JoyceQQ asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請教一直搞不懂Whom的用法

I know who you are and whom you represent.

我知道你是誰和代表誰。

為什麼不能說I know who you are and who you represent.

to whom 要怎麼記呢?

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    who...主格用法,在句子裡當主詞或是補語

    whom...受格用法,在句子裡當受詞

    Ex1: Who are you? (補語)

    Ex2: Who told you the news? (主詞)

    Ex3: Whom are you talking to? (受詞)

    Ex4: Who are you talking to? (現代美語用who取代whom)

    @ 現代美語,尤其口語,很少用whom,大都用who取代whom...

    正式的寫作,還是會用whom...

    @ 口語這句子是可以的

    I know who you are and who you represent.

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    to whom 是比較困難的文法

    Ex1: I know the girl (whom) Sam is talking to. (正式)

    Ex2: I know the girl (who) Sam is talking to. (口語)

    Ex3: I know the girl to whom Sam is talking. (非常正式 )

    例句三,將介系詞 to搬到關代前,文法有規定,這個時候to後只能

    用受格whom,不能用主格who。關代當受詞,在口語中常省略,例句一和例句二的 whom / who也可以省略。

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  • 大師
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    .... and whom you represent.

    [在此, whom 是做 represent 的受詞]

    若要說 "I know who you are and who you represent." 也是可以懂的, 只是並不很正確, 但口語化的用法是很多人用, 越來越多人不是很在意這個差別.

    請看字典解釋-

    WHOM: pronoun FORMAL

    used instead of 'who' as the object of a verb or preposition:

    I met a man with whom I used to work.

    He took out a photo of his son, whom he adores.

    There were 500 passengers, of whom 121 drowned.

    To whom do you wish to speak?

    參考資料:

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