vic asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

急~翻譯護理文獻!真的很感謝喔!

The incidence of pneumonia in the United States has been estimated at 4 million cases annually, with 20%of episodes requiring hospitalization.1 Hazards of hospitalizing older patients have been well documented.2 Hospitalized older patients are at risk for developing complications such

as falls, incontinence, and delirium. Functional deterioration occurs quickly after admission in a significant proportion of hospitalized older patients and typically fails to improve by the time of discharge.3 Studies of the effect of function on pneumonia outcomes in older adults have drawn conflicting conclusions.4,5 In a prospective study to evaluate risk factors for mortality

from lower respiratory tract infections in nursing home residents, it was concluded that activity of daily living (ADL) dependency was an important predictor of mortality.4 Similarly, in a prospective study of pneumonia in a

Department of Veterans Affairs facility, functional status was found to be a major determinant of survival after pneumonia.5 Alternatively, from a prediction model of 30-day mortality from pneumonia, functional status was not found to be a significant predictor of mortality in nursing home residents.6,7 Few studies have assessed the effect of functional status on pneumonia severity in hospitalized older adults.8,9 In a prospective evaluation of pneumonia in hospitalized community-dwelling older adults and nursing home residents, authors noted that pneumonia mortality was higher in the nursing home residents, but this was mainly attributed to poor baseline functional status.8 Functional status was an independent predictor of short-term and long-term mortality from pneumonia in a study that

focused on older adults evaluated in an emergency department setting.9

Update:

infection such as pneumonia on short-term functional impairment.上面那一段漏打了喔~

Update 2:

METHODS

Study Population

Individuals aged 60 and older admitted from the emergency department to the University of Michigan Medical Center from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2001, with primary or secondary diagnosis of possible pneumonia were screened.

Update 3:

The University of Michigan institutional review

board approved the project, and informed consent was obtained from the subjects or a proxy with power of attorney.

Update 4:

Patients hospitalized with radiograph-proven pneumonia were included in the study. Reasons for exclusion were refusal to give informed consent, transfer from another hospital,

Update 5:

acute care hospitalization within previous 15 days,and other diagnosis deemed responsible for admission, such as congestive heart failure, exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,

Update 6:

urosepsis, lung cancer, noninfective pleural effusion,bronchiectasis, and ‘‘possible pneumonia’’ that did not fulfill criteria.

Update 7:

好像很多....

抱歉20點好像有點少!

不過我很急~希望善心人幫忙喔!

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    The incidence of pneumonia in the United States has been estimated at 4million cases annually, with 20%of episodes requiring hospitalization

    每年以四百萬個個案肺炎的關連在美國有被估計,藉由 20% 的插曲需要住院治療。

    1 Hazards of hospitalizing older patients have been well documented.住院的危險對年長的患者是比較好被証明

    2 Hospitalized older patients are at risk for developing complications such as falls, incontinence, and delirium.

    住院對較年長的患者來說比較複雜的危險有像是下跌,失禁和精神錯亂

    Functional deterioration occurs quickly after admission in asignificant proportion of hospitalized older patients and typicallyfails to improve by the time of discharge

    功能的惡化發生得很快在加入之後在一個可重視比例中住院年老的患者而且典型地在血性的時候之前沒有改進

    3 Studies of the effect of function on pneumonia outcomes in olderadults have drawn conflicting conclusions.4,5 In a prospective study toevaluate risk factors for mortality from lower respiratory tract infections in nursing home residents,

    3 較年長的成人的功能對參考的效果肺炎結果已經引起相矛盾的結論。

    2007-11-02 15:06:31 補充:

    4.5在一個預期的參考中評估危險因子從比較低的呼吸圖徑感染在居家看護中回家居住的

    跳著翻好了

    Patients hospitalized with radiograph-proven pneumonia were included in the study. Reasons for exclusion were refusal to give informed consent, transfer from another hospital,

    被收容X-光照片證明的肺炎住院的患者被包含在研究中。 排除的理由是拒絕提供明達的同意 , 從另一所醫院轉移,

    2007-11-02 15:07:56 補充:

    你這樣會看不懂啦...要整篇稍微看一下..就字面上直接翻你會看的霧茫茫

    2007-11-02 18:33:08 補充:

    acute care hospitalization within previous 15 days,and other diagnosis deemed responsible for admission,such as congestive heart failure.exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,

    急性的照料住院治療在先前的 15 天內, 而且其他的診斷對於醫囑是有責任的認為, 像是充血性的心臟衰竭.慢性阻塞性肺疾病的惡化,

    Source(s): 這樣實在翻得很辛苦要大半天耶
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  • 1 decade ago

    線上段落翻譯+線上醫學字典 網址

    Dr.Eye線上段落翻譯:

    http://tw.search.yahoo.com/language/translate?doit...

    線上醫學字典:

    http://dict.vghtpe.gov.tw/search.php

    http://www.hk-doctor.com/html/dict.php

    May God bless u

    2007-11-01 22:51:51 補充:

    其他人利用一下以上網站 幫她一下吧~

    可惜我時間不夠~~

    Source(s): 加油, too busy
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