美奴
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美奴 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

關於‘Morpheme’定義的問題,請求語言學高手幫忙!

‘Morpheme’is generally defined as “The minimal units of meaning”.

1. Explain how this definition derives.

2. Based on your perception together with evidence, justify the statement to the extent that seems to be more completed.

Ask for a complete answer, thanks a lot !

1 Answer

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  • Hi^_^~
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    剛發現這題目似乎要過期了,很快地弄出 一個答案,不是很好。讓您參考就是了。

    ‘Morpheme’is generally defined as “The minimal units of meaning”.

    1. Explain how this definition derives.

    According to Americal Structural linguist Leonard Bloomfield (1933), a morpheme refers to a minimal unit which has a meaning associated with itself. In this approach, language analysed as a static arrangement of data consists of minimal units of form and meaning, each of which can be physically identified. The sentence The girls are happy is analysable into the morphemic string the + girl + s + are + happy. The 4-word sentence consists of 5 morphemes, all of equal status.

    2. Based on your perception together with evidence, justify the statement to the extent that seems to be more completed.

    Seemingly, Bloomfield’s definition can catch some generalizations of the word formation. However, there are still many problems unsolved. For instance, X-er means “the person who does X.” The examples that match the this X/X-er include bake/baker, sing/singer, etc. But how can this definition of morpheme explain the words, such as grocer or cooker? Another example that should be a big problem for the definition of morpheme is phonaestheme, such as –th in north and south. Can a phonaestheme be treated a morpheme? It seems that –th carries a meaning related to direction. All in all, "the minimal unit of meaing" definition for morpheme gives us a general idea about what a morpheme might be. However, it cannot capture all the linguistic facts.

    2008-01-04 04:58:48 補充:

    Bloomfield, Leonard. 1933. Language. New York: Henry Holt.

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