Aside from the items listed in (temporalMetropolis)'s post, there's also:
- - - In 1604, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement north of Florida at Port Royal.
- - - In 1867 Nova Scotia was one of the founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation, along with New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada (which became the separate provinces of Quebec and Ontario).
- - - The province's mainland is the Nova Scotia peninsula. It is the ONLY province surrounded by an ocean (the Atlantic). Nowhere on the mainland of Nova Scotia is more than 67 km (40 mi) from the ocean.
- - - Sable Island, a small island notorious for its shipwrecks, (which is why it's referred to as "The Graveyard of the Atlantic") is part of Nova Scotia and is located approximately 175 km (95 nm) from the province's southern coast.
- - - Nova Scotia's music and culture is influenced by several well established cultural groups, that are sometimes referred to as the "Founding Cultures" (the original native population of Mi'kmaq, the French, the English, the Irish, and the Scots).
- - - The TV program Trailer Park Boys takes place and is filmed in Nova Scotia.
- - - A motion passed by the Nova Scotia House of Assembly in 1868 refusing to recognise the legitimacy of Confederation has never been rescinded.
- - - Canadian Gaelic (Gaelic: Gàidhlig Chanaideanach, locally just Gaelic or The Gaelic) is the dialect of Scots Gaelic that has been spoken continuously for more than 200 years on Cape Breton Island and in isolated enclaves on the Nova Scotia mainland ... the most continuous use of Gaelic outside Scotland itself.