Mulattos, Mestizos, Creoles, Octaroons, Metis. There are many different names for such offspring, often creating a new classification different from that of both parents. Different tribes will enrol children of mixed marriages as full and enfranchised members of the tribe, nation, or band. For some tribal rolls have already been closed (Creek and Cherokee in 1928) and only direct descendants of those already on the rolls may be entered. Apartheid in South Africa classed people as either White, Black, or Coloured. Miscegenation was forbidden and those of mixed or indiscriminate parentage were disenfranchised. Octaroons (1/8 Black) were at one time considered White, and later considered Black. Creoles (a mixture of all the races and languages, African, Spanish, Indian, French, and English) were a separate category that at various times was considered Black, French, or Spanish. A similar thing happened in Upstate New York with the Souters, groups of intermarried families dating from the time of the Revolutionary War , basically German speaking, mixing Palatinate Germans with outcast members of the Five Nations (mainly Mohawk) and freed or runaway slaves, some bringing their native Gullah into the dialect, this community was isolated until the Great Depression and WW II brought the highways and then Interstates into the Catskill mountains of Scoharie and Delaware Counties. These people are generally thought of as White or Caucasian. Souter used to be a stigma, but is now something of a mark of pride and distinction. The Metis of Canada and the Northern United States are thought of in Canada as a separate group belonging to the First Nations. They also identify as either French or Native (Usually Cree, Ojibwa, Algonkin, or MicMac). In the US their status is non distinct (encountering a greater deal of racial discrimination and higher rate of social pathologies). Hispanics often discriminate on the basis of colour or shade of the skin and purity of Spanish dialect, whether one is high or low born, peasants or landed gentry. There is frequent one-ups-manships in families as to who is more "pure". This happens in even greater frequency in West Indian society, which has a higher literacy and success rate than the general Black community. I can recall growing up that my mother, who was 1/2 Creek preferred to "pass" as high born Chicano. My brother had the square face, high cheekbones, and darker complexion. I am as fair as he was dark, with blonde hair, blue eyes, and very pronounced German features. If I even said I was "passing" everybody would laugh. When it came to making out my marriage license I told the County Clerk to write in "human" in the box marked race. All children are one family, and should be treated as such, each beautiful and valuable.
[TD I'm afraid I have to disagree with you on this one. Despite the mythology of the melting pot, America is one of the most racist societies on the face of God's green earth. Oriental Cultures, Muslims, Polynesians and many other societies have long practised greater and more open mixing. In Canada the cultural mosaic represents far greater respect for diversity of race and culture than the American mixing pot. Brazil, as our friend (((Moon))) says is a wide open society. Among many (but not all) Native Americans a person was far more valued for who s/he was than where or what colour they came from. There are still uncontested miscegenation laws on many of the books across the US. There is a very greatly disproportionate number of Blacks and Latinos in our prison population, which is the highest per capita in the world.]