Ovary cyst ladies please explain?

how do u get it? I had my left cyst removed about twos years and I am curious on how all this happen

3 Answers

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer


    Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that are formed in the ovaries (ovaries are two small organs on each side of the womb or the uterus that produce hormones and an egg each month) which produce hormones and an egg each month. These are common in women in their reproductive years.

    Most of these cysts are non-cancerous (benign). The various types of cysts are:

    Functional cyst

    This is the most common type. It is formed due to an aberration in the development of an egg. In a normal course a mature follicle ruptures in the ovary to release the egg and then forms a mass called the Corpus Luteum. If pregnancy does not occur in that cycle, the Corpus luteum normally disintegrates. If this does not happen then a functional cyst is formed. The functional cysts normally do not produce any symptoms and disappear within one-three menstrual cycles.

    Dermoid cyst

    These are ovarian cysts filled with cheesy material and may have various types of tissue including hair and skin in them.


    These are cysts which develop from the outer surface of the ovary. Majority of them are benign (non- cancerous).

    Endometrial or chocolate cyst

    Sometimes clusters of cells normally found in the lining of the uterus (endometrial cells) attach themselves to the ovary causing an endometrial cyst to form. This is a dark and red-brown coloured cyst and hence is also called chocolate cyst.

    Polycystic ovary

    In this condition the ovaries have multiple small cysts. These result from hormonal imbalance. These women are usually overweight and can have excessive facial hair and difficulty in conceiving.

    Ovarian cysts usually do not cause any symptoms. However if the symptoms occur, they are:

    A feeling of fullness in the stomach or a slight pain.

    Irregular or painful periods

    How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

    They may be detected by a pelvic examination which could be confirmed by other tests.

    Ultrasound is a test in which sound waves are used to create pictures of the organs found inside the body. It can be used to confirm the presence of the cyst and many times the nature of the cyst.

    The treatment depends upon the size and type of the cyst, the women’s age and overall health, her future pregnancy plans and the symptoms that she is experiencing. The treatment options include:

    Expectant – Where the cysts are small (< 8 cm) and appear functional, they can be observed for 2-3 months as many of them resolve. In the past hormones have also been given particularly with irregular periods. Currently their use is not found to be of any benefit.

    Surgery – can be decided upon if the cyst does not disappear on its own or is causing severe pain or bleeding or if the cyst is of a type which requires surgery (Dermoid, Endometrial, Cystadenoma). Surgery can be through laparoscope or conventional (by an incision on the tummy), depending on the size & type of cyst patient profile and expertise of surgeon.

    Treatment of Polycystic ovaries – This depends upon the requirement of the patient, her symptoms and profile. Weight reduction in an overweight patient constitutes the most important treatment. The other treatments can be hormonal for regularising the periods and for excessive facial hair as well as ovulation induction (aiding in producing an egg) in case of infertility.

    Enjoy Life

  • 1 decade ago

    there are different types of ovarian cysts and causes, they range from hormones to genetics, you would first have to know exactly what type of cyst you had, talk to your doctor or surgeon!

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    An ovarian cyst is simply a collection of fluid within the normally solid ovary. There are many different types of ovarian cysts, and they are an extremely common gynecologic problem. Because of the fear of ovarian cancer, cysts are a common cause of concern among women. But, it is important to know that the vast majority of ovarian cysts are not cancer and almost all ovarian cysts will go away by themselves without any treatment. However, some benign cysts will require treatment and in quite rare cases others may be cancerous.

    The most common types of ovarian cysts are called functional cysts, which result from a collection of fluid forming around a developing egg. For unknown reasons, sometimes the cells that surround an egg in the ovary form too much fluid that expands the ovary from within. If fluid continues to be formed, the ovary is stretched as if a balloon was being filled up with water. The normally white covering of the ovary becomes thin and smooth and appears bluish-gray. These cysts, called follicular cysts, may rarely become as large as 3 or 4 inches. The majority of these cysts, even the large ones, go away by themselves after a month or two.

    Every month, after ovulation, the cells in the ovary form a structure called the corpus luteum. These cells can also produce too much fluid and form a cyst. The good news is that, like follicular cysts, practically all corpus luteum cysts will go away by themselves in a few weeks.

    Although many cysts cause no symptoms at all, pressure or pain in the pelvic area is a common symptom. As fluid collects in a cyst and makes the ovary expand, the covering of the ovary is stretched, causing discomfort or pain. In very rare cases, the covering of the ovary tears opens, or ruptures, releasing the cyst fluid into the abdominal cavity, causing sudden pain.

    There are other types of benign cysts that will not go away by themselves and may need to be removed to prevent further problems. Sometimes, the cells that make up the outside coating of the ovary get trapped inside the ovary after ovulation. The trapped cells may form fluid which collects within the ovary forming a cyst. The cyst cells must be surgically removed in order to stop the production of the fluid and prevent further growth of the cyst.

    * Hemorrhagic Cysts:

    Sometimes during the growth of a follicular or corpus luteum cyst, the tissue within the ovary tears as it is stretched and begins to bleed. The blood becomes trapped within the cyst forming what is called a hemorrhagic cyst. The bleeding may occur quickly and rapidly stretch the covering of the ovary causing pain. As the blood collects within the ovary clots are formed which can be seen on a sonogram. This type of cyst will almost always go away by itself, but it may take a few weeks or even months to do so. In rare cases, the cyst causes enough discomfort so that surgery to remove the cyst may be needed.

    * Dermoid cysts:

    The idea of a dermoid cyst is somewhat startling. For reasons we don't understand, the cells of the ovary can, all by themselves and without the presence of any sperm, start to produce hair, teeth, fluid, and other growing tissues to form an ovarian cyst. This is called a dermoid cyst. Dermoid cysts are fairly common, occurring most often before menopause and are almost never cancerous (less than 1/1000). Dermoid cysts have a fairly characteristic appearance on sonogram and often the diagnosis can be made this way. Unfortunately, these cysts do not go away by themselves and surgery is recommended when they are found.

    * Endometrioma/Chocolate Cysts caused by Endometriosis:

    In some women uterine lining cells can go out the wrong way through the fallopian tubes and end up in the abdominal cavity. If these cells survive, they may attach to the outside of the uterus, tubes or ovaries, and begin to grow. During subsequent menstrual cycles, the cells are stimulated to grow and bleed just as the lining cells within the uterus continue to do. This is called endometriosis.

    If these cells get trapped within the ovary, the blood has nowhere to go, so it collects within the ovary, forming a cyst called an endometrioma. As the blood ages within the cyst, it becomes dark brown and thick and the cyst is sometimes referred to as a chocolate cyst. The pattern of this blood looks distinctive on a sonogram and the diagnosis can often be suggested by that test. Sometimes endometriosis within the ovary may be painless and only discovered at the time of a routine examination. While this condition is not dangerous, endometriosis can lead to pelvic pain and/or infertility and should be appropriately treated. The treatment for endometriosis of the ovary involves removal of the cyst, often by laparoscopic surgery.

    Research shows that benign cysts do not turn into cancerous cysts, so if you have an ovarian cyst that seems to be benign upon exam and on a sonogram, waiting for it to go away for two months or so is not risky. Research also shows that women who form benign ovarian cysts are not any more likely to develop ovarian cancer than women who have not ever had cysts.

    While frightening, ovarian cancer is a rare disease. Only one out of every 15,000 women at the age of thirty will be found to have the disease. At 40, only one of every 10,000 women has this disease, and at age 60, only one of every 1500 women will be found to have it. Therefore, if a premenopausal woman is found to have a cyst in her ovary, it is overwhelmingly likely that it is benign. Even for a postmenopausal woman, an ovarian cyst has more than a 70% chance of being benign.

    The most accurate way to get a picture of the ovary and cyst is with a transvaginal ultrasound. This test uses a small instrument which is comfortably passed into the vagina. This instrument bounces harmless sound waves off your uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, forming a picture on a monitor. This ultrasound allows the doctor to accurately determine the size of the cyst and to "see" inside it in order to detect whether it is filled with fluid or solid areas. This can help determine the type of cyst that is present. Certain types of ovarian cysts, depending on which cells in the ovary are overgrowing, will make fairly reliable patterns on a ultrasound. In performing the ultrasound, one concern is to look for ovarian cancer. Abnormal cysts often will have an overgrowth of cells that stick out from the inside of the cyst wall, making the inside of the cyst appear jagged on the sonogram. Still, many of these irregularly shaped cysts are benign, but cancer can also appear this way. Unfortunately, the ultrasound cannot make a definite diagnosis of benign vs. malignant cysts. So, if the ultrasound shows solid areas within a cyst, surgery will be needed to remove it.

    As you would know from your surgery, instruments are now available that enable the gyneacologist to remove a cyst through small incisions in the abdomen. This type of procedure, known as laparoscopic surgery, provides the benefits of outpatient surgery and a quick recovery. Using a telescope placed through the navel and small instruments placed near the pubic bone, the gynecologic surgeon can remove either the cyst alone or the entire ovary.

    An ovarian cyst, which looks like a small balloon filled with water, grows from within the ovary and stretches the normal ovarian tissue over it. Removing the cyst, called a cystectomy, is like taking a clam out of the shell. The thinned out ovarian tissue is cut open, and the cyst is gently peeled away from inside the ovary. The cyst fluid is then removed with a suction device. The cyst now looks like a deflated balloon and can easily be removed through the small laparoscopy incision. If a cyst has destroyed all the normal ovarian tissue, it may be necessary to remove the entire ovary. A number of ways have been developed to allow the removal of the entire ovary with the laparoscope. Using either special sutures or surgical staples, the blood vessels going to the ovary can be tied, and the ovary cut away and removed. In most situations, the operating time for laparoscopic surgery takes no longer than standard surgery. However, the benefit of laparoscopic surgery is that you may leave the hospital the same day and return to normal activity within a week or two.

    There are a lot of other great information on the internet and I probably went a bit overboard with all of this, however you can do a google search or go to wikipedia to read up on it some more.

    Good luck :)

    Source(s): Have had a number of ovarian cysts over the past 9 years since I was 17, which included mostly functional cysts, 2 hemmorhagic cysts and a small endometrioma cyst. I also recently got diagnosed with endometriosis.
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