Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

1920s vocab..?

Any info will be great :]

-Margin

-Good Neighbor Policy

-Fundamentalism

-John Reed

-John Weismuller

-Elizabeth Gurly Flynn

Update:

I DID the whole search engine thing. I had 100 of these things, and the rest of these are the ones that I don't understand.

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    In finance, a margin is collateral that a person has to deposit to cover the credit risk of a) borrowing cash from another party in order to buy securities, b) selling securities short or c) entering into a futures contract. In the 1920s, margin requirements were loose. In other words, brokers required investors to put in very little of their own money. When stock markets plummeted, the net value of the positions rapidly fell below the minimum margin requirements, forcing investors to sell their positions. This was one important factor contributing to the Stock Market Crash of 1929, which in turn contributed to the Great Depression.

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    The "Good Neighbor" policy was the policy of the United States Administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in relation to Latin America and Europe from 1933 to 1945. Renouncing the unpopular method of military intervention, the United States shifted to other methods to maintain its influence in Latin America: Pan-Americanism: support for strong local leaders, the training of national guards, economic and cultural penetration, Export-Import Bank loans, financial supervision, and political subversion. The Good Neighbor Policy meant that United States would be less blatant in its domination.

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    The term fundamentalist was perhaps first used in 1920 by Curtis Lee Laws in the Baptist Watchman-Examiner, but it soon became widely accepted as a common term identifying anyone who believed in and actively defended the traditional doctrines of Christianity. The Presbyterian scholar J. Gresham Machen disliked the word and only hesitatingly accepted it to describe himself, because, he said, the name sounded like a new religion and not the same historic Christianity that the Church had always believed. Throughout the 1920s in the United States, the fundamentalists and modernists struggled against each other for control of the large northern denominations. Fundamentalists viewed this as nothing less than a struggle for true (i.e., historical) Christianity against a new naturalistic religion that had crept into the churches.

    During this period, "fundamentalist" came to refer principally to those advocating a separatist practice as a means of maintaining the fundamentals of the faith. These separatist fundamentalists split off from the modernist mainline churches, forming various new orthodox denominations. These fundamentalists also identified themselves with what they believed was pure in personal morality and American culture. Thus the term "fundamentalist" came to refer largely to orthodox Protestants outside the large Northeastern denominations.

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    There are several John Reeds during this period of history, but based on your other terms, I'm guessing you mean John Reed the journalist. John "Jack" Silas Reed (October 22, 1887 – October 19, 1920) was an American journalist, poet, and communist activist, famous for his first-hand account of the Bolshevik Revolution, Ten Days that Shook the World. He was the husband of the writer and feminist Louise Bryant. Reed, allowed to occupy the roles of "romantic revolutionary" and "playboy" in American culture, was also used as a symbol by the Communist movement to which he belonged. He was the only American buried in the Kremlin, although half of Bill Haywood's ashes are there as well.

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    Johnny Weissmuller (June 2, 1904 – January 20, 1984) was an American swimmer and actor who was one of the world's best swimmers in the 1920s, winning five Olympic gold medals and one bronze medal. He won fifty-two US National Championships and set sixty-seven world records. After his swimming career, he became the sixth actor to portray Tarzan in films, a role he played in twelve motion pictures. Other actors also played Tarzan, but Weissmuller was the best-known. His character's distinctive, ululating Tarzan yell is still often used in films.

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    Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (1890-1964) was born in Concord, New Hampshire on 7 August, 1890. The family moved to New York in 1900 and Flynn was educated at the local public schools. Her parents introduced her to socialism. When she was only 16 she gave her first speech, "What Socialism Will Do for Women", at the Harlem Socialist Club. As a result of her political activities, Flynn was expelled from high school. In 1907 Flynn became a full-time organizer for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Over the next few years she organised campaigns among garment workers in Pennsylvania, silk weavers in New Jersey, restaurant workers in New York, miners in Minnesota, Missoula, Montana, and Spokane, Washington and textile workers in Massachusetts. During this period, author Theodore Dreiser described her as "an East Side Joan of Arc." In 1909 Flynn participated in a free speech fight in Spokane, in which she chained herself to a lamppost in order to delay her arrest. She later accused the police of using the jail as a brothel, an accusation that prompted them to try to confiscate all copies of the Industrial Worker (a socialist newspaper) reporting the charge.

  • Mark
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    3 cheers for adrianna B

  • 1 decade ago

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