[急]誰能幫幫我翻譯這段文字??

馬克吐溫是最能代表美國的大文豪,其生平也是典型的美國故事。他十二歲喪父,幹了幾年印刷工匠之後,出外到密西西比河上謀生,後來還考取領航執照。南北戰爭後,他到報館當記者,開始以馬克吐溫筆名寫書,居然一舉成名。

此後二十年是他最盛產的寫作時期,與沃納合著的處女作《鍍金時代》,意在捕捉內戰後瘋狂的生命情調和迷離的價值觀念。他的作品最教人津津樂道的是兩部寫頑童的小說:《哈克流浪記》和《湯姆歷險記》。

《哈克流浪記》雖奠定他不朽的文學地位,然而《湯姆歷險記》卻擁有全球最多的讀者。該書所展現的幽默、寫實、諷刺、以及地方色彩,是馬克吐溫作品中的一貫特色。

過去由於資訊不發達,旅行的經驗對於作家便十分重要,馬克吐溫曾橫越大西洋廿五次,環繞世界一週,並在歐洲旅居長達十餘年。他所說過或寫過的許多話,幾乎成為深烙美國人心中的格言趣語,是美國家喻戶曉的幽默文學大師。

幽默代表著智慧,這也是馬克吐溫諷刺文章的一貫手法,無論針對何種議題,他都能使用幽默的方法,把事情的荒謬性逐漸地誇大突顯出來,直到人類的良知最後能有所覺悟,他說過:「面對著笑聲的攻擊,沒有任何東西能夠抵擋得住。」

馬克吐溫是世人所熟悉的一位幽默文學作家,他的幽默風趣之中經常帶有格言寓意或真理事實,讀者可從他對人性和社會的譏諷嘲弄中得到許多的啟示,馬克吐溫自己曾表示過,膚淺的幽默是不能持久長存的,這樣的幽默只是一種芬芳或裝飾,這樣的幽默家也遲早會被人們所遺忘,真正的幽默是充滿著智慧的。馬克吐溫的幽默作家和批評家地位之所以能持久鞏固,他的文章言論之所以能歷久彌新,他已經指出其中的原因和秘密,因為他的幽默是包含著哲學意味,他的看法是高瞻遠矚的,他的先見之明能使人發出會心的微笑,他的一些話經過一百年後仍然是生動有效,令人欽佩。但是他並不是有計劃的要這樣作,他只是就事論事發表闡述他的意見和人生哲學,對一位作家而言,重要的是要擁有一套自己的人生哲學,誠實勇敢的說出自己的見解。

在美國馬克吐溫所寫過或說過的話仍然經常的被人提及,美國人對於馬克吐溫的一些格言趣語幾乎是耳熟能詳,他的話語出現於文章、教科書、雜誌、廣告、小說等各處,如今大部份他的作品在美國和世界繼續的被發行,他所受到的注意是歷久彌新,美國歷史上出現過許多的作家和幽默家,他們大多皆被人遺忘,為何馬克吐溫能屹立不倒,繼續受到人們的重視,原因是馬克吐溫寫作的主題廣範,他的文章勇敢坦白透視人性,他的措詞平易近人生動有趣,他的文句幽默不令人厭倦,他的反應富於機智想像力,他的批評讓虛偽無處遁形,他的卓見劃破時空界限,他對人性、文明、社會、政治、宗教各方面的見解可比美於一位哲學家,卻沒有哲學家含糊空論的缺點。

馬克吐溫來自美國的鄉下,雖然他未受過很多的學校教育,但他年幼即從事印刷排版工作,十五歲時開始幫助他哥哥辦理報刊,他對語文學習的認真使他能駕輕就熟的擔任記者和寫作的工作。從前時代的資訊不發達,旅行的經驗對作家十分的重要,馬克吐溫曾旅行和居住過美國和世界許多的地方,並在歐洲旅居長達十餘年。

出處: http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/?qid=100502...

http://www.geocities.com/jerryteng/Twain_page_2.ht...

Update:

幫我翻成英文 謝謝喔!!

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    Mark Twain is the great writer representing U.S.A. most, its one's life is a typical American story too. He loses the father at 12 years old, after printing craftsmans for a few years, go to the Mississippi to make a living, also admitted to and navigated the license later. After the Civil War, he reaches the press office as the reporter, begins to write Twain's pseudonym of mark with the book, achieve instant fame.

    It was the writing period that he abounded with most in 20 years hereafter, the maiden production " gold-plated era " shut with Werner, for the purpose of catching the crazy life ambience and misted values after civil war. It was two that his works taught people how to dwell upon with great relish most to write the playboy's novel: <<Remember one gram of roam in Kazakhstan >>" Tom endangers and writes " for sum.

    Though " remember one gram of roam in Kazakhstan " establishes his immortal literature status, that " Tom endangers and writes " have global most readers. Humour that this book represents, writes or paints realistically, satirizes, and local colour, it is a consistent characteristic in Twain's works of mark.

    Because in the past because information was undeveloped, the experience of travel was very important to the writer, mark Twain has crossed the Atlantic Ocean twenty five times, orbits world, and sojourn in Europe for more than more than ten years. A lot of that he said or is written, nearly become and bake the interesting language of maxim in the hearts of Americans deeply, it is a widely known humorous literature master of U.S.A.

    2007-11-01 21:47:55 補充:

    The humour represents intelligence, this is the consistent tactics that mark Twain satirizes the article too, no matter which kind of topic is directed against, he can use the humorous method, exaggerates the absurdity of the thing gradually and comes out conspicuously,

    2007-11-01 21:48:03 補充:

    until human intuitive knowledge being can finally to some extent awareness, he said: ' in the face of the attack of the laugh, there is not anything that can be kept out. '

    2007-11-01 21:48:18 補充:

    Mark Twain one humorous literature writer common people familiar with, in being humorous and witty for maxim implied meaning or truth fact he, readers can get a lot of enlightenment from his ridiculing and mocking to human nature and the society, mark Twain has said,

    2007-11-01 21:48:37 補充:

    the superficial humour can not live forever enduringly, such humour is only that one kind is fragrant or ornamental, such a humorous family will be forgotten by people sooner or later, it is intelligent that real humour is full of.

    2007-11-01 21:48:49 補充:

    Mark Twain's humorous writer and critic status can be consolidated enduringly, his article speech can be gone through and filled for a long time newly, he has already pointed out reason and secret among them,

    2007-11-01 21:49:03 補充:

    because humour of him to include philosophy mean view of him be shown great foresight, his prophetic vision can make people send out the knowing smile, his some words would remain vivid and effective after 100 years, respectable.

    2007-11-01 21:49:11 補充:

    But he does not want to do plannedly like this, he only judges the case as it stands and publishes and explains his opinion and philosophy of life, as to a writer, the more important thing is that there is a set of own philosophy of life, the honest and brave one tells one's own opinion.

    2007-11-01 21:49:23 補充:

    Twain has written or said is still frequent and is mentioned in American mark, interesting languages of some maxims to mark Twain of Americans are nearly that what's frequently heard can be repeated in detail, his words appear in every place such as the article,

    2007-11-01 21:49:43 補充:

    textbook, magazine, advertisement, novel, most works of him issue in U.S.A. and whom world continue nowadays, the attention that he receives goes through and fills for a long time newly, a lot of writers and humorous familieses have appeared in American history, they forget all mostly,

    2007-11-01 21:49:56 補充:

    why marks of Twain can stand erect, continue, pay attention to by the people, the reason is theme wide Fan of Twain's writing of mark, his article perspects the human nature bravely and honestly, it is interesting that his word is moved easy near life,

    2007-11-01 21:50:07 補充:

    his sentence humour does not make people tired of, response of him imbued with quick-witted strength of imagining, criticism of him let false to have no place to hide, his excellent opinion scratches the space-time demarcation line,

    2007-11-01 21:50:14 補充:

    he rivals to the human nature, civilization, society, politics, opinions of various fields of religion to a philosopher, but there is no shortcoming of philosopher's ambiguous empty talk.

    2007-11-01 21:50:22 補充:

    Mark Twain is from the countryside of U.S.A., though he has not received an education in over a lot of schools, but he is young engaged in, print the composing, work promptly, begin to help his elder brother to handle the newspapers and periodicals at the age of 15,

    2007-11-01 21:50:29 補充:

    work of holding reporter and writing of enabling him to drive a light carriage on a familiar road conscientiously which he studies about Chinese. The information of the times was undeveloped in the past,

    2007-11-01 21:50:37 補充:

    the importance very much to the writer of experience of travel, mark Twain has travelled and inhabited a lot of places in U.S.A. and the world, and sojourn in Europe for more than more than ten years.

    Source(s): QQ
  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

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