chicago

    * William Goebel, (1900), Governor of Kentucky

    * William McKinley, (1901), President of the United States

    * Frank Steunenberg, (1905), former governor of Idaho

    * Don Mellett, (1926), newspaper editor and campaigner against organized crime

    * Anton Cermak, (1933), mayor of Chicago

    * Huey P. Long, (1935), Louisiana senator and former governor

    * Walter Liggett, 1935, Minnesota newspaper editor

    * Carlo Tresca, (1943), anarchist organizer

    * Albert Patterson, (1954), Alabama Attorney General

    * Curtis Chillingworth, (1955), a Florida judge

    * John F. Kennedy, (1963), President of the United States

    * Lee Harvey Oswald, (1963), assassin of John F. Kennedy

    * Medgar Evers, (1963), U.S. civil rights activist

    * Malcolm X, (1965), black Muslim leader, killed in a Manhattan banquet room as he began a speech

    * George Lincoln Rockwell, (1967), founder of the American Nazi Party

    * Martin Luther King Jr., (1968), U.S. civil rights activist

    * Robert F. Kennedy, (1968), Presidential candidate and John F. Kennedy's younger brother, shot in Los Angeles

    * Fred Hampton, (1969), Deputy Chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party

    * Dan Mitrione, (1970), FBI agent and torture expert, killed by the guerrilla movement Tupamaros

    * Orlando Letelier, (1976), Chilean ambassador to the United States under the administration of Salvador Allende

    * Harvey Milk, (1978), gay rights campaigner and city supervisor of San Francisco, California

    * George Moscone, (1978), Mayor of San Francisco.

    * John Wood, (1979), first US federal judge killed in the twentieth century

    * Allard K. Lowenstein, (1980), Congressman from New York

    * John Lennon (1980), musician, activist, former member of the Beatles

    * Alan Berg, (1984), radio talk-show host, killed by Neo-nazis

    * Chiang Nan, (1984), Taiwanese-American writer, allegedly killed by Kuomintang agents

    * Alex Odeh, (1985), Arab anti-discrimination group leader, killed when bomb exploded in his Santa Ana, California office

    * Alejandro González Malavé, (1986), famous undercover policeman, in Bayamón, Puerto Rico

    * Tommy Burks, (1998), Tennessee State Senator

    * James E. Davis, (2003) New York City Councilman assassinated by Othniel Askew a political rival in the Council chambers in City Hall.

    * Chauncey Bailey, (2007), journalist


    * Bernardo P. Berro, (1868), Uruguayan president

    * Venancio Flores, (1868), Uruguayan president (on the same day as Berro, though in completely separate incidents)

    * Juan Idiarte Borda, (1897), Uruguayan president


    * Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, (1950), chairman of the military junta of Venezuela

    * Danilo Anderson, (2004), State prosecutor

    Assassinations in Asia


    * Habibullah Khan, (1919), emir of Afghanistan

    * Mohammed Nader Shah, (1933), king of Afghanistan since 1929

    * Mohammed Daoud Khan, (1978), president of Afghanistan killed in communist coup

    * Adolph Dubs, (1979), U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan

    * Nur Mohammad Taraki, (1979), communist president

    * Hafizullah Amin, (1979), communist Prime Minister of Afghanistan killed during Soviet invasion

    * Mohammed Najibullah, (1996), president of Afghanistan from 1986 to 1992, killed by the Taliban during the capture of Kabul

    * Ahmed Shah Massoud, (2001), leader of the Afghan Northern Alliance

    * Abdul Haq, (2001), Afghan Northern Alliance commander killed by remnants of the Taliban

    * Abdul Qadir, (2002), vice-president of Afghanistan

    * Abdul Rahman, (2002), Afghan Minister for Civil Aviation and Tourism

    * Abdul Sabur Farid Kuhestani, (2007), former Prime Minister of Afghanistan


    * Mujibur Rahman, (1975), president of Bangladesh

    * Fazlul Haq Mani, (1975), politician

    * Abdur Rab Serniabat, (1975), politician

    * Tajuddin Ahmed, (1975), politician

    * Syed Nazrul Islam, (1975), politician

    * Mohammad Mansoor Ali, (1975), prime minister

    * Khaled Mosharraf, (1975), coup organizer

    * Ziaur Rahman, (1981), president of Bangladesh


    * Jigme Palden Dorji, (1964), Prime Minister of Bhutan


    * Ieu Koeus, (1950), briefly prime minister of Cambodia in 1949


    * Sidibala, (1323), grand-khan of the Mongol Empire, Emperor of Yuan China

    * João Maria Ferreira do Amaral, (1849), Portuguese Governor of Macau

    * Ito Hirobumi, (1909), Japanese Resident-General of Korea, in Manchuria

    * Chen Qimei, (1916), revolutionary activist

    * Liao Zhongkai, (1925)

    * Zhang Zuolin, (1928), Manchurian warlord, by officers of the Japanese Guandong Army

    * Lu Huanyan, (1930)

    * Chen Lu, (1939), foreign minister of Wang Jingwei Government

    * Fang Zhenwu, (1941)

    * Han Guojun, (1942)

    * Wen Yiduo, (1946), Chinese poet and scholar


    * Cemal Pasha, (1922), former Ottoman Minister, in Tbilisi, by an Armenian or allegedly by either the NKVD or Cheka.


    * Brhadrata, (185 BC), last ruler of the Mauryan dynasty

    * Abul-Fazel, (1602), vizier of the Mughal emperor Akbar

    * Mohandas Gandhi, (1948), Independence leader

    * Indira Gandhi, (1984), Indian prime minister

    * Rajiv Gandhi, (1991), former Indian prime minister, son of Indira

    * Beant Singh(Chief Minister), (1995), chief minister of Punjab

    * Phoolan Devi, (2001), bandit queen turned politician and activist for people of lower castes

    * Abdul Ghani Lone, (2002), moderate leader of Kashmiri Muslims

    * General Arun Shridhar Vaidya, Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army from 1983 to 1986.


    * Xerxes I, (465 BC), Persian king killed by guards

    * Xerxes II, (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Sogdianus

    * Sogdianus, (423 BC), Persian king killed by his half-brother Darius II

    * Khosrow I, (238), Armenian king

    * Nizam al-Mulk, (1092), Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuk Turks

    * Nader Shah, (1747), Shah of Persia

    * Nasser-al-Din Shah, (1896), Shah of Persia killed by Mirza Reza Kermani

    * Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III, (1930), Iranian Diplomat and Politician

    * Abdolhossein Teymourtash, (1933), Iranian Statesman

    * Taghi Arani, (1940), Communist intellectual

    * Qazi Muhammad, (1947), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leader, in Mahabad

    * Ali Razmara, (1951), Prime Minister of Iran

    * Hassan Ali Mansur, (1965), Prime Minister of Iran

    * Mohammad Beheshti, (1981), killed along with 71 others in bombing

    * Mohammad Ali Rajai, (1981), president of Iran

    * Mohammad Javad Bahonar, (1981), Prime Minister of Iran, killed in bombing with Rajai


    * Gordian III, (244), Roman emperor, near Circesium (modern day Abu Sera) by his troops

    * Faisal II, (1958), King of Iraq

    * Nuri Pasha as-Said, (1958), Iraqi politician, and

    * Ibrahim Hashim, (1958), Jordanian politician, prime minister several times between the 1930s and shortly before his death - the previous three were all killed during the July 14 military coup in Iraq

    * Abdul Razak al-Naif, (1978), former Prime Minister of Iraq

    * Ali Garmaii, (1996), dissident Kurdish Iranian activist in Halabja

    * Mohammad Nanva, (1996), dissident Kurdish Iranian activist, in Sulaymaniyah

    * Aquila al-Hashimi, (2003), Iraqi Governing Council member

    * Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, (2003), ayatollah

    * Sérgio Vieira de Mello, (2003), UN Special Representative in Iraq

    * Waldemar Milewicz, (2004), Polish journalist

    * Mounir Bouamrane, (2004), Algerian-Polish TV operator, killed alongside with Milewicz

    * Hatem Kamil, (2004), deputy governor of Baghdad Province

    * Ezzedine Salim, (2004), chairman of the Iraqi Governing Council

    * Barawiz Mahmoud, (2005), judge on the Iraqi Special Tribunal

    * Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, (2005), Iraqi MP

    * Adel Koskh Khabar and three brothers, (2005), leader of al-Ghadr Brigade

    * Ihab al-Sherif, (2005), Egyptian envoy to Iraq

    * Sheik Abd-Al-Rahman, (2006), al-Zarqawi's spiritual advisor

    * Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, (2007), Sunni tribal leader


    * Hugh II of Le Puiset, (1134), count of Jaffa

    * Miles of Plancy, (1174), regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem

    * Conrad of Montferrat, (1192), King of Jerusalem, leader in the Third Crusade

    * Jacob Israël de Haan, (1924), pro-Orthodox Jewish diplomat

    * Chaim Arlosoroff, (1933), Zionist leader in the British Mandate of Palestine

    * Folke Bernadotte, (1948), Middle East peace mediator, assassinated by Lehi

    * Rudolf Kasztner, (1957), Hungarian Zionist leader, negotiated the Kasztner train with the Nazis

    * Sheikh Hamad Abu Rabia, (1981), Member of the Knesset

    * Yitzhak Rabin, (1995), Prime Minister of Israel and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize recipient

    * Rehavam Zeevi, (2001), Israeli general and politician


    * Emperor Sushun, (592), Emperor of Japan

    * The Sogas, (645), Japanese political family

    * Minamoto no Sanetomo, (1219), the third shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate

    * Mimura Iechika, daimyo, feudal leader in Japan

    * Matsudaira Hirotada, (1549), feudal leader in Japan

    * O-uchi Yoshitaka, (1551), daimyo, feudal leader in Japan

    * Oda Nobuyuki, (1557), Japanese samurai, younger brother of Oda Nobunaga

    * Ashikaga Yoshiteru, (1565), Shogun, feudal leader in Japan

    * Yamanaka Shikanosuke, (1578), Japanese samurai

    * Oda Nobunaga, (1582), samurai warlord

    * Shakushain, (1669), Ainu chief

    * Shimazu Nariaki, (1858), Japanese daimyo in Satsuma Province, now Kagoshima prefecture

    * Hashimoto Sanai, (1859), Japanese political activist

    * Ii Naosuke, (1860), Japanese politician

    * Tokugawa Nariaki, (1860), Japanese daimyo, a relative of Tokugawa shoguns

    * Yoshida Toyo, (1862), Japanese political activist

    * Charles Lennox Richardson, (1862), English diplomat, by Shimazu Hisamitsu's samaurai in Namamugi. Called the Namamugi Incident

    * Serizawa Kamo, (1863), a chief of Shinsen-gumi

    * Ikeuchi Daigaku, (1864), Japanese politician

    * Kusaka Gennai, (1864), Japanese politician

    * Sakuma Shozan, (1864), Japanese politician

    * Sakamoto Ryoma, (1867), Japanese author

    * Yokoi Shonai, (1869), Japanese political activist

    * Okubo Toshimichi, (1878), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Ito Hirobumi, (1909), First Prime Minister of Japan

    * Hara Takashi, (1921), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Hamaguchi Osachi, (1931), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Takuma Dan, (1932), zaibatsu leader

    * Inukai Tsuyoshi, (1932), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Takahashi Korekiyo, (1936), Prime Minister of Japan

    * Isoroku Yamamoto, (1943), Japanese Admiral

    * Inejiro Asanuma, (1960), Socialist Party of Japan chairman

    * Hitoshi Igarashi, (1991), translated The Satanic Verses into Japanese

    * Hideo Murai, (1995), one of the leading members of Aum Shinrikyo

    * Koki Ishii, (2002), Japanese politician

    * Iccho Itoh, (2007), Mayor of Nagasaki


    * Abdullah I, (1951), King of Jordan, when entering the Al Aqsa Mosque

    * Hazza al-Majali, (1960), Prime Minister of Jordan

    * Wasfi al-Tal, (1971), Prime Minister of Jordan

    * Laurence Foley, (2002), USAID official, by Al-Qaeda operatives


    * King Bunseo of Baekje, (304), King of Baekje during the Three Kingdoms of Korea

    * Queen Min of Joseon, (1895), the last empress of Korea

    * Lyuh Woon-Hyung, (1947), former head of People's Republic of Korea

    * Park Chung Hee, (1979), President of South Korea

    * Yuk Yeong-su, (1974), Wife of President Park Chung Hee and First Lady of South Korea

    * Lee Bum Suk, (1983), foreign minister of South Korea, killed along with several other South Korean cabinet members by North Korean agents while visiting Burma


    * Hardan al-Tikriti (1971) Former Iraqi defense minister and vice president


    * Raymond II of Tripoli, (1152), count of Tripoli

    * Philip of Montfort, (1270), Lord of Tyre

    * Sami al-Hinnawi, (1950), Syrian head of state

    * Kamal Jumblatt, (1977), Lebanese Druze leader

    * Tony Frangieh, (1978), Lebanese Christian leader

    * Bachir Gemayel, (1982), president-elect of Lebanon

    * Maya Gemayel, (1979), daughter of president-elect Bachir Gemayel

    * Rashid Karami, (1987), Prime Minister of Lebanon

    * René Moawad, (1989), President of Lebanon

    * Dany Chamoun, (1990), son of late president Camille Chamoun

    * Elie Hobeika, (2002), Lebanese militia leader

    * Rafik Hariri, (2005), former Prime Minister of Lebanon

    * Bassel Fleihan, (2005), Lebanese legislator and Minister of Economy and Commerce

    * Samir Kassir, (2005), Columnist at "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper, long a fiery critic of Syria

    * George Hawi, (2005), former chief of Lebanese Communist Party

    * Gibran Tueni, (2005), Editor in Chief of "An Nahar" daily Lebanese newspaper

    * Pierre Gemayel, (2006), Minister of Industry of Lebanon

    * Walid Eido, (2007), member of the National Assembly

    * Antoine Ghanim, (2007), member of the National Assembly


    * Sir Henry Gurney, (1951), was British High Commissioner in Malaya (1950 - 1951), killed by Malayan Communist Party guerillas

    * Sir Duncan Stewart, (1949), was Second Governor of Sarawak, a British Crown Colony (1946 - 1963), killed by the Rukun 13 members, Rosli Dhobie, Awang Ramli Mohd Deli, and Bujang Suntong


    * Aung San, (1947), Burmese nationalist leader

    * Thakin Mya, (1947)

    * U Ba Cho, (1947)

    * U Razak, (1947)

    * U Ba Win, (1947)

    * Mahn Ba Khine, (1947)

    * Sai San Tun, (1947)

    * U Ohn Maung, (1947)

    * Ko Htwe, (1947)

    * Kenji Nagai, {2007), Japanese Photojournalist


    * Birendra, (2001), King of Nepal (along with Queen Aiswary and 9 other members of the royal family)


    * Liaquat Ali Khan, (1951), Prime Minister of Pakistan

    * Meena Keshwar Kamal, (1987), Afghan founder of the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan

    * Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, 1988, 10-year President of Pakistan and 12-year Chief of Army Staff in a sabotage-induced aircraft crash.

    * Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, (1989), militant Islamist, near Peshawar

    * Fazle Haq, (1991), former governor of the Northwest Frontier province, Pakistan, from 1978 to 1985

    * Iqbal Masih, (1995), 13-year-old anti-child labor activist, in Rakh Baoli

    * Siddiq Khan Kanju, (2001), former foreign minister of Pakistan from 1991 to 1993

    * Benazir Bhutto, (2007), former Prime Minister of Pakistan, by unknown assassins

    Palestinian Territories

    * Yahya Ayyash, (1996), Hamas' explosives expert

    * Abu Ali Mustafa, (2001), leader of PFLP

    * Salah Shahade, (2002), leader of Hamas' military wing

    * Ibrahim al-Makadmeh, (2003), co-founder of Hamas

    * Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, (2004), leader and founder of Hamas

    * Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, (2004), leader of Hamas

    * Izz El-Deen Sheikh Khalil, (2004), Hamas operative

    * Adnan al-Ghoul, (2004), Hamas' explosives expert


    * Fernando Manuel de Bustamante, (1719), Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines

    * Diego Silang, (1763), early rebel leader

    * Andres Bonifacio, {1897},

    * Antonio Luna, (1899), a leader of the Filipino army during Philippine-American War

    * Julio Nalundasan, (1935), Ilocos Congressman, young Ferdinand Marcos tried but acquitted for the slaying

    * Jose Abad Santos, {1942), Supreme Court Chief Justice

    * Aurora Quezon, (1949), former First Lady of the Philippines

    * Ponciano Bernardo, (1949), mayor of then Philippine capital Quezon City

    * James Gordon, (1967), Olongapo City mayor

    * Juan M. Alberto, (1967), Catanduanes governor and GSIS president

    * Guillermo de Vega, (1975), Executive Secretary and Board of Censors head

    * Joe Lingad, (1980), former Pampanga governor

    * Benigno Aquino, Jr., (1983), senator and politician, leader of the opposition against Ferdinand Marcos

    * Cesar Climaco, (1984), famed mayor of Zamboanga City and prominent opposition leader

    * Evelio Javier, (1986), Antique governor and ally of then presidential candidate Corazon Aquino

    * Emma Henry, (1986), police officer and film actress

    * Elvira Mangahan, (1986), actress, host and fashion designer.

    * Rolando Olalia, (1987), head of the Kilusang Mayo Uno

    * Lean Alejandro, (1987), prominent student activist leader

    * Jaime Ferrer, (1987), Interior and Local Government Cabinet Secretary

    * Roy Padilla, Sr., (1988), Camarines Sur governor, father of Robin Padilla

    * James N. Rowe (1989), US Military advisor

    * Moises Espinosa, (1989), Masbate Congressman

    * Bonifacio D. Uy, 1989, Ilagan, Isabela mayor

    * Eduardo Batalla, (1989), AFP general

    * Oscar Florendo, (1990), AFP general and spokesperson

    * Francisco Abalos, (1992), Lanao del Norte governor

    * Jose M. Crisol, (1993), former Defense Department official, leading counter-insurgency tactician

    * Tito Espinosa, (1995), Masbate Congressman

    * Alberto Berbon, (1996), DZMM senior editor and journalist

    * Rolando Abadilla, (1996), controversial Marcos era military officer

    * Clarence Aragao, (1996), human rights lawyer

    * Marcial Punzalan, (2001), Quezon Congressman

    * Rodolfo Aguinaldo, (2001), former Cagayan governor and Congressman

    * Filemon 'Ka Popoy' Lagman, (2001), founder of the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP)

    * Romulo Kintanar, (2003), leader of the New People's Army (NPA)

    * Arturo Tabara, (2004), leader of Revolutionary Workers' Party

    * Henry Lanot, (2004), former Pasig City Congressman

    * Romeo Sanchez and Abelardo Ladera, (2005), local Filipino politicians and

    * William Tadena, (2005), clergyman with the Philippine Independent Church, by anti-NPA vigilantes

    * Marlene Esperat, (2005), Sultan Kudarat journalist and Department of Agriculture officer

    * Fausto Seachon, (2005), former Masbate Congressman

    * Amir bin Muhammad Baraguir, (2006), Sultan of Maguindanao

    * Renato Marasigan, (2006), Pasig police chief

    * Fernando U. Batul, (2006), DYPR broadcast journalist/commentator, former Puerto Princesa City, Palawan vice-mayor

    * Noli Capulong, (2006), Bayan Muna activist and pastor

    * Sotero Llamas, (2006), former Rebel Leader, activist and former governatorial candidate of Albay

    * Delfinito Albano, (2006), Ilagan,Isabela Mayor

    * Pablo Glean, (2006), Makati business manager and bodyguard of Makati Mayor Jejomar Binay

    * Alberto Ramento, (2006), bishop of Independent Church

    * James Bersamin, (2006), Board Member of the 2nd District of Abra

    * Luis Bersamin, (2006), Congressman of Abra

    * Federico Delgado, (2007), Citadel officer, businessman

    * Julia Campbell, (2007), Freelance journalist and U.S. Peace Corps volunteer

    * Jomel Bocalbos, (2007), Makati deputy chief of police (killed by robbers)

    * Alioden Dalaig, (2007), Law Department Chief and Director of COMELEC

    * Joseph Del Rosario, (2007), COMELEC Officer from Cavite

    * Wahab Akbar, (2007), Representative form Basilan


    * Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, (2004), separatist President of Chechnya from 1996 until 1997

    Saudi Arabia

    * Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf, (624), chief of the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir

    * Umar ibn al-Khattab, (644), second caliph

    * Uthman Ibn Affan, (665), third caliph

    * Faisal of Saudi Arabia, (1975), king

    Sri Lanka

    * Solomon Bandaranaike, (1959), Sri Lankan socialist prime minister, by Buddhist monk Talduwe Somarama

    * Alfred Duraiyapah, (1975), former Mayor, Jaffna, by Tamil Tigers

    * A. Thiagarajah, (1981), MP, Vaddukoddai, by PLOTE

    * V. Dharmalingam, (1985), MP, Manipay, by TELO aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * K. Alalasunderam, (1985), MP, Kopay, by TELO aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * A. Majeed, (1987), former MP, Mutur, by Tamil Tigers??

    * Vijaya Kumaratunga, (1989), movie actor turned SLFP-SLMP politician, by JVP.

    * Stanley Wijesundara (1989), Colombo University Vice Chancellor, by JVP.

    * V. Yogeswaran, (1989), former MP, Jaffna, by dissident group of LTTE aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * A. Amrithalingam, (1989), former MP, General Secretary, TULF, by dissident group of LTTE aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency

    * K.Gunaratnam, (1989), business entrepreneur, by JVP.

    * Rohana Wijeweera, (1989), founder of JVP, by Sri Lankan Armed Forces

    * T. Ganeshalingam, (1990), Minister, North East Provincial Council, by Tamil Tigers

    * Sam Tambimuttu, (1990), MP, Batticaloa, by Tamil Tigers

    * P. Kirubakaran, (1990), Finance Minister, North East Provincial Council, by Tamil Tigers

    * V. Yogasankari, (1990), MP, Jaffna, by Tamil Tigers

    * K. Kanagaratnam, (1990), MP, Eastern Province, by Tamil Tigers

    * Ranjan Wijeratne, (1991), Minister of State, Defence

    * Ranasinghe Premadasa, (1993), President of Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Ossie Abeygunasekara, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Dr. Gamini Wijesekara, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Weerasinghe Mallimarachchi, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * G. M. Premachandra, (1994), member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Gamini Dissanayake, (1994), Presidential candidate, UNP, member of Parliament Sri Lanka, by Tamil Tigers

    * Thomas Anton, (1995), Deputy Mayor, Batticaloa, by Tamil Tigers

    * Arunachalam Thangathurai, (1997), member of Parliament Trincomalee

    * Mohammad Maharoof, (1997), Member of Parliament (MP), Trincomalee, by Tamil Tigers

    * Sarojini Yogeswaran, (1998), Jaffna Mayor, by Tamil Tigers

    * S. Shanmuganadan, (1998), Member of Parliament (MP), by Tamil Tigers

    * Ponnudurai Sivapalan, (1998), Jaffna Mayor, by Tamil Tigers

    * Neelan Thiruchelvam, (1999), Member of Parliament (MP) and TULF leader

    * C. V. Gunaratne, (2000), cabinet minister, by Tamil Tigers

    * Joseph Pararajasingham, (2005), Tamil MP in Batticalo, by GoSL supported para-military Karuna Group

    * Lakshman Kadirgamar, (2005), foreign minister, by Tamil Tigers

    * Vanniasingham Vigneswaran, (2006), Tamil rights activist by by GoSL supported Karuna Group

    * Parami Kulatunga, (2006), army general

    * Nadarajah Raviraj (2006), Tamil National Alliance politician, by SL paramilitary Group

    * S P TamilSelvan (2007), Tamil Tigers Political Leader, by Sri Lankan Air Force aligned to Indian Intelligence Agency


    * Antiochus II Theos, (246 BC), Seleucid king

    * Seleucus III Ceraunus, (223 BC), Seleucid king

    * Seleucus IV Philopator, (176 BC), Seleucid king

    * Alexander Balas, (146 BC), Seleucid king

    * Antiochus VI Dionysus, (138 BC), Seleucid heir to the throne

    * Numerian, (285), Roman Emperor, by his father-in-law, Arrius Aper, in Emesa (modern-day Homs)

    * Zengi, (1146), ruler of Aleppo and Mosul and founder of the Zengid Dynasty

    * Abdul Rahman Shahbandar, (1940), Syrian nationalist


    * Hasan Fehmi, (1909), journalist, by government agents

    * Mahmud S,evket Pasha (1913), prime minister

    * Abdi I.pekçi (1979), liberal journalist

    * Kemal Türkler (1980), labor union leader

    * Nihat Erim (1980), former prime minister

    * Musa Anter (1992), Kurdish activist

    * Ugur Mumcu (1993), left-wing journalist

    * Hrant Dink (2007), Armenian journalist


    * Hans Imfeld, (1947), French colonial agent

    * Ngo Dinh Nhu, (1963), politician

    * Ngo Dinh Diem, (1963), first president of South Vietnam


    * Imam Yahya, (1948), King of Yemen

    * Ibrahim al-Hamadi, (1977), president of North Yemen

    * Ahmad al-Ghashmi, (1978), president of North Yemen killed by bomb along with envoy from South Yemen

    * Jarallah Omar, (2002), deputy secretary-general of Yemeni Socialist Party

    Assassinations in Australia and Oceania


    * John Newman, (1994), New South Wales state Member for Cabramatta

    * Ivens Buffett, (2004), Deputy Chief Minister of Norfolk Island

    New Caledonia

    * Pierre Declercq, (1981), Kanak independence leader

    * Éloi Machoro, (1985), Kanak independence leader

    * Marcel Nonaro, (1985), Kanak independence leader

    * Jean-Marie Tjibaou, (1989), Kanak independence leader

    * Yéiwene Yéiwene, (1989), Kanak independence leader


    * Luagalau Levaula Kamu, (1999), cabinet minister


    * Haruo Remeliik, (1985), president

    Assassinations in Europe


    * Avni Rustemi (1924), nationalist member of parliament


    * Archduke Franz Ferdinand, (1914), assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, who also killed the Archduchess Sophie

    * Karl von Stürgkh, (1916), Minister-President of Austria

    * Franz Birnecker, (1923), Austrian labour representative at Semperit

    * Engelbert Dollfuss, (1934), Chancellor of Austria

    * Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou, (1989), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leader, in Vienna


    * Julien Lahaut, (1950), chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium

    * Maximiliano Gómez, (1971), Dominican communist leader

    * Gerald Bull, (1990), Canadian developer of the Martlet cannon, in Brussels, Belgium (possibly assassinated by Israeli Mossad agents)

    * André Cools, (1991), Belgian politician


    * Stefan Stambolov, (1895), Prime Minister of Bulgaria

    * Aleksandar Stamboliyski, (1923), Prime Minister of Bulgaria

    * Lambo Kyuchukov, (1995), ex-Minister of education

    * Vasil Iliev, (1995), insurance boss, owner of "VIS-2"

    * Andrey Lukanov, (1996), former Prime Minister of Bulgaria

    * Ivo Karamanski, (1998), insurance tycoon

    * Lyubomir Georgiev Penev, (1999), majority owner of Nova Televizia TV

    * Velichko Todorov, (2000), leader of the People's Party in Pleven

    * Georgi Valkov Georgiev, (2001), European champion, karate

    * Nikolai Kolev, (2002), Supreme Court of Cassation prosecutor

    * Todor Matov, (2003), international wrestling referee

    * Iliya Pavlov, (2003), president of Multigroup corporation, the wealthiest man in Bulgaria

    * Stoil Slavov, (2004), "Interpetroleum and Partners" associate

    * Martin Elandzhiev, (2004), national kick-box champion

    * Shinka Manova, (2005), director of Customs Control

    * Emil Kyulev, (2005), banker, voted Mr. Economics in Bulgaria for 2002

    * Georgi Stoyanov Vasilev, (2005), Sofia city councillor

    * Ivan "Doktora" Todorov, (2006), businessman alleged of smuggling


    * Youssef El-Sebai, (1979), Egyptian writer, in Cyprus

    * Youcef Essalhi, (2001), 19 years old French fundamentalist shot dead in Cyprus by unknown gunman

    Czech Republic

    * Ludmila, (921), Wife of Duke Bor(ivoj, Grandmother of Duke Václav I

    * Václav I (Saint Wenceslas), (935 or 929), Duke of Bohemia

    * Václav III, (1306), King of Bohemia

    * Albrecht von Wallenstein, (1634), Czech general during the Thirty Years' War

    * Alois Rašín, (1923), Minister of Finances of Czechoslovakia

    * Reinhard Heydrich, (1942), a General in the Nazi German paramilitary corps and governor of occupied Czech lands


    * Erik V Klipping, (1286), King of Denmark


    * Bishop Henry, (1156), English bishop in Finland (according to a legend)

    * Eliel Soisalon-Soininen, (1904), attorney General

    * Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov, (1904), Governor-General of Finland

    * Heikki Ritavuori, (1922), Minister of the Interior of Finland


    * Charles d'Espagne, (1354), constable of France

    * Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, (1407)

    * John the Fearless, (1419)

    * Gaspard de Coligny, (1572)

    * Henri III, (1589), King of France

    * Henri IV, (1610), King of France

    * Jacques de Flesselles, (1789), Provost of Paris

    * Jean-Paul Marat, (1793), revolutionary

    * Marie François Sadi Carnot, (1894), President of France

    * Jean Jaurès, (1914), politician, pacifist

    * Gaston Calmette, (1914), editor of Le Figaro newspaper

    * Marius Plateau, (1923), secretary of Action Française

    * Paul Doumer, (1932), President of France

    * Louis Barthou, (1934), foreign minister of France killed along with King Alexander I of Yugoslavia at Marseille

    * Ernst vom Rath, (1938), German diplomat in France

    * Constant Chevillon, (1944), head of FUDOFSI, by Gestapo in Lyon

    * Camille Blanc, (1961), mayor of Evian

    * Mehdi Ben Barka, (1965), Moroccan socialist leader and Third-World Tricontinental leader, disappeared in Paris

    * Outel Bono, (1973), Chadian medical doctor and anti-Tombalbaye activist

    * Oktay Cerit, (1976), First Secretary of Turkish Embassy, by an unknown assailant. The Secret Armenian Army is suspected.

    * Henri Curiel, (1978), anticolonialist activist

    * José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana "Argala", (1978), Basque leader

    * Pierre Goldman, (1979), left-wing activist

    * Salah al-Din Bitar, (1980), Syrian Baath politician

    * Yehia El-Mashad, (1980), Egyptian atomic scientist.

    * Jean-Pierre Maïone-Libaude, (1982), right-wing activist and criminal

    * Pierre-Jean Massimi, (1983), secretary of the département Haute-Corse

    * René Audran, (1985), General

    * Georges Besse, (1986), Renault executive

    * André Mécili ("Ali Mécili"), (1987), Algerian opposition leader, in France

    * Dulcie September, (1988), African National Congress representative, in Paris

    * Joseph Doucé, (1990), activist for sexual minorities

    * Shapour Bakhtiar, (1991), Prime Minister of Iran briefly in 1979, stabbed to death at his home in France

    * Abdelbaki Sahraoui, (1995), co-founder of the Algerian Islamic Salvation Front, in Paris

    * Claude Erignac, (1998), prefect of Corsica

    * Didier Contant, (2004), journalist, grand reporter, former editor in chief of Gamma

    * Robert Feliciaggi, (2006), Corsican MP, in Ajaccio


    * Alexander Severus, (235), Roman emperor, near Moguntiacum (present-day Mainz) by his troops

    * Postumus, (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz

    * Laelianus, (268), Gallic emperor, in Mainz

    * Philipp von Hohenstaufen, (1208), Emperor, in Bamberg

    * Engelbert I. von Köln, (1225), Archbishop of Cologne

    * Konrad von Marburg, (1233), inquisitor

    * Johann Windlock, (1356), Bishop of Constance

    * Kaspar Hauser, (1833), purported son of Karl, Grand Duke of Baden

    * Kurt Eisner, (1919), Prime Minister of Bavaria

    * Talat Pasha, (1921), former Ottoman Minister of Interior Affairs, in Berlin by Soghomon Tehlirian

    * Matthias Erzberger, (1921), politician

    * Walther Rathenau, (1922), industrialist and politician

    * Dr Erich Klausener, (1934), Minister of Police

    * Gustav von Kahr, (1934), politician

    * General Kurt von Schleicher, (1934), advisor to Reich President Paul von Hindenburg

    * Salah Ben Youssef, (1961), Tunisian politician, in Frankfurt

    * Belkacem Krim, (1970), Algerian politician

    * Günter von Drenkmann, (1974), Berlin chief justice

    * Siegfried Buback, (1977), German attorney general

    * Jürgen Ponto, (1977), CEO Dresdner Bank

    * Hanns-Martin Schleyer, (1977), president of the German employers' organization

    * Heinz-Herbert Karry, (1981), Minister of Economy in Hesse

    * Ernst Zimmermann, (1985), industrialist

    * Karl Heinz Beckurts, (1986), Siemens executive

    * Gerold von Braunmühl, (1986), official in the German Foreign Ministry

    * Alfred Herrhausen, (1989), Deutsche Bank CEO

    * Detlev Karsten Rohwedder, (1991), director of Treuhandanstalt for former East Germany

    * Sadeq Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan, Nouri Dehkordi, (1992), dissident Kurdish Iranian political leaders, in Berlin (Mykonos restaurant assassinations)


    * Hipparchus, (514 BC), tyrant of Athens

    * Ephialtes, (461 BC), leader of the radical democracy movement in Athens

    * Alcibiades, (404 BC), Athenian general and politician

    * Philip II of Macedon, (336 BC), king of Macedon, by Pausanias of Orestis in Pella

    * Seleucus I Nicator, (281 BC), founder of the Seleucid dynasty, near Lysimachia

    * Cleon of Sicyon, (272 BC), tyrant of Sicyon

    * Tidas, (252 BC), tyrant of Sicyon

    * Archimedes, (212 BC), greek mathematician, was killed in syracusa, magna greece

    * Ioannis Capodistrias, (1831), first President of Greece

    * George I of Greece, (1913), king

    * Gregoris Lambrakis, (1963), leader of anti-fascist movement in Greece.

    * George Tsantes, (1983), U.S. military attaché in Athens

    * Nikos Momferratos, (1985), Greek newspaper publisher

    * William Nordeen, (1988), Tsantes successor as U.S. military attaché in Athens

    * Pavlos Bakoyannis, (1989), New Democracy politician

    * Costis Peratikos, (1997), Greek shipowner

    * Stephen Saunders, (2000), Brigadier and British military attaché in Athens


    * István Tisza, (1918), former premier of Hungary


    * Lord Frederick Cavendish, (1882), Chief Secretary for Ireland

    * Thomas Henry Burke, (1882), Permanent Under Secretary for Ireland

    * Tomás Mac Curtain, (1920), Lord Mayor of Cork

    * Michael Collins, (1922), President of the Provisional Government and "IRA" guerrilla leader during the Irish War of Independence

    * Kevin O'Higgins, (1927), Irish politician

    * Christopher Ewart-Biggs, (1976), British ambassador to Ireland

    * Lord Mountbatten of Burma, (1979), Admiral of the Fleet, last Viceroy of India

    * Rev. Robert Bradford, (1981), Unionist MP in Northern Ireland

    * Veronica Guerin, (1996), Irish journalist

    Italy (and former Roman Empire)

    * Titus Tatius, (748 BC), Sabine king, in Rome

    * Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, (579 BC), Etruscan king of Rome, in Rome by the sons of Ancus Marcius

    * Servius Tullius, (534 BC), Etruscan king of Rome, in Rome by Tarquin II

    * Tiberius Gracchus, (133 BC), Roman tribune, in Rome by Roman senators

    * Julius Caesar, (44 BC), Roman general and dictator, in Rome by members of the Roman Senate

    * Cicero, (43 BC), Roman orator, outside of Rome under orders from Mark Anthony

    * Caligula, (41), Roman Emperor, in Rome by Cassius Chaerea through a conspiracy with the Praetorian guard and the Senate

    * Claudius, (54), Roman Emperor, poisoned in Rome by his wife, Agrippina

    * Vitellius, (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Flavian army

    * Galba, (69), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders from Otho

    * Domitian, (96), Roman Emperor, in Rome by Stephanus, steward to Julia Flavia

    * Commodus, (192), Roman Emperor, killed in Rome by Narcissus the wrestler

    * Pertinax, (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Didius Julianus, (193), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Publius Septimius Geta, (212), Roman Emperor, in Rome by centurions under orders of Caracalla

    * Caracalla, (217), Roman Emperor, between Edessa and Carrhae (modern-day Sanli Urfa and Harran) by Martialis, possibly under orders of Macrinus

    * Elagabalus, (222), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard under orders of Julia Maesa and Julia Mamaea

    * Maximinus Thrax, (238), Roman Emperor, outside Aquileia by his troops

    * Pupienus, (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Balbinus, (238), Roman Emperor, in Rome by the Praetorian Guard

    * Volusianus, (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops

    * Trebonianus Gallus, (253), Roman Emperor, near Interamna by his troops

    * Aurelian, (275), Roman Emperor, near Caenophrurium (modern-day Corlu)

    * Florianus, (276), Roman Emperor, near Tarsus

    * Giuliano de' Medici, (1478), co-ruler of Florence

    * Martin Bovelino (Martino Bovollino), (1531), envoy of the Grisons

    * Pellegrino Rossi, (1848), Papal States Minister of Justice

    * Umberto I of Italy, (1900), king

    * Said Halim Pasha, (1921), former Ottoman Prime

    * Giacomo Matteotti, (1924), Italian socialist politician

    * Luigj Gurakuqi, (1925), Albanian independence leader, in Bari

    * Benito Mussolini, (1945), fascist Prime Minister of Italy

    * Enrico Mattei, (1962), Italian public head officer, head of Agip oil company, supported Algerian independence

    * Pier Paolo Pasolini, (1975), Italian writer, poet and film director

    * Aldo Moro, (1978), former Prime Minister of Italy

    * Giuseppe Impastato, (1978), Anti-mafia activist

    * Emilio Alessandrini, (1979), magistrate in Milano

    * Giorgio Ambrosoli, (1979), lawyer, liquidator of Banca Privata Italiana

    * Cesare Terranova, (1979), magistrate

    * Carlo Ghiglieno, (1979), Fiat manager

    * Italo Schettini, (1979), regional councillor of Democrazia cristiana

    * Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, (1982), General of the carabinieri, indirectly investigating on the death of Enrico Mattei

    * Rocco Chinnici, (1983), magistrate

    * Leamon Hunt, (1984), U.S. chief of the Sinai Multinational Force and Observer Group (assassinated in Rome)

    * Antonio Saetta, (1988), judge

    * Giovanni Trecroci, (1990), vice mayor of Villa San Giovanni

    * Giovanni Falcone, (1992), anti-mafia judge

    * Paolo Borsellino, (1992), anti-mafia judge

    * Salvatore Lima, (1992), mayor of Palermo

    * Pino Puglisi, (1993), priest

    * Massimo D'Antona, (1999), advisor of the Italian Minister of Labour

    * Marco Biagi, (2002), Italian Labor Ministry advisor


    * Fathi Shakaki, (1995), leader of Islamic Jihad


    * Count Floris V, (1296), murdered by fellow noblemen

    * William I of Orange, (1584), leader of the Dutch war of independence from Spanish rule (Eighty Years' War)

    * Johan de Witt, (1672), politician, and his brother

    * Cornelis de Witt, (1672), by an angry crowd

    * Pim Fortuyn, (2002), publicist and politician, leader of his political party

    * Theo van Gogh, (2004), film director, writer and critic


    * Ahmed Bouchiki, (1973), Civilian, mistakenly believed to be Ali Hassan Salameh, assassinated in Lillehammer by Israeli Mossad agents

    Ottoman Empire

    * Mehmed Sokollu, (1579), Grand Vizier of Suleyman the Magnificent

    * Osman II, (1622), Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

    * Mahmud Sevket Pasha (1913), Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire

    * Azmi Bey, (1922), former Ottoman Ittihat and Terakki Party member, by an Armenian

    * Celal Pasha, (1929), former Ottoman Minister for the Navy, in Istanbul, due to his role in the Armenian Genocide.


    * Stanis?aw Szczepanowski (1079), Bishop of Kraków (now a saint)

    * Gabriel Narutowicz, (1922), President of Poland

    * Franz Kutschera, (1944), German SS general and chief of police, by Polish resistance

    * Jerzy Popie?uszko, (1984), Polish priest, by the communist political police

    * Marek Papa?a, (1998), chief of the police, by the mafia


    * Viriato, betrayed to the Romans

    * Inês de Castro, (1355), posthumously declared Queen of Portugal

    * Fernando II, (1483), Duke of Braganza

    * Diogo de Beja, (1484), Duke

    * Carlos I of Portugal, (1908), King

    * Luiz Filipe of Portugal, (1908), Crown Prince

    * Sidónio Pais, (1918), President

    * Humberto Delgado, (1965), General, Presidential Candidate


    * Mihai Viteazul, (1601), Ruler of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania

    * Barbu Catargiu, (1862), Prime Minister of Romania

    * Ion Duca, (1933), Prime Minister of Romania

    * Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, (1938), politician

    * Armand Ca(linescu, (1939), Prime Minister of Romania

    * Nicolae Iorga, (1940), former Prime Minister of Romania, historian

    * Constantin Ta(nase, (1945), actor


    * Ján Ducký, (1999)


    Tomb of José Canalejas in the Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid.

    Tomb of José Canalejas in the Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid.

    * Juan Prim, (1870), Prime Minister of Spain and Governor of Puerto Rico

    * Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, (1897), Prime Minister of Spain

    * José Canalejas, (1912), Prime Minister of Spain

    * Eduardo Dato Iradier, (1921), Prime Minister of Spain

    * José Castillo, (1936, Socialist lieutenant in the Assault Guards

    * José Calvo Sotelo, (1936), right-wing politician

    * Federico García Lorca, (1936), Spanish poet and dramatist, by fascists

    * Mohamed Khider, (1967), Algerian politician, in Madrid

    * Melitón Manzanas, (1968), secret police officer

    * Luis Carrero Blanco, (1973), Spanish prime minister

    * Ricardo Tejero Magro, (1985), Spanish Central Bank director

    * Francisco Tomás y Valiente, (1996), former president of the Spanish Constitutional Court

    * Miguel Ángel Blanco, (1997), Basque politician, by ETA

    * Fernando Buesa Blanco, (2000), Basque politician and party leader

    * Ernest Lluch Martín, (2000), former Spanish minister


    * King Sverker I of Sweden, (1156)

    * King Eric IX of Sweden, (1160)

    * King Charles VII of Sweden, (1167)

    * Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, (1436), statesman, Regent of Sweden

    * King Eric XIV of Sweden, (1577), on order of his half-brother King John III of Sweden

    * King Gustav III of Sweden, (1792)

    * Axel von Fersen, (1810), statesman, Grand Marshal of Sweden

    * Andreas von Mirbach, (1975), German military attaché in Stockholm

    * Heinz Hillegaart, (1975), German diplomat in Stockholm

    * Olof Palme, (1986), Swedish prime minister

    * Anna Lindh, (2003), Swedish foreign affairs minister

    * Fuat Deniz, researcher in social science.


    * Berthold von Helfenstein, (1233), Bishop of Chur

    * Albert I of Habsburg, (1308), German King and Duke of Austria, by his nephew John Parricida, whom he had deprived of his inheritance, at Windisch on the Reuss River

    * Guichard Tavelli, (1375), Bishop of Sion

    * Pompejus von Planta-Wildenberg, (1621)

    * Jörg Jenatsch, (1639), in Chur

    * Rudolf von Planta, (1640), judge in lower Engadin, at the Umbrail pass

    * Rudolf von Planta-Wildenberg, (1641), at Rietberg

    * Josef Leu, (1845), Catholic politician from Lucerne

    * Elisabeth ("Sissi"), (1898), empress of Austria and queen of Hungary, in Geneva

    * Vaslav Vorovsky, (1923), Soviet diplomat assassinated in Lausanne

    * Wilhelm Gustloff, (1936), German leader of the Swiss Nazi party

    * Félix-Roland Moumié, (1960), successor to Ruben Um Nyobe at the head of the UPC, assassinated by the SDECE (French secret services)

    * Kazem Rajavi, (1990), Iranian opposition leader, in Geneva


    Main article: List of assassinated Turks

    * Necdet Bulut, (1978), university professor in Computer Science, by Grey Wolves in Trabzon

    * Dog(an Öz, (1978), Assistant district attorney of Ankara, by Grey Wolves in Ankara

    * Bedrettin Cömert, (1978), university professor in Art History, by Grey Wolves in Ankara

    * Bedri Karafakiog(lu, (1978), dean of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering at Istanbul Technical University, by Grey Wolves in Istanbul

    * Abdi Ipekçi, (1979), journalist, Editor-in-Chief of Milliyet newspaper, by Mehmet Ali Ag(ca in Istanbul

    * Kemal Türkler, (1980), Labor union leader, by Grey Wolves in I.stanbul

    * Nihat Erim, (1980), former prime minister of Turkey, by a Dev Sol operative in Istanbul

    * Gün Sazak, (1980), contractor and nationalist politician, by Dev Sol in I.stanbul

    * Muammer Aksoy, (1990), university professor in Law, by Islamist militants in Ankara

    * Bahriye Üçok, (1990), university professor in Islam Studies, in Istanbul, by Islamist militants

    * Çetin Emeç, (1990), journalist, Hürriyet newspaper, by Islamist militants in Istanbul

    * Turan Dursun, (1990), Islamic scholar, author, and journalist with a critical view of Islam, in Ankara, unresolved, most probably by Islamist militants

    * Musa Anter, (1992), dissident Kurdish Turkish activist and writer, in Diyarbak?r, unresolved, attributed to Turkish military intelligence (JITEM)

    * Ug(ur Mumcu, (1993), journalist, Cumhuriyet newspaper, by Islamist militants in Ankara

    * Onat Kutlar, (1995), writer, poet, founder of Cinemateque Istanbul, columnist for Cumhuriyet newspaper, attributed to Islamist militants in Istanbul

    * Konca Kuris,, (1998), Islamic feminist author, kidnapped and tortured to death by (Turkish) Hizbullah in Mersin

    * Ahmet Taner K?s,lal?, (1999), politician, Ankara University professor in Political Science, Cumhuriyet newspaper columnist, by Islamist militants in Ankara

    * Gaffar Okan, (2001), Police Commissioner of Diyarbak?r, by (Turkish) Hizbullah in Diyarbak?r

    * Necip Hablemitog(lu, (2002), university professor in History, in Ankara, unresolved, attributed to Islamist militants, German intelligence, or MOSSAD

    * Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, (2006), high court judge, Council of State (Dan?s,tay), by an Islamist lawyer in Ankara

    * Hrant Dink, (2007), Journalist, publisher of Turkish-Armenian newspaper Agos, in Istanbul, currently unresolved, but has been continuously threatened by Turkish ultra-nationalists

    United Kingdom (and predecessor states)

    * Carausius, (293), usurper of the Western Roman Empire

    * King Edmund I, (946), king of England, stabbed at a banquet

    * Edward the Martyr, (979), King of England

    * Thomas Becket, (1170), Archbishop of Canterbury

    * Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany (best known as Lord Darnley), (1567), consort of Mary, Queen of Scots

    * James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, (1570), Regent of Scotland

    * George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1628)

    * James Sharp, (1679), Archbishop of St Andrews, in Fife, near St Andrews

    * Spencer Perceval, (1812), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in London by John Bellingham; the only British prime minister to be assassinated

    * Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, (1922), British field marshal, retired Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Conservative politician

    * Paddy Wilson, (1972), Social Democratic and Labour Party politician

    * Ross McWhirter, (1975), co-author of the Guinness Book of Records and right wing political activist

    * Kadhi Abdullah al-Hagri, (1977), past prime minister of Yemen Arab Republic, killed in London

    * Georgi Markov, (1978), Bulgarian dissident

    * Airey Neave, (1979), British Conservative politician

    * Sir Norman Stronge (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician

    * Sir James Stronge, 9th Baronet (1981), aristocrat and Northern Irish politician

    * Rev. Robert Bradford, (1981), Unionist MP in Northern Ireland

    * Edgar Graham, (1983), Ulster Unionist politician.

    * Patrick Finucane, solicitor

    * Ian Gow, (1990), British Conservative politician

    * Rosemary Nelson, (1999), Irish Catholic solicitor and human rights advocate

    * Alexander Litvinenko, (2006) Russian critic of Vladimir Putin

    Serbia and Yugoslavia

    * Gallienus, (268), Roman emperor, near Naissus

    * Probus, (282), Roman emperor. Assassinated at Sirmium

    * Carinus, (284), Roman emperor. Assassinated at Margus

    * Julius Nepos, (480), Roman emperor. Assassinated near Salona (modern Solin).

    * Aleksandar Obrenovic' and Draga Mašin, (1903), king of Serbia. Assassinated in Belgrade.

    * Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie, (1914), killed by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, see: Assassination in Sarajevo

    * Milorad Draškovic', (1921), Yugoslav interior minister killed by Communist Alija Alijagic'

    * Alexander I of Yugoslavia, (1934), was king of Yugoslavia. Assassinated in Marseille, France.

    * ?uro Basaric(ek, Pavle Radic' and Stjepan Radic', (1928), Croatian MPs killed in the Parliament of Kingdom of SHS by Puniša Rac(ic'

    * Sekula Drljevic', (1945), Montenegrin nationalist

    * Ivan Kramberger, (1992), Slovenian presidential candidate

    * Irfan Ljubijankic', (1995), foreign minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    * eljko Ra natovic' ("Arkan"), (2000), Serb paramilitary leader

    * Pavle Bulatovic', (2000), defense minister of Yugoslavia

    * Boško Peroševic', (2000), Premier of Vojvodina

    * Ivan Stambolic', (2000), Serb politician

    * Zoran ?in?ic', (2003), Prime Minister of Serbia killed by organized crime groups


    * Mykola Leontovych (1918) - Ukrainian composer

    * Symon Petlura, (1926), Ukrainian political leader assassinated by Sholom Schwartzbard

    * Yevhen Konovaletz (1938) Ukrainian nationalist leader assassinated by Pavel Sudoplatov

    * Dmytro Revutsky (1942)- Academic

    * Lev Rebet (1957) - Ukrainian nationalist leader assassinated by Bohdan Stashinsky

    * Stepan Bandera (1959) - Ukrainian nationalist leader assassinated by Bohdan Stashinsky

    * Volodymyr Ivasiuk (1979) - Ukrainian composer

    * Vadym Hetman (1998) - Politician, banker

    * Georgiy R. Gongadze (2000) - Ukrainian journalist

    * Stepan Senchuk - (2005)

    Assassinations in Russia and the former Soviet Union

    * Peter III of Russia, (1762), Emperor of Russia

    * Paul of Russia, (1801), Emperor of Russia

    * Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich, (1825), military Governor of St. Petersburg

    * Nikolay Vladimirovich Mezentsev, (1878), Executive Director of the Third Section

    * Alexander II of Russia, (1881), Emperor of All the Russias

    * Dmitry Sipyagin, (1902), Russian Interior Minister

    * Vyacheslav Pleve, (1904), Russian Interior Minister

    * Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich Romanov, (1905), former Governor-General of Moscow

    * Peter Stolypin, (1911), Russian Prime Minister

    * Grigori Rasputin, (1916), controversial friar and mystic

    * Tsar Nicholas II and his family: Tsarina Alexandra, Tsarevich Aleksey, and the Grand Duchesses Anastasia, Tatiana, Olga and Maria (1918)

    * V. Volodarsky, (1918), revolutionary

    * Wilhelm Mirbach, (1918), German Ambassador in Moscow

    * Fatali Khan Khoyski, (1920), former Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, in Tbilisi

    * Simon Petlyura, (1926), Ukrainian independence leader

    * Sergei Kirov, (1934), Bolshevik party leader in Leningrad

    * Giorgi Chanturia, (1994), Georgian opposition leader

    * Vladislav Listyev, (1995), a Russian journalist and head of the ORT TV Channel

    * Dzhokhar Dudayev, (1996), first Chechen separatist President and anti-Russian guerrilla leader

    * Galina Starovoitova, (1998), influential politician, then member of Russian parliament (Duma)

    * Ruslan Chimayev, (1998), Chechen rebel politician

    * Otakhon Latifi, (1998), Tajik journalist and opposition figure

    * Vazgen Sargsyan, (1999), Prime Minister of Armenia

    * Karen Demirchyan, (1999), speaker of Armenian parliament

    * Leonard Petrosyan, (1999), Karabakh politician

    * Georgiy Gongadze, (2000), Ukrainian journalist

    * Valentin Tsvetkov, (2002), governor of Magadan

    * Sergei Yushenkov, (2003), Russian politician, in Moscow [1]

    * Yuri Shchekochikhin, (2003), Russian journalist, in Moscow [2]

    * Georgy Tal, (2004), leading Russian businessman

    * Paul Klebnikov, (2004), editor of the Russian edition of Forbes magazine

    * Akhmad Kadyrov, (2004), Kremlin-backed President of the Chechen Republic

    * Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, (2004), former President of separatist Chechnya

    * Aslan Maskhadov, (2005), President of separatist Chechnya

    * Anatoly Trofimov, (2005), former FSB deputy director

    * Elmar Huseynov, (2005), Azerbaijani journalist

    * Zhirgalbek Surabaldiyev, (2005), Kyrgyz MP and businessman

    * Magomed Omarov, (2005), deputy Interior Minister of Dagestan

    * Bayaman Erkinbayev, (2005), Kyrgyz MP

    * Altynbek Sarsenbayev, (2006), Kazakh politician

    * Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev, (2006), President of separatist Chechnya

    * Anna Politkovskaya, (2006), Russian journalist and human rights campaigner.

    Deaths under suspicious circumstances

    * Ivan Safronov, (2007), Russian journalist and columnist. Died after falling from the fifth floor of his Moscow apartment building

    * Yerzhan Tatishev, (2006), Chairman of the second largest bank in Kazakhstan Bank TuranAlem

    * Zamanbek Nurkadilov, (2005), Kazakh politician

    * John Garang, (2005), Sudanese politician and former rebel leader (suspicious helicopter crash)

    * Ehtiram Jalilov, (2005), Azerbaijani politician

    * Nicola Calipari, (2005), Italian intelligence agent (circumstances of the death are well-established; the motives are unclear)

    * Zurab Zhvania, (2005), Prime Minister of Georgia

    * Enrique Salinas, (2004), brother of former Mexican president Carlos Salinas. Found with a plastic bag over the head in a parked car

    * Yassir Arafat, (2004), Chairman of the PLO, conspiracy theorists believe that he was poisoned

    * George Bacchus, (2004), accused a Guyanese government minister of links to death squads

    * Iris Chang, (2004), author of The Rape of Nanking

    * Maj. Gen. Abed Hamed Mowhoush, (2003), Iraqi general, died in American custody

    * Dr. David Kelly, (2003), UK weapons expert, found dead after inquiry into Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, investigation into his death

    * Paul Wellstone, (2002), liberal Democratic United States Senator from Minnesota, killed in mysterious plane crash during his reelection campaign

    * Giorgi Sanaia, (2001), Georgian journalist known for opposition to government, shot in apartment

    * John Kaiser, (2000), missionary (officially recorded as a suicide but the evidence strongly suggests otherwise)

    * Christopher Notorious B.I.G. Wallace, ([1997]), victim of West coast and East coast war and subsequent police cover-up

    * Tupac Amaru Shakur, ([1996]), gunned down on Las Vegas strip

    * Kurt Cobain, (1994), lead singer and guitarist for the band Nirvana; apparent suicide (self-inflicted gunshot wound) in his home in Seattle

    * Juvénal Habyarimana, (1994), President of Rwanda, and

    * Cyprien Ntaryamira, (1994), President of Burundi, killed in mysterious plane crash; the resulting political instability led to the genocide in Rwanda and the outbreak of full-scale war in Burundi

    * Pablo Escobar, (1993), head of the Medellín Cartel

    * Zviad Gamsakhurdia, (1993), former president of Georgia - apparent suicide, though unconfirmed

    * Joseph Rendjambe, (1990), leader of the Gabonese Progress Party. Found dead of poisoning in a hotel owned by President Omar Bongo

    * Samora Machel, (1986), President of Mozambique, killed in air crash on the border of South Africa; Machel was a leading anti-Apartheid spokesman

    * Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, (1988), military ruler of Pakistan

    * Uwe Barschel, (1987), minister-president of Schleswig-Holstein

    * Roberto Calvi, (1982), CEO of Banco Ambrosiano, found hanged under Blackfriars Bridge in London

    * Eduardo Frei Montalva, (1982), president of Chile from 1964 to 1970

    * Mehmet Shehu, (1981), Prime Minister of Albania, death ruled a suicide but often believed to have been ordered murdered by Enver Hoxha

    * Omar Torrijos, (1981), brigadier general and president of Panama, died in a plane crash

    * Francisco Sá Carneiro, (1980), prime-minister of Portugal, died in a plane crash

    * Amaro da Costa, (1980), minister of defense of Portugal, died in a plane crash

    * Josiah Tongogara, (1979), died in a car crash on the eve of Zimbabwe's independence

    * Pope John Paul I, (1978), has been contended by author David Yallop to have been assassinated

    * Haile Selassie, (1975), Ethiopian emperor who was deposed and imprisoned a year earlier by the military after an eventful reign of over 40 years

    * Edmundo Bosio, (1975), dismissed Vice President of Equatorial Guinea

    * Aman Mikael Andom, (1974), Ethiopian military figure

    * Edward Mutesa, (1969), possibly from poisoning

    * Dag Hammarskjöld, (1961), United Nations Secretary General, killed in plane crash in Zaire, sabotage suspected

    * Camilo Cienfuegos, (1959), Cuban revolutionary, plane disappeared on flight from Camagüey to Havana

    * Barthélemy Boganda, (1959), Prime Minister of the Central African Republic, in a plane crash

    * Joseph Stalin, (1953), Soviet leader

    * Jan Masaryk, (1948), son of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk; Czech diplomat, politician and Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia

    * King Ananda Mahidol of Thailand, (1946), died of gunshot wounds; suicide, accident or assassination

    * Ghazi of Iraq, (1939), King of Iraq

    * Leon Sedov, (1936), son of Leon Trotsky, leader of the Trotskyist movement

    * Ottavio Bottecchia, (1927), Italian cyclist

    * S. L. MacGregor-Mathers, (1918), well-known magician and occultist, died of an unknown cause; it is known that he had many enemies

    * Ludwig II of Bavaria, (1886), King of Bavaria

    * Emperor Ko-mei, (1840), Emperor of Japan

    * Alexander I of Russia, (1825), Tsar. Died in the city of Taganrog in mysterious circumstances.

    * Napoléon Bonaparte, (1821), French general and emperor, died in exile on the island of Saint Helena possibly slowly poisoned by his 'sommelier' who would have been working for Louis XVIII

    * King Charles XII of Sweden, (1718), killed in action possibly by Swedes

    * Moctezuma II, (1520), Aztec emperor. According to Spanish accounts he was killed by his own people, according to Aztec accounts he was murdered by the Spanish

    * King Jean I of France, (1316)

    * King William II of England, (1100), killed by an arrow while hunting

    * Flavius Claudius Julianus, (363), Roman emperor

    * Carus, (283), Roman emperor

    * Tiberius, (37),Roman emperor, rumours he was suffocated, may simply have died of old age

    * Tutankhamun, (1324 BC), Egyptian pharaoh

    Source(s): Wiki
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Mohamed Boudiaf, Algeria

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  • Eric.
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    Bhuton, JFK, Lincoln

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  • 1 decade ago

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  • kja63
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

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