How Six Days in 1967 Changed the Middle East Until This Day
This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.
Forty years ago this week, Israel, fearing a threat of destruction, defeated three Arab armies in six days of war.
Egypt had gathered a huge force in the Sinai Desert across the border from southern Israel. Israeli planes carried out surprise raids on June fifth and destroyed most of the Egyptian air force at its bases. Israel also moved ground forces to fight the Egyptians.
Jordan launched attacks on Israel that same day. Jordanian artillery and planes attacked Israeli-controlled West Jerusalem and other areas.
The Israeli military responded the next day, June sixth. Heavy fighting pushed Jordanian forces out of Jerusalem. The Israelis captured East Jerusalem and the rest of the West Bank. The city of Jerusalem had been divided since Israel's war of independence in 1948.
By the time the Six Day War ended with a cease-fire, Israel had almost three times as much territory as before. It won control of the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip from Egypt, the West Bank from Jordan and the Golan Heights in fighting with Syria.
In addition to Egypt, the Israeli air force destroyed aircraft in Syria, Jordan and another Egyptian ally, Iraq.
In the weeks earlier, Egypt had taken steps that included dismissing United Nations peacekeepers from the Sinai border area. Egypt also blocked Israeli ship traffic to and from the Red Sea through the Straits of Tiran. And Egypt's president, Gamal Abdel-Nasser, said the goal of war with Israel would its complete destruction.
Arabs often call the 1967 War "an-Nakash," the Setback. Israel returned the Sinai as part of its 1979 peace treaty with Egypt. Peace with Jordan came later.
Israel and Syria have recently expressed willingness to renew peace talks that ended seven years ago. But Israel is reported waiting to see how much Syria is willing to compromise in return for the Golan Heights. At issue is Syrian ties with Iran and anti-Israeli groups like Hezbollah and Hamas.
Israel has left Gaza but still controls movement into and out of the territory. And it still occupies the West Bank.
The West Bank and Gaza are home to almost four million Palestinians. Unemployment and poverty are high. The United Nations World Food Program says it feeds about 665,000 in Gaza and the West Bank.
Israel says its actions are needed to defend against terrorist attacks.
Israel held events last month, in keeping with the Jewish calendar, to celebrate the 40th anniversary of its reunification of Jerusalem. In the West Bank,
people this week marked the anniversary of occupation. But much of the attention went to the current violence in Gaza between armed groups loyal to the Palestinian parties of Fatah and Hamas.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas warned of being on the edge of civil war. He said the fighting is a danger equal to or greater than Israeli occupation.
And that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English, written by Caty Weaver. I’m Steve Ember.
- 可兒Lv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
1967年6 天怎樣改變中東，直到這DayThis在VOA裡是被做為新聞報導的特別的英語。這星期以前40 年，以色列，懼怕一次損壞的威脅，在6 天的戰爭內戰勝3 支阿拉伯軍隊。 埃及已經推測在賽奈裡的一種巨大的力量從南以色列穿過邊境拋棄。以色列飛機在6月5 日進行驚奇突襲並且在它的基地破壞大多數埃及空軍。
耶路撒冷市在1948年從以色列的獨立戰爭起已經被分了。 Dr.eye: 當6 天戰爭以一次停火結束時，以色列有將近的領土是以前的領土的3 倍。它從埃及贏得賽奈半島和加沙地帶的控制，來自在和敘利亞作戰過程中的約旦和戈蘭高地的西岸。
除埃及，以色列空軍之外破壞飛機在敘利亞，約旦和另一埃及聯合，伊芳拉克。 在早本周，埃及已經採取措施那包括把聯合國維和戰士從賽奈邊境地區中趕出去。埃及也經過Tiran的海峽從紅海堵塞以色列船交通。 並且埃及是總統，Gamal阿卜杜勒-Nasser，目標的有以色列的戰爭將它的完整損壞阿拉伯人經常打電話給1967戰爭" 一Nakash，" 挫折。
以色列返回賽奈作為它的1979與埃及的和平條約的部分。 與約旦的和平晚來。 2007-10-30 23:46:16 ?
以色列和敘利亞最近已經表達延期7 年以前結束的和平會談的意愿。 但是以色列被報告等待看出敘利亞願意為報答戈蘭高地和解多少。
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