Cinity asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請英文高手幫忙~有關“管理”的文章英翻中~很急~拒翻譯軟體

In total, this example demonstrates the potential for significant conflict between members of different professional cultures. However, the potential for conflict does not reside only in the interactions of science and engineering professional cultures. Instead, differences between any professional cultures represented in the value-creating activity of an international alliance can have significant negative ramifications. Specifically, we argue that differences in the professional culture of the employees who interact in an international alliance will inhibit the effective sharing, combining and leveraging of complementary resources. Formally:

P5: Differences in the professional cultures of international alliance partners’ employees negatively moderate the relationship between related complementary resources and effectiveness of the alliance’s value-creating activities.

Thus far, we have discussed separately the effects of cultural differences in international alliance as they originate from national, organizational and professional cultures. We began with the contradictory results of the effects of national culture differences on international alliance performance, and then proceeded to discuss both organizational and professional cultures as they pertain to international alliance performance. However, as Salk and Shenkar (2001) showed, international joint venture team members utilize several different social identities (national, organizational and occupational) as sensemaking mechanisms. Thus individuals in international alliances rely on multiple sources of socialization to understand and organize their interactions and stimuli. However, their relative effect is left unspecified.

請幫忙 ....感激不盡

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
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    第一段

    總結: 這個例子証明了不同的專業及文化所導致到會員之間可能發生的分歧及衝突的意義. 雖然如此, 但他們之間的衝突並不歸咎於科學及專業工程文化互相影響.

    反之, 在不同的專業文化中卻代表了他們的價值產生的活動在國際聯盟能夠否定很多不同的爭論. 特別是我們時常爭論有關專業文化及從業員工他們相互影響在國際聯盟將約束彼此之間文化交通的分享.結合及leveraging(錯字)互補的資源. 正式:

    在國際聯盟黨不同專業文化及從業員工否定了他們的模式在他們之間的關係有關互助資源及有效力的聯盟價值產生活動.

    第二段.

    因此, 我們個別的討論有關不同文化的效率在原自於國際間之國際聯盟, 組織及專業文化. 在國際文化及國際聯盟開始對立及影響的實行.

    因此他們開始進行研究組織及專業文化在國際聯盟實行適合.就如 Salk and Shenkar (2001)指出, 國際合資企業組織會員利用幾個不同社會特性(國際性,組織性及職業的)感覺形成結構. 因此個別的國際聯盟依賴多樣性的資源社會主義化了解他們之間的互相影響及刺激. 雖然如此, 他們之間的關係影響仍然是未具體說明.

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