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馬克吐溫

西元一八三五年,舉世聞名的美國幽默作家馬克吐溫,誕生在密蘇里州的佛羅里達。

馬克吐溫是筆名,他的原名叫山繆.克雷門斯(Samuel Langhorne Clemens, 1835-1910)。山繆出生不久,家道沒落,全家遷移到密蘇里州的小鄉鎮——漢尼伯鎮。

山繆的父親是個不切實際的理想家,有遠大的理想,卻缺乏衝勁,因此無法有效地實現自己的理想。

擔任律師職務的父親,因為漢尼伯鎮只是個邊區的偏僻鄉鎮,所以收入少,無法維持家庭的生活開銷。於是他試著開店、養驢、養蠶、買賣土地,可惜沒有一項賺錢。貧窮和焦慮使他的脾氣怪異,不愛說話,和家人始終保持一段距離,但不曾破壞他的人格,即使再沒錢,他寧可變賣家物,也不願欠債,鎮上的居民都很尊敬他。山繆也尊敬父親,卻不敢和他親近,所以真正影響山繆的個性和人格的是他的母親。

在山繆的心中,母親是一位堅強的女性。母親對於家裡不穩定的經濟狀況,處之泰然,不論生活多困苦,她都儘量的讓孩子們感到安全和舒適。

母親很喜歡上教堂,因為信仰可以帶給她勇氣,使她能面對一切困境。天生活潑好動的山繆,一點也不喜歡上教堂。對一刻也靜不下來的山繆來說,要他枯坐在教堂裡,聽牧師講述又臭又長的道理,比要他上刑台還痛苦。儘管如此,為了母親,每週日山繆依然會和家人一起上教堂。

山繆有豐富的想像力及好奇心,在他眼裡,這個世界到處充滿著新鮮有趣的事,值得探險。他喜歡惡作劇,卻從不過份。他是母親最頭痛的小孩,也是母親最疼愛的小孩。

當時,一個家庭裡通常都會僱幾個黑人幫忙家務,但山繆家境不好,所以只僱了一個小黑人,他的名字叫山弟。

山弟做事總是拖拖拉拉,每項工作都要花上別人雙倍的時間才能完成。他常成為山繆惡作劇的對象。

一個風和日麗的早上,山弟坐在樹下,望著遠方發呆,山繆看了,以為山弟又偷懶了,想要捉弄他。母親看出山繆的意圖,出面阻止,說:「可憐的山弟唯一的親人去世了,整個人變得無精打采。山繆你可不能又捉弄他!」山繆懂事地點點頭。

隔沒幾天,山繆看山弟恢復以前那樣:哼著小曲,很悠閒的工作。心想:無情的山弟,親人才死沒多久,就不再悲傷,還那麼快樂!山繆對母親說出自己的想法,母親搖頭說:「其實山弟是個勇敢的小孩!發生那麼大的事,一個人默默承受。看他前幾天老是發呆,不哭也不笑,我還真替他擔心呢!現在他總算度過那段最傷心的日子,我們應該為他高興才對。」

 山繆十一歲那年,父親病逝,家裡頓時籠罩在一片愁雲慘霧下,生活也再度陷入困境。媽媽悲痛地告訴山繆:「孩子,現在家裡沒有足夠的錢供應你上學,所以……。委屈你了!」山繆輕快地說:「這樣我就可以不用再看到柯洛士老師,有什麼好委屈呢?」母親知道山繆為了安慰她,才如此說。

 不用上學,山繆也不再像過去那樣地到處亂闖,他知道他不能再和同紀的男孩一樣,過著無憂無慮的生活。看到哥哥、姊姊都找到工作,山繆也想為家盡一份力,但他不知道該做些什麼。

不久,母親為他在報社找了一份印刷工作。山繆必須不拿分文的為艾門先生工作;艾門先生則必須供應山繆吃、住和服裝。

 艾門先生是個非常小氣的人。他提供的服裝是他自己的舊襯衫,他的衣服對山繆來說,間直大得離譜。不僅衣服不合身,連食物都少得可憐,餐餐吃不飽,晚上睡覺還只能睡地板。但山繆不願因為生活的不舒適和職位的卑賤,令自己不快樂,他總是在艱苦的生活中尋找樂趣、製造樂趣。

 排字印刷的工作相當刻板、單調,有時山繆真想一走了之,但他一想到母親,又忍了下來,於是經常利用歌唱來舒解生活的苦悶。漸漸地,他開始閱讀自己排出來的新聞,從中知道不少各地的消息,也拓寬他的視野。現在他體會出工作本身就是最好的報酬,因為他可以從工作當中獲得樂趣和知識。

 馬克吐溫始終保持著純真、樂觀的個性去面對生活,所以他能用詼諧、幽默的文字,在平凡而現實的生活中創造

趣味。就像他最著名的兩本小說「湯姆歷險記」和「頑童歷險記」一定,充滿著人情味和溫暖,同時也帶給人們快樂。

出處:http://www.socialwork.com.hk/child/read/famous/fam...

幫我準確翻譯 謝謝大家..

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Mark Twain

    A.D. 1835, well known American humorous writer mark Twain, born in Florida of Missouri State.

    Mark Twain pseudonym, original name of him ask mountain Miao CrayResearch door (Samuel Langhorne Clemens, 1835-1910) then . Mountain Miao born soon, family financial situation decline, whole family move little village and town to reach Missouri State Town of uncle of Buddhist nun of Chinese.

    Mountain father of Miao an impractical idealist, have long-range ideals, but lack great drive, so is unable to realize one's own ideal effectively.

    Serve as father of lawyer's post, because the town of uncle of Buddhist nun of Chinese is only the remote villages and towns of a border area, so there are few incomes, can't maintain the living expenses of the family. Then he tries to run a shop, raise donkeys, breed silkworms, buy and sell the land, it's a pity that there is not one that makes money. Poverty and anxiety make his temper unusual, non- talkative, and family remain a distance throughout, destroy personality of him never, would rather have again money, he variable seller's thing, unwilling to fall into debt too, the residents in the town all respect him very much. Mountain Miao respect father too, dare, on intimate terms with him, influence mountain individual character of Miao really and personality his mother.

    On the mountain in Miao's heart, mother is a strong woman. Mother's economic situation unstable to the family, take things calmly, no matter how life is in privation, whom she try hard let the children feel safe and comfortable.

    2007-10-31 17:00:50 補充:

    Mother likes going to church very much, because faith can bring courage to her, enable her to face all predicaments. Lively active mountain Miao, like going to church at all innately. Quiet mountain Miao that does not come down even to one quarter,

    2007-10-31 17:00:58 補充:

    pastor telling the discredited and also long reason, even more painful than to want him to put the platform to torture. Even so, for mother, mountain Miao can still go to church with family every Sunday.

    2007-10-31 17:01:05 補充:

    Mountain Miao have abundant imagination strength and curiosity, in the eyes, the world full of more fresh interesting thing everywhere in him, worth exploring. He likes the practical joke, but never undue. He is the most troublesome child of mother, and the child who mother is most fond of too.

    2007-10-31 17:01:13 補充:

    At that time, one family will hire several black person help house work, mountain bad family circumstances Miao usually, so has only employed a little black person, he is a mountain younger brother.

    2007-10-31 17:01:20 補充:

    Mountain younger brother do things always dilatory, each job take someone else double time, could be finished. He often becomes mountain marriage partner playing a trick Miao.

    2007-10-31 17:01:35 補充:

    In a morning with gentle breezes and warm sunshine, the mountain younger brother sits under the tree, look at the distant place and stare flankly, mountain Miao watch, think mountain younger brother lazy, want to tease him.

    2007-10-31 17:01:42 補充:

    Mother find out mountain intention of Miao, appear, prevent from, say: ' the pitiful only relative of younger brother of mountain passed away, the whole person became listless. Mountain Miao you should not tease him also! ' mountain sensible place Miao nod.

    2007-10-31 17:02:06 補充:

    Through in a couple of days, mountain Miao see mountain younger brother recover in the past so: Moaning the ditty, very leisurely work. Think: Merciless mountain younger brother, the relative dies soon, no longer sad, so happy!

    2007-10-31 17:02:13 補充:

    Mountain Miao say own idea to mother, mother shakes the head and says: ' actually the mountain younger brother is a brave child!

    2007-10-31 17:02:23 補充:

    So great a thing happens, bear quietly alone. Saw him always staring flankly a few days ago, did not smile either without crying, I was really anxious for him yet! He spends that period of saddest days at long last now, we should be glad for him. '

    2007-10-31 17:02:44 補充:

    Mountain 11 that year such as year old Miao, father die of illness, family shroud under one gloomy expression miserable fog immediately,

    2007-10-31 17:02:54 補充:

    life gets into a difficult position once again too. Mother tell mountain Miao sorrowfully: ' the child, the family has no enough money to supply you and go to school now, so . Hurt and wronged, you!

    2007-10-31 17:06:01 補充:

    mountain Miao say briskly: ' in this way I needn't see teacher Ke LuoShi again, what is there hurt and wronged? ' mother know mountain Miao in order to comfort her, say so.

    2007-10-31 17:06:09 補充:

    Needn't go to school, mountain Miao rush everywhere as before no longer too, he know he can and the same as the boy of the discipline again, live the carefree life not considered.

    2007-10-31 17:06:15 補充:

    See elder brother, elder sister find work, mountain Miao want to try one's bit for the house too, but he does not know what should be done.

    2007-10-31 17:06:25 補充:

    Soon, mother has looked for in newspaper office a share to print and work for him. Mountain Miao must take single cent for end door Mr. work; End door Mr. must supply mountain wipe out, live in and dress Miao.

    2007-10-31 17:06:32 補充:

    End door Mr. pieces of stingy people very. Clothes that he offer his own old shirt, clothes of him to mountain Miao, one is excessively big directly. Not only the clothes are not fit, even food is pitiably little,

    2007-10-31 17:06:40 補充:

    the meal of meal can not be had enough, can only sleep to sleep in the floor in the evening. But mountain Miao unwilling because life comfortable to with lowliness of position, make oneself unhappy, he always looks for fun, makes fun in arduous life.

    2007-10-31 17:06:48 補充:

    Work that composing print quite mechanical dull, mountain Miao want, move their really sometimes, but he thinks of mother, bears, then often utilize and sing to alleviate the gloom of life. Gradually,

    2007-10-31 17:06:54 補充:

    he begins to read the news that oneself arranged out, knows the news of many all parts from it, widen his visual field too. Now he realizes job is the best remuneration, because he can obtain fun and knowledge from the work in the middle.

    2007-10-31 17:07:01 補充:

    Mark Twain remains the pure, optimistic individual character throughout to face life, so he can use the humorous, humorous characters, creates in ordinary and realistic life

    2007-10-31 17:07:07 補充:

    Interesting. It is just as the most in he for the name one for two copy novel ' endanger write Tom ' with ' playboy endanger write ' will certainly, full of human touch and make warm, bring happiness to people at the same time.

    Source(s): QQ
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