Difference between "dans" and "en" in French?

Ok, I want to use "en" to say in something. Why is this wrong? Why does my teacher insist on using "dans"? Please help.

Update:

uhhh, how do I give out a "best answer"

8 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The prepositions en and dans can both be used to express time and location in French, but their uses are completely different.

    En expresses the length of time an action takes. Note that this means the verb is usually in the present or past.

    Examples:

    Je peux faire le lit en 5 minutes. I can make the bed in 5 minutes.

    Il a lu le livre en une heure. He read the book in an hour.

    J'ai appris à danser en un an. I learned how to dance in a year.

    En is used to express the month, season,* or year in which an action takes place (calendar vocabulary):

    Examples:

    Nous voyageons en avril. We travel in April.

    Il arrivera en hiver. He will arrive in the winter.

    *Except au printemps

    En also means to or in with some states, provinces, and countries:

    Examples:

    J'habite en Californie I live in California

    Je vais en France I'm going to France

    Dans indicates the amount of time before which an action will occur in the future. Note that this means the verb is usually in the present or future.

    Examples:

    Nous partons dans dix minutes. We're leaving in 10 minutes.

    Il reviendra dans une heure. He'll be back in an hour.

    Elle va commencer dans une semaine. She's going to start in a week.

    Dans refers to something that occurs within a decade:

    Example:

    Dans les années soixantes... In the sixties...

    Dans also means to or in with some states and provinces:

    Examples:

    J'habite dans le Maine I live in Maine

    Je vais dans l'Ontario I'm going to Ontario

  • 1 decade ago

    En expresses the length of time an action takes. Note that this means the verb is usually in the present or past.

    whereas

    Dans indicates the amount of time before which an action will occur in the future. Note that this means the verb is usually in the present or future.

    En is used to express the month, season, or year in which an action takes place (calendar vocabulary)

    whereas

    Dans refers to something that occurs within a decade

    En and Dans can both be used in states and provinces but only en can be used for countries.

  • 5 years ago

    You just have to know your French - a bit like knowing masculine and feminine nouns. But on the whole if you can replace the in with inside or within then it is "dans" and if you can t then it s "en". So I m travelling in April - you wouldn t say "inside April" so it s Je voyage en Avril. I live in France - again not inside France - Je vis en France. I learned to dance in a year, you could say I learned to dance within a year - so J ai appris a danser dans un an. Simple things like "the cat is in the bag", le chat est dans le sac.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    in French, dans is feminine for in, and en is masculine for in.

    For example: since une dame (french word for lady) is feminine,

    if you are trying to say "in the lady" ( i guess this is kind of a bad example) you would say "dans la dame"

    And to give out a best answer you just have to wait about 4 hours and eventually next to each answer a little button that says "choose as best answer" will appear and you just click on it

    Source(s): I speak French
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  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    these answere's are too complicated, its simple

    DANS is inside

    EX:he is inside the plane

    EN: is in

    EX:he will be ready in 5 minutes,because

    here we can not use inside,

    he will be ready inside 5 minutes,which is a wrong sentence

  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    Difference between "dans" and "en" in French?

    Ok, I want to use "en" to say in something. Why is this wrong? Why does my teacher insist on using "dans"? Please help.

    Source(s): difference quot dans quot quot en quot french: https://biturl.im/X9eid
  • Tammy
    Lv 4
    5 years ago

    The three different ways of saying 'my' are 'mon', 'ma' and 'mes'. -Mon is used when talking about a masculine object -Ma is used when talking about a feminine object -Mes is used when talking about more than one object (plural) So, as 'livre' is a masculine word, the correct grammar for the sentence would be 'C'est mon livre'. Hope this helps :)

  • 1 decade ago

    dans means 'in' im sure of that but im not sure maybe en means two different things

    im clearly not going to be much help here sry lol

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