我想問下有冇人知道加拿大的由來係咩?(要英文答案,有20點)

如何成立?

甚麽時候成立?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Capital Ottawa

    45°24′N, 75°40′W

    Largest city Toronto

    Official languages English, French

    Recognised regional languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Dëne Sųłiné, Cree, Gwich’in, Hän, Inuvialuktun, Slavey, Tłįchǫ Yatiì

    Demonym Canadian

    Government Parliamentary democracy (federal constitutional monarchy)

    - Monarch Queen Elizabeth II

    - Governor General Michaëlle Jean

    - Prime Minister Stephen Harper

    Establishment

    - British North America Act July 1, 1867

    - Statute of Westminster December 11, 1931

    - Canada Act April 17, 1982

    Area

    - Total 9,984,670 km² (2nd)

    3,854,085 sq mi

    - Water (%) 8.92 (891,163 km²)

    Population

    - 2007 estimate 33,122,700[1] (36th)

    - 2006 census 31,612,897

    - Density 3.2/km² (219th)

    8.3/sq mi

    GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate

    - Total $1.165 trillion (11th)

    - Per capita $35,600 (10th)

    GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate

    - Total $1.089 trillion (8th)

    - Per capita $32,614 (16th)

    HDI (2007) 0.961 (high) (4th)

    Currency Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)

    Time zone (UTC-3.5 to -8)

    - Summer (DST) (UTC-2.5 to -7)

    Internet TLD .ca

    Calling code +1

    Canada portal

    A federation now comprising ten provinces and three territories, Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship.

    The English established fishing outposts in Newfoundland around 1610 and colonized the Thirteen Colonies to the south. A series of four Intercolonial Wars erupted between 1689 and 1763. Mainland Nova Scotia came under British rule with the Treaty of Utrecht (1713); the Treaty of Paris (1763) ceded Canada and most of New France to Britain following the Seven Years' War.

    The Death of General Wolfe on the Plains of Abraham at Quebec in 1759, part of the Seven Years' War.The Royal Proclamation (1763) carved the Province of Quebec out of New France and annexed Cape Breton Island to Nova Scotia. It also restricted the language and religious rights of French Canadians. In 1769, St. John's Island (now Prince Edward Island) became a separate colony. To avert conflict in Quebec, the Quebec Act of 1774 expanded Quebec's territory to the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley, and re-established the French language, Catholic faith, and French civil law in Quebec; it angered many residents of the Thirteen Colonies, helping to fuel the American Revolution.The Treaty of Paris (1783) recognized American independence and ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. Approximately 50,000 United Empire Loyalists fled the United States to Canada. New Brunswick was split from Nova Scotia as part of a reorganization Loyalist settlements in the Maritimes. To accommodate English-speaking Loyalists in Quebec, the Constitutional Act of 1791 divided the province into French-speaking Lower Canada and English-speaking Upper Canada, granting each their own elected Legislative Assembly.

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