Anonymous asked in Society & CultureLanguages · 1 decade ago

how do u use the "en" in fench?

for homework, its asking me to use en instead of the actual food name. for example: je vais prendre trois bananes. would be je vais en prendre trois.

but i dont get what i replace en with, and why?

wouldnt the example above be je vais prendre en trois?

2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    "En" is a pronoun, and in the context which you give, it means "of them" in English. You do leave it in the sentence instead of the original object, but it goes immediately before the verb that it complements.

    So: "Je vais en prendre trois": I will take three (of them)

    What you are replacing is not the "en" but the word of the object.

    Je veux cinq pommes: J'en veux cinq

    J'ai deux amies: J'en ai deux

    Je vais acheter un sac: Je vais en acheter un

    With the expression "Il y a", the "en" also goes just before the verb.

    Il y a combien de chocolats ?

    Il y en a quinze. There are 15 (of them)

    When there is no number stated the meaning becomes indefinite and "en" become the equivalent of "some".

    In that case you include no number in the sentence.

    Vous allez prendre des oranges? Oui, je vais en prendre.

    Tu manges du chocolat? Oui, j'en mange.

    In the negative answer, it would mean "any"

    Je ne vais pas en prendre: I will not take any.

    Source(s): Teacher. I hope it helps!
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    En replaces the partitive article (du, de la, etc.) or de + the indefinite article (un, une, des) + a noun. It is equivalent to some, any, or a number in English.

    "en" is placed right before the verb it complements.


    As-tu du pain ? Do you have any bread?

    Oui, j'en ai. Yes, I have some.

    they use "en" so that the answers arent redundant. in english we wouldnt say:

    Do you have any bread?

    yes i have some bread.

    we know already that the question is about bread so we dont need to repeat it.

    Source(s): french is my second language
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