Lynchings of Black?
Why did the lynchings of blacks rise in the period of 1890-1895?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
After the Civil War, lynching became particularly associated with the South and with the first Ku Klux Klan, which was founded in 1866.
The first heavy period of lynching in the South was between 1868 and 1871. White Democrats attacked black and white Republicans. To prevent ratification of new constitutions, the opposition tried to harass and prevent people from voting. Failed terrorist attacks led to a massacre during the 1868 elections, with the systematic murder of about 1,300 voters across various southern states ranging from South Carolina to Arkansas.
After this partisan political violence had ended, lynchings in the South focused more on race than on partisan politics. They could be seen as a latter-day expression of the slave patrols, the bands of poor whites who policed the slaves and pursued escapees. The lynchers sometimes murdered their victims but sometimes whipped them to remind them of their former status as slaves. White vigilantes often made nighttime raids of African American homes in order to confiscate firearms. Lynchings to prevent freedmen and their allies from voting and bearing arms can be seen as extralegal ways of enforcing the Black Codes and the previous system of social dominance. The 14th and 15th Amendments in 1868 and 1870 had invalidated the Black Codes. As white Democrats came back to power, they passed Jim Crow laws.
After years of terror, President Ulysses S. Grant and Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1871. This permitted authorities to use martial law in some counties in South Carolina, where the Klan was the strongest. At about this time, the Klan dissipated. Vigorous federal action and the disappearance of the Klan had a strong effect in reducing lynching. From 1868 to 1876, most years had 50-100 lynchings, but from 1877 to 1888, the toll ranged from 1 to 17 victims per year