pre-apartheid in south africa?
hey does anyone know any sites that discuss the british rule in south africa in the pre-apartheid era? and what role did immigration play as well? please help! and also, leave the site you found teh info on! thanks
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Apartheid (meaning apartness in Afrikaans, cognate to English apart and -hood) was a system of legalised racial segregation enforced by the National Party (NP) South African government between 1948 and 1994. Its roots were in South Africa’s earlier policies of separation. It was dismantled in a series of negotiations from 1990 to 1993, culminating in elections in 1994, the first in South Africa with universal suffrage.
Apartheid legislation classified South Africa's inhabitants and visitors into racial groups (Black, White, Coloured and Indian) and then separated people using this arbitrary and unscientific classification, allocating grossly unequal civil rights.
Blacks were stripped of their citizenship, legally becoming citizens of one of ten, theoretically sovereign, bantustans (homelands). The government created the homelands out of the territory of Black Reserves founded during the British Empire period. These, reserves were akin to the US Indian Reservation, Canadian First Nations reserves, or Australian aboriginal reserves. Many Black South Africans, however, never resided in these "homelands." The homeland system disenfranchised black people residing in "white South Africa" by restricting their voting rights to the black homelands, the least economically-productive areas of the country. The government segregated education, medical care, and other public services with inferior standards for blacks. The black education system within "white South Africa", by design, prepared blacks for lives as a labouring class. There was a deliberate policy in "white South Africa" of making services for black people inferior to those of whites, to try to "encourage" black people to move into the black homelands, hence black people ended up with services inferior to those of whites, and, to a lesser extent, to those of Indians, and 'coloureds'.
- old ladyLv 71 decade ago
The apartheid came from the early Dutch settlers, not the British. Apartheid actually means 'living apart'.