Jeremiah got thrown down a well, and then was dragged up kicking and screaming and hauled off to Egypt. Amos from Tekoa in Judah was a tender of fig trees and a keeper of sheep. Hosea, from Israel (the northern kingdom) married a prostitute by the name of Gomer. Both prophesied in the time of Jeroboam II. Moses didn't want to be a prophet because he stuttered. Samuel was a priest, the last of Israel's Judges, and anointer of the first two kings, Saul (also for a short while a prophet, ecstatic praiser) and David. David the King was also called a prophet, because of some of the things written in Psalms, he had been a shepherd and musician. Joel wrote about locusts and famine. Elijah was from Tishbe in Gilead, he prophesied to King Ahab and Queen Jezebel of Israel , and killed the prophets of Baal on Mt. Carmel. Micaiah ben Imlah was prophet to Ahab and spoke to him and Jehoshaphat, King of Judah, and prophesied their defeat at Ramoth Gilead, and Ahab's death. Elisha succeeded Elijah, and performed many miracles, even raising the dead. Elisha died in the reign of Joash, King of Israel. Isaiah ben Amoz became a prophet in the year that King Uzziah of Judah died. He was a priest, and guided Hezekiah the King through his reforms. Isaiah prophesied the captivity in Babylon. Huldah the prophetess was wife of Shallum, she prophesied good and peace to Josiah, because of his reforms in Jerusalem. Zephaniah prophesied in the time of Josiah, just prior to his reforms and the ministry of Jeremiah. Jeremiah ben Hilkiah from Anathoth, a priest related to the kings family began prophesying in the reign of Josiah, and continued through the reigns of Jehoiakim and Zedekiah, his sons until the exile in Babylon. Ezekiel was a prophet to the people in exile. Daniel does not appear in the prophets in the Hebrew Bible, it is an apocalyptic book written in the time of the Macabees in Aramaic. Micah was a contemporary of Hosea and Isaiah, from Moresheth west of Hebron in Judea, he prophesied against money hungry capitalists, avaricious priests and false prophets. Nahum prophesied the fall of Nineveh, which just preceded the fall of Jerusalem. Habakkuk is a problematic prophet, he addresses the problem of evil on an international level, where bad people are punished by worse. Nahum and Habbakkuk are contemporaries of Jeremiah. Haggai and Zechariah are prophets of the post-exilic period, writing about 520 B.C.E. in the time of the restoration of Zerubbabel. Malachi (my messenger) is actually a name given for an anonymous prophet, one who foretells the purifying of the priesthood and temple. Obadiah is a composite book, dating anywhere from the 9th to the 4th century B.C.E., most probable the 5th nearly half of it quoting Jeremiah, but directing its venom against Edom in a manner contrary to Isaiah's internationalism. Jonah is a prophecy in the form of a narrative, dating from the 4th Century B.C.E. by its language, taking as its hero a prophet mentioned in 2 K 14:25. It is a didactic work meant to amuse and instruct, showing God's mercy in the repentance of Israel's bitterest foes. None of it is designed to be taken literally, it's more a series of jokes played by God on his cantankerous prophet, told in undisguised irony from the storm, the choice of Jonah by lot, the big fish, the kingdom in sack cloth and ashes, to the plant that grows and withers in a night. The prophets of the New Testament are Hannah, an old woman who lived at the Temple, John the Baptist, son of the priest Zachariah and his wife Elizabeth, second cousin of Jesus. There are other prophets, such as the four virgin daughters of the Deacon Philip, and Agabus from Judea who prophesied Paul's imprisonment. John the apostle, who may be the same as the writer of the Apocalypse, is counted a prophet. The Bible generally distinguishes between patriarchs, prophets, judges, priests, and kings. Moses is generally held to be the first of the prophets. Joseph was an interpreter of dreams, something similar to a prophet, but not same. Seth and Enoch, found in Genesis, may have been considered in the intertestamental period as prophets. Melchizedek, the priest-king of Salem who met Abraham after the Battle of the Five Kings is an enigmatic figure, some see as a type of Jesus and His priesthood. The Book of Daniel may have its source in the Greek portion, the Story of Susanna, a moral tale about unrighteous judges in which the young man Daniel proves their crime, sparking the epithet, "A Daniel come to judgement." The book is apocalyptic, aimed at the excesses of Antiochus Epiphanes and foretelling his overthrow. In the same way the Apocalypse of the New Testament is aimed at the Roman Empire, first in the reign of Nero, and then in that of Diocletian.
The Qu'ran counts the patriarchs as prophets also including Adam, Noah, Aaron, Seth, Enoch, Ishmael, Abraham (Ibriham), Imri, King Solomon, Azariyah, John (Yahya), and Jesus (Issa) as well as his mother Mary (Miryam). It caps it with Mohammed as paramount, the Prophet.
It would be impossible to name the prophets of ALL religions, the Sibylline Oracles, Oracle of Delphi, Appollonias, the Greek poets, Hesiod, Homer, Timmaeus, Virgil, Ovid, the priestesses of Isis, the High priests of Israel, wearers of the ephod who cast the Urim an Thumim, Jethro and Jepthah, Tobit and Tobias, Manasseh, The Buddha, The Lammas of Tibet, Dalai and Patan, The Zen masters and patriarchs, The seven heavenly beings of China, Lao Tzu, Confucius and Mencius, the Ghost dancers of the Plains Indians, the Priest kings of the Aztecs and Mayans, the Inca, Nanaboju,, Clan mothers of the Creek, Inuit shamans, Sun dancers, prophets of Baal, the list becomes nearly endless. I'd include all of these before I'd ever begin with the sham Joseph Smith and his bunch of frauds. I'd even throw in Baha'ullah and the Bab and Sandeep Singh Brar and his successors ahead of those as well as all the gurus of India.