Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Politics & GovernmentLaw & Ethics · 1 decade ago

Supreme Court cases that set precedence?

What are some Supreme Court cases that set precedence, and changed the way we interpret the Constitution?

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  • qb
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    here are the 21 most important according to this site:

    Assembled here for your information are descriptions of 21 of the most important Supreme Court decisions in history. The topics they cover range from affirmative action to voting to abortion, and they're listed in chronological order here for easier selection. Enjoy!

    Marbury v. Madison (1803) -- The Supreme Court's keystone power of Judicial Review was established by this case.

    McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) -- A conflict arose between a state government and the Federal government, with the state government being declared subordinate to the Federal government where laws conflict.

    Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) -- In this case the Supreme Court gave a wide definition to Congress' power to "regulate commerce... among the several states."

    Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) -- Slaves were classified as property. This case fueled the flames that began the Civil War.

    Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) -- This famous case laid the groundwork for the "separate but equal doctrine" that limited the rights of minorities for decades.

    Schenck v. United States (1919) -- "Clear and Present Danger" was established in this case as an acceptable reason for the limiting of free expression.

    Gitlow v. New York (1925) -- The Supreme court began in this case to identify the rights that were protected by the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

    Powell v. Alabama (1932) -- The Supreme Court ruled here that the right to counsel was required by law in death penalty trials.

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) -- A tremendous step in the direction of equal rights for all citizens.

    NAACP v. Alabama (1958) -- Freedom of association (the right to assemble in groups) was protected here.

    Mapp v. Ohio (1961) -- The exclusionary rule was applied to state and local criminal prosecutions.

    Abington School District v. Schempp (1963) -- Prayer in classrooms was determined to be in violation of the First Amendment.

    Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) -- Free legal counsel was established in this case to be necessary in case the defendent in any criminal case cannot afford it.

    Wesberry v. Sanders (1964) -- The Supreme Court declared here that each person's vote carries equal measure.

    Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) -- Marital privacy (specifically, the use of contraceptives) was protected by this case.

    Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections (1966) -- Poll taxes were made illegal for state elections, as they violated the Equal Protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

    Miranda v. Arizona (1966) -- The rights of the accused were upheld by this ruling.

    In Re Gault (1967) -- Children were granted some of the rights in criminal cases protected by the Bill of Rights.

    Roe v. Wade (1973) -- In this highly controversial case the Supreme Court laid down what states can and cannot control in regards to abortions.

    United States v. Nixon (1974) -- The President's "Executive Priviledge" was limited by this case.

    Regents of the University of California at Davis v. Bakke (1978) -- Affirmative action was dealt a blow by this case.

    I think Gibbons v. Ogden was huge. It paved the way for tremendous expansion of federal powers to regulate the states, its citizens and laws.

    Marbury v. Madison is the first one taught in con law bc it paved the way for the us sup ct being the ultimate arbiter of what is and is not constitutional (rather than the states, the legislative or executive branch of the federal government).

    Gitlow v. New York is huge bc it began the court's movement of applying federal laws limited to the federal government to the states. many people don't know the bill of rights only applies to the federal government as written but the court has found that it applies to the states, and has slowly applied rights not specifically enumerated in the bill of rights as well based on the 'liberty interest' stated in the due process clause of the 5th and 14 amendments--e.g., abortion. This has led to heated debate about the Court's powers in this country.

    There are many others but this is a good start.

  • stolp
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    Should not have the cases---however the supreme court docket has used the 14th amendment to justify their rulings and set many precedent circumstances now utilized in law. What about present circumstances on the docket of the supreme court with the intention to be precedent setting? There are 2 that if heard would be the predominant in my lifetime--Docket quantity 07-680 and 07-681.

  • harren
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    have not got the situations---however the ideally suited court docket has used the 14th replace to justify their rulings and set many precedent situations now utilized in regulation. What approximately recent situations on the docket of the ideally suited court docket which would be precedent putting? There are 2 that if heard stands out as the main crucial in my lifetime--Docket quantity 07-680 and 07-681.

  • 1 decade ago

    Miranda v. Arizona

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