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茉莉 asked in 環境其他 - 環境 · 1 decade ago

Rainforest 動物介紹

係熱帶雨林搵一種動物做介紹,,

一種就夠架喇~

要用英文喎...

仲裁佢既特徵,,習性,,同RAINFOREST既關係等等

急呀,,唔該哂~

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    猩猩(學名Pongo),也叫人猿、紅猩猩、紅毛猩猩,靈長目的一屬,與猴子最大不同的地方就是沒有尾巴,能用手或腳拿東西。與人類十分相近,與人類基因相似度達96.4%。活動的習性通常不用聲音溝通,通常有好幾個個體會在同一個區域活動,但彼此不幹擾。平均壽命大概40年。

    目錄 [隱藏]

    1 分佈

    2 食物

    3 數量

    4 外部連結

    [編輯] 分佈

    有兩種,分別分佈於馬來西亞和印尼的婆羅洲以及印尼的蘇門達臘。

    [編輯] 食物

    猩猩的食物為果實、花、樹葉和樹皮。部分猩猩也吃昆蟲和鳥類。

    [編輯] 數量

    猩猩的生育策略都是採取子代數目少,懷孕期約233~263天,但撫養期間很長的策略,大概要六到七歲左右才能漸漸獨立生活。通常是雌性負責照顧後代,雄性大多獨立行動。因為生育期如此漫長,整體的生育率顯得很低,再加上棲息地被破壞,獵人的捕捉,許多猩猩面臨瀕臨絕種的危險。猩猩的數量在過去一百年明顯減少了91%,現今生存在婆羅洲的猩猩已剩大約五萬五千隻。

    Orangutan

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    This article is about the primate. For the chess opening, see Sokolsky Opening.

    Orangutans[1]

    Scientific classification

    Kingdom: Animalia

    Phylum: Chordata

    Class: Mammalia

    Order: Primates

    Family: Hominidae

    Subfamily: Ponginae

    Elliot, 1912

    Genus: Pongo

    Lacépède, 1799

    Type species

    Simia pygmaeus

    Linnaeus, 1760

    Orangutan distribution

    Species

    Pongo pygmaeus

    Pongo abelii

    The orangutans are two species of great apes known for their intelligence and their long arms and reddish-brown hair. Native to Indonesia and Malaysia, they are currently found only in rainforests on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra, though fossils have been found in Java, Vietnam and China. They are the only extant species in the genus Pongo and the subfamily Ponginae (which also includes the extinct genera Gigantopithecus and Sivapithecus). Their name derives from the Malay and Indonesian phrase orang hutan, meaning "person of the forest".[2][3]

    Contents [hide]

    1 Etymology

    2 Ecology and appearance

    3 Bimodal Male Development

    4 Diet

    5 Behaviour and language

    6 Species

    7 Conservation status

    8 See also

    9 References

    10 External links

    [edit] Etymology

    The word orangutan (also written orang-utan, orang utan and orangutang) is derived from the Malay and Indonesian words orang meaning "person" and hutan meaning "forest", thus "man of the forest". Orang Hutan is the common term in these two national languages, although local peoples may also refer to them by local languages. Maias and mawas are also used in Malay, but it is unclear if those words refer only to orangutans, or to all apes in general.

    The word was first attested in English in 1691 in the form orang-outang, and variants with -ng instead of -n as in the Malay original are found in many languages. This spelling (and pronunciation) has remained in use in English up to the present, but has come to be regarded as incorrect by some.[4] However, dictionaries such as the American Heritage Dictionary regard forms with -ng as acceptable variants.

    The name of the genus, Pongo, comes from a 16th century account by Andrew Battell, an English sailor held prisoner by the Portuguese in Angola, which describes two anthropoid "monsters" named Pongo and Engeco. It is now believed that he was describing gorillas, but in the late 18th century it was believed that all great apes were orangutans; hence Lacépède's use of Pongo for the genus.[5]

    [edit] Ecology and appearance

    Orangutans are the most arboreal of the great apes, spending nearly all of their time in the trees. Every night they fashion nests to sleep in from branches and foliage. They are more solitary than the other apes, with males and females generally coming together only to mate. Mothers stay with their babies until the offspring reach an age of six or seven years. There is significant sexual dimorphism between females and males: females can grow to around 4 ft 2 in or 127 centimetres and weigh around 100 lbs or 45 kg, while fully mature males can reach 5 ft 9 in or 175 centimetres in height and weigh over 260 lbs or 118 kg.[6] Fully mature males can be distinguished by their prominent cheek flanges and longer hair

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