Learning is automatic, unconscious, and impossible to avoid. The question is never whether or not someone will learn from a particular type of experience. The real question is, "What are they learning from those experiences?"
When people lament that children are not learning, they are completely missing the point. Their children ARE learning, just not what they thought was being taught.
There are three fundamental lessons that every experience teaches, even if we don't realize it.
Those three lessons are
1. how we manage our own and other peoples behavior
2. what and how we exchange with others to get what we need (which may include the exchange of attention, energy, money, etc.), and
3. the pattern of consciousness that results from living within that power structure (#1) and those exchange processes (#2).
If you want to know what is being learned then you have to first assess the power structure that shapes the relationships between the people in the environment (meaning everyone not just teachers and students), the exchange processes that propel the action within those structures and the patterns of consciousness that result from those dynamics.
My web sites:
Attitude First: A Leadership Strategy for Educational Success