Does division of labor exist in the United States?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Yes, division of labor exists in the United States. It is the concept that different people in an economy work at different jobs to produce different products and offer different services, rather than each individual doing everything for themselves. This is perhaps the greatest thing about the U.S. economy, that people are free to pursue the sort of work they want, if they see there is a need for it.
The opposite of a division of labor would be a situation where each individual does their own work to produce the food they eats, the clothes they wear, the energy they need to cook with and heat my home, and all the other goods they use and consume.
In the United states, for instance, about 5% of the population are employed in agriculture, and produce the food that the rest of us eat. Similarly, a small percentage of the population works in the lumber industry to produce wood and building materials. Another group of people builds homes. Another group work in the automobiles manufacturing industry. If we didn't have division of labor, we would have to do each of these things ourself.
For example, the mass-production of certain products, like clothing, is more efficient than if we each grew our own flax or cotton, spun our own thread, weaved our own cloth and sewed our own shirts. Instead, the labor that produces these products is accomplished by different people who specialize in that line of work.
By dividing our labor, we get a diversified labor force, and workers can become specialized in thier respective fields, which translates into better and more efficient production. The use of currency (money or specie) to measure economic value of different products and services enables us to exchange our different products and services.
- 1 decade ago
yeah , the wage and hour board