Winnie asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

speaking of的用法~~

請問下兩句一句英文, 哪一句文法才是正確的:

1. It would be hard to deny the educational value of learning English,

mathematics, piano or painting in the development of a child's

personality and temperament, but speaking of the successful future

those extra classes might bring about, it merits a second thought.

2. It would be hard to deny the educational value of learning English,

mathematics, piano or painting in the development of a child's

personality and temperament, but speaking of the successful future

those extra classes might bring about merits a second thought.

不同之處在於後面but speaking of....的那一句話.

請熟悉英文文法的指點迷津, 並說明理由喔!!

thanks~~

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    第一個例子是合理的,speaking of後面引導的部分是當作一個獨立分詞構句來使用。

    speaking of the successful future those extra classes might bring about 是個表示條件的獨立分詞構句,如果把它還原成一般正常的子句時,是這樣寫的:

    If we speak of the successful future those extra classes might bring about.

    中文:如果我們要談到這些額外的課程所能(為學生)帶來的成功的將來的話。

    它的主詞 we 跟後面的 It merits a second thought(這事情值得重新思考)不一致,所以是獨立分詞構句。但是因為獨立分詞構句中的主詞如果是we, you , on等泛稱的主詞的時候,是可以省略的。中文裡也可以理解這種情況,我們通成就說「如果說」就可以了,而不需要寫成「如果我們說」,「如果你說」,「如果人們說」等等。

    所以整個句子原本是這樣的:

    It merits a second thought if we speak of the successful future those extra classes might bring about.

    (如果要談到這些額外的課程所能(為學生)帶來的成功的將來的話,這事情值得我們重新思考。)

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    第二個句子不合理,因為它試圖把speaking of 所引導的部分當作一個動名詞,並當作動詞 merit 的主詞來使用。

    Speaking of the successful future those extra classes might bring about merits a second thought.

    談到這些額外的課程所能(為學生)帶來的成功的將來這件事值得重新思考。

    以上這樣的句子是謬誤的,因為這裡我們要表達的是「這些課程對學生是否有用」這件事情值得思考,而不是「『講不講』,『談不談』未來的成功」這件事情值得思考。

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    所以正確解答是:第一個句子才是對的!

    你的問題破題破得很好,的確關鍵在於speaking of這個片語所扮演的角色,它到底是作為分詞構句的形式,還是當作一個動名詞,大大的影響了句子的意思,也決定了句型的正確性。

    Source(s): 十幾年的翻譯經驗+答題前三個小時的瀏覽網頁例句
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