Justice asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

say 、speak 、talk三者的差異?

如題,

請問這三者使用上的差別為何?

請問還有其他的單字也有"說"的意思,

但是使用時機不同的嗎,有的話希望也能順便提出來^^"

Update:

哇..回答的太有效率了

3 Answers

Rating
  • Eric
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.指”說話的本能”時用speak與talk均可

    The baby is learning to talk (or speak).

    2.詢問對方懂不懂某種語言用speak,如果指主詞懂得或使用某種語言通常用speak,但也可以用talk表示”不怎麼好”的含義

    Do you speak English?

    They talk English together for practice.

    3.指主詞跟某人說話時用speak和talk均可,以後者比較通俗

    Can I talk to you for a few minutes about your sister?

    4.指彼此互相交談時用talk,若只是一人獨講或因故而不能講,用speak

    What are you talking about?

    5.正式發表演說用speak

    The President will speak on TV tonight.

    6.傳達別人(或自己)所說的話時用say或tell,但二者使用的時機不同

    (1)直接敘述之前別無其他受詞時,用tell

    She said, ”What do you want me to do?”

    (2)直接敘述裡若是命令句或敘述句,且引號之前另有某人做間接受詞時,用tell;也可用say to somebody

    I told them (or I said to them), “I’ve never seen this man before.”

    (3)不是疑問句的間接敘述之前若無受詞受say,若有用tell

    She said she loved me.

    She told me she loved me.

    7.tell通常都是先接間接受詞(人),再接直接受詞(事),但是在tell (somebody) a lie,tell (somebody) the truth等語裡的somebody可省略,其中中的tell都不可改用say

    I don’t think she’s telling the truth.

    8.tell加受詞之後接不定詞,表示命令或忠告,say、talk、speak都不可用於此種結構

    I told them to shut up.

    9.不是口說,而是信、書、報上說都用say,不可用tell、talk、speak

    The paper says that it might rain this evening.

    10.說出某一個字、某件事或某一句話的”說”都用say,不可用tell、talk、speak

    I came to say good-bye to you.

    11.tell可作”辨別”、”洩露(秘密)”、”顯示”講,say、talk、speak無此含義

    he cannot tell right from wrong.

    12.只說”說話”,沒有指出說啥話,用speak

    Speak up! = Speak more Loudly!

    13.說某人的好話或壞話用speak

    He always speaks well of you to my face.

    14.美語中,say之後可以接不定詞,含義是”說應該做某事”

    My teacher gave me a great deal of advice; he said to study hard.

    2007-12-26 10:17:49 補充:

    前面的

    tell the time不是"看時間"

    是指"看懂鐘錶上的時間"

    請看第7點

    2007-12-26 10:19:11 補充:

    He's seven years old and he still can't tell the time.

  • 1 decade ago

    say, speak, talk 用法說明

    say 1. 通常是一個人「講」什麼話的時候用

    2. 書、信、報章雜誌「報導」什麼內容,是用 say

    3. It is said (that) + 子句:「據說 …」,也可以寫成 People/They say (that) + 子句。

    4. "You can say that again." 完全同意對方所說的話。意思同於 "I agree."

    5. 告示牌上寫著內容,可以用 say 或 read。

    6. 動詞三態是 say said said

    speak 1. 多用在一個人「說」什麼語言

    2. 在電話中,現在是某某人在說話,"This is     speaking."。

    3. 動詞三態是 speak spoke spoken

    talk 1. 互相「討論」一件事情或彼此的「交談」會用到 talk

    2. talk/speak to 人:向 (人) 說話

    3. talk about 事:談論 … 事

    4. 動詞三態是 talk talked talked

    ※ talk 是不及物動詞,必須緊接介係詞 to;而 tell 則是及物動詞,可直接接受詞。

    2007-12-26 08:45:55 補充:

    附送 :

    tell 用法說明

    tell 1. 某個人「告訴」對方一件事或是一個故事

    2. tell a lie:說謊

    3. tell/speak the truth:說實話

    4. tell a story:說故事

    5. tell the time:看時間

    6. 動詞三態是 tell told told

    Good Luck, My friend

  • 1 decade ago

    1.tell a story/tell a lie/tell the truth

    2.speak 語言Do you speak English?

    3.say說出某件事 或某句話How can you say that?

    4.talk 說話交談I don't like to talk to that man.

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