急要 林肯的歷史 要英文 20點
- ChungLv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
出生年份:February 12, 1809
死亡年份:April 15, 1865
braham Lincolnwas the sixteenth President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1861 until his death on April 15, 1865.
As an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery, he won the Republican Party nomination in 1860 and was elected president later that year. During his term, he helped preserve the United States by leading the defeat of the secessionist Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. He introduced measures that resulted in the abolition of slavery, issuing his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoting the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1865.
On November 4, 1842 Lincoln married Mary Todd, daughter of a prominent slave-owning family from Kentucky. The couple had four sons:
Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1 1843 - July 26 1926): born in Springfield, Illinois, and died in Manchester, Vermont.
Edward Baker Lincoln (March 10 1846 - February 1 1850): born and died in Springfield.
William Wallace Lincoln (December 21 1850 - February 20 1862): born in Springfield and died in Washington, D.C..
Thomas "Tad" Lincoln (April 4 1853 - July 16 1871): born in Springfield and died in Chicago.
Only Robert survived into adulthood. Lincoln greatly admired the study of science in the elite schools of New England and sent him to Phillips Exeter Academy and Harvard College.
Four of his wife's brothers fought for the Confederacy, with one wounded and another killed in action. Lieutenant David H. Todd, a half-brother of Mary Todd Lincoln, served as commandant of the Libby Prison camp during the war.