中轉英(急急急急急,10分)1812 Overture was composed by Tchaikovsky(2)

戰事

1812年,拿破崙率領60萬大軍入侵俄國,企圖在短時間內殲滅俄軍,佔領莫斯科,並迫使俄國投降。戰爭開始時,拿破崙軍隊在數量佔優勢的情況下,俄軍不得不逐步撤退,法國迫近莫斯科,俄軍司令庫圖佐夫採取堅壁清野,燒毀糧草的戰略,並撤退居民,率軍暫時撤離莫斯科。拿破崙在佔領莫斯科一個月後,仍無法迫使俄國投降,反而令自己孤軍陷入重圍,於是下令撤離莫斯科。撤退途中,拿破崙軍隊不能適應俄國嚴酷的冬天,加上飢餓和俄軍的反擊,終致潰敗。拿破崙入侵俄國時多達六十萬的的部隊大部分被殲滅,最後只剩下不足萬人逃出俄國國境。

《1812年》序曲是根據上述史實寫成的一部管弦樂作品。柴可夫斯基在這首序曲中層次分明地敘述了1812年的這一事件,包括俄羅斯人民原來的和平生活和隨後發生的不安和騷亂,俄法兩軍的會戰,以及最後俄國擊潰法軍,俄羅斯人民慶祝勝利的狂歡情景等。

撤退

當法軍宣佈全面退兵,俄羅斯舉國歡騰,教堂祝捷鐘聲響遍全國。法軍雄師七十五萬,最後只落得八萬人重返法國,拿破崙軍隊亦從此一蹶不振。

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  • 1 decade ago
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    War In 1812, Napoleon led 600,000 main forces to invade Russia, attempt to annihilate the Russian army within short time, capture Moscow, force Russia to surrender. When the war begins, Napoleon army is in case of preponderating in quantity, the Russian army has to withdraw progressively, France approaches Moscow, storehouse picture Zoff, commandant of Russian army, adopts and strengthens defence work, burn strategy of army provisions, withdraw residents, lead the army to withdraw from Moscow temporarily. Napoleon is after capturing Moscow one month, it is still unable to force Russia to surrender, make one's own isolated force fall into the tight encirclement instead, then order to withdraw from Moscow. Withdraw in the way, Napoleon army can't adapt to the harsh winter in Russia, adds the reaction of the hunger and Russian army, it is routed to cause after all. Most armies of the ones that reaches 600,000 when Napoleon invades Russia are annihilated, only fewer than ten thousand people escape from the Russian territory finally. Wrote a orchestral music work according to above-mentioned historical facts in overture in " 1812 ". Tchaikovsky has narrated this incident of 1812 years well arrangedly in this overture, including Russian people's original peaceful life and uneasiness and riot taking place afterwards, Russia law two mass campaign of army, and Russia rout law army finally, Russian carnival scene that people celebrate with a win wait. Withdraw As the law army claims to retreat in an all-round way, the whole nation is jubilant in Russia, the sound of the clock that the church celebrates a victory is all over the whole country. The powerful army of army of France is 750,000, only coming to 80,000 people and returning to France finally, Napoleon army also collapsed after a single setback from then on.

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  • 1 decade ago

    1812 Overture was composed by Tchaikovsky(2)

    War

    In 1812, Napoleon led 600,000 main forces to invade Russia, attempts to annihilate the Russian army within short time, capture Moscow, force Russia to surrender. The war is at the beginning, Napoleon army, under the situation dominant in quantity, the Russian army has to withdraw progressively, France approaches Moscow, storehouse picture Zoff, commandant of Russian army, adopts and strengthens defence work, strategy to burn army provisions, withdraw resident, lead the army to withdraw from Moscow temporarily. Napoleon is one month after capturing Moscow, it is still unable to force Russia to surrender, make one's own isolated force fall into the tight encirclement instead, then order to withdraw from Moscow. Withdraw way, Napoleon army can adapt to harsh a winter such as Russia, add hunger and reaction of Russian army, it is routed to cause after all. Most armies of up to 600,000 when Napoleon invades Russia are annihilated, only fewer than ten thousand people escape from the Russian territory finally.

    Wrote a orchestral music work according to historical facts described above in overture in " 1812 ". Tchaikovsky has narrated this incident of 1812 years in this overture well arrangedly, including Russian people's original peaceful life and uneasiness and riot taking place subsequently, two army of mass campaigns, law of Russian, and Russia rout law army finally, Russian carnival scene that people celebrate with a win wait.

    Withdraw

    As the law army claims to retreat in an all-round way, the whole nation is jubilant in Russia, the clock sound, all over the whole country that the church celebrates a victory. 750,000 powerful army, army of France, come to 80,000 people return to France, Napoleon army collapse after a single setback from then on also only finally.

    • Login to reply the answers
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