Well, err geographically and historically it has always existed. In fact the oldest human remains have been found in SA, the KhoiSan peoples have lived in Southern Africa forever, the Bantu peoples arrived around 600AD from the Congo area. The Portuguese first sailed round the Cape in the 15th century, De Gama and Diaz. The Dutch East India Company founded a refreshing station at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652 and so on. In the 19th centuries various Boer republics, Freestate (OFS), Transvaal (ZAR), Natal and the Cape Colony under British rule existed, the Boer wars and Zulu wars put an end to that and the whole of South Africa became part of the British Empire. Poltically the present day borders and administration of South Africa came into being with the creation of the British Dominion of the Union of South Africa- we were also a USA!!!!! South Africa became a republic in the 1960's and the first pan-democratic elections were in 1994, the birth of the "New South Africa".