Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會及文化語言 · 1 decade ago

definite/indefinite pronoun

how to define whether a pronoun is definite or indefinite?

thz

1 Answer

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  • Icarus
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    什麼是指定代名詞 (definite pronouns)?指定代名詞是用來代替確定的事物的代名詞。

    Definite pronouns indicate that someone or something is uniquely identifiable in the context of the text or the speech act.

    Personal pronouns: I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it, we, us, they, them.

    Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, those

    Reflexive pronouns: myself, himself, herself, themself

    Relative pronouns: relative who, which

    什麼是不定代名詞?不定代名詞是用來代替不確定的事物的代名詞。用來代替的事物是確定或不確定區分了definte pronouns 及 indefinite pronouns。

    常見的有:

    不定代名詞

    中文含意

    one

    一個人 / 一樣東西

    each

    各人 / 各樣東西

    both

    兩個人 / 兩樣東西

    either

    兩人中任一人 / 兩物中任一物

    neither

    非兩人中任一人 / 非兩物中任一物

    another

    另一人 / 另一物

    other

    另外的人 / 另外的物

    any

    任一人 / 任一物

    several

    幾個人 / 幾樣東西

    some

    一些人 / 一些東西

    many

    很多人 / 很多東西

    all

    所有人 / 所有東西

    none

    沒有人 / 沒有東西

    each other

    彼此兩人 / 彼此兩物

    one another

    彼此三(或以上)人/ 彼此三(或以上)物

    everybody

    每個人

    nobody

    沒有人

    anybody

    任一人

    somebody

    有些人

    everything

    每樣物

    nothing

    沒有物

    anything

    任一物

    something

    有些物1. one 例如: One should do one's duty. I have lost my watch. I must buy one.﹝單數﹞ Give me apples. I want big ones.﹝複數﹞2. each 例如: Each of them has his own duty. He had words of encouragement for each of us. She cuts the cake into pieces and gives one to each of the children.3. both 例如: Both of us are well. Why not use both? ( = why do you not use both? )4. either 例如: Either will do. He has lived in Mongkok and Yau Ma Tei but he doesn't like either.5. Neither 例如: Neither of them knows. Neither of the accusations is true.6. Another 例如: Another of them will go. This pencil will not do, give me another.7. other 例如: I don't like this one, show me the other. One is a boy and the others are girls.8. any 例如: Can any of you tell? I don't want any of these books.9. several 例如: Several were absent yesterday. Several of the apples are bad.10. some 例如: Some agree with us. Some agree to the plan. * 同意人用 "agree with";同意計劃、建議等用 "agree to"。 11. many 例如: Many of us like reading. I did not find many.12. all 例如: All enjoyed themselves. All is over.13. None 例如: Once I had a lover but now I have none. None of these is a typical case.14. each other 例如: They hate each other. The two dogs look at each other.15. one another 例如: They all love one another.16. everybody 例如: Everybody knows it.17. nobody 例如: Nobody knows it.18. anybody例如: Did you meet anybody?19. somebody 例如: Yes, I met somebody.20. everything 例如: I don't know everything.21. nothing例如: I know nothing.22. anything 例如: Do you know anything about him?23. something

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