History of Castilla y Leon, Spain?
Can you give me a few good sites with an indepth history of this region in Spain?
- Anonymous1 decade agoBest Answer
- JosephineLv 71 decade ago
Castile and León (Castilian: Castilla y León), known formally as the Community of Castile and León is one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain. It was constructed from León and Old Castile (Castilian: Castilla la Vieja) in 1983. Charter of the Curia Regis, 1188
The tradition of the Regional Courts of León (not Castille) is traced back to the Royal Council (Latin: Curia Regis) of León (1188). The Leonese Curia Regis was a king's summons of the estates of the realm. Although the practical outcome of the Curia Regis of 1188 is still disputed, its charter seems to be an early movement towards the rule of constitutional law, much like the Magna Carta.
Not much in depth sites sorry. You might need to look in libraries.
- sparks9653Lv 61 decade ago
Castilla Leon is the magical “land of the castles” – a land which gave birth to the Castilian Spanish language, the legendary hero El Cid and Saint Teresa of Avila. It’s a place where ancient history, myth and legend have become so interwoven over the centuries that it’s sometimes hard to separate the facts from the fairytales.
It’s a fact that Walt Disney used Segovia’s fairytale Moorish fortress as the inspiration for his famous Sleeping Beauty castle. And it’s also a fact that the region is home to a province which boasts more medieval castles than anywhere else in Europe.
It’s the largest region in Spain and it’s littered with enchanting medieval villages, some of the most impressive Gothic cathedrals in Europe and historic cities which are like living, outdoor museums. Names such as Segovia and Salamanca are enough in themselves to fire the imagination and these extraordinarily beautiful cities generally surpass the expectations of first time visitors. Together with Avila, these cities have earned World Heritage status along with the Santiago Way – the famous pilgrims’ trail which traverses Castilla Leon en route to the Galician capital of Santiago de Compostela.
Some history on Castilla Y Leon
The ancient kingdom of Castilla (Castile) was first united with the neighbouring kingdom of Leon in the early part of the 11 th century. It takes its name from the many castles built by the Christians as a defence against the Moorish invaders in the 8 th and 9 th centuries. In the early years of Arab domination, the region was at the vanguard of the centuries-long battle to oust the Moors. The most famous champion of the Christian reconquest was “El Cid el Campeador” who was born in Bivar near the city of Burgos and whose coffin lies in the city’s truly magnificent 13 th century cathedral (yet another of Castilla Leon’s many World Heritage sites).
Visitors from all over the world come to Castilla Leon to follow the “route of the castles” and to soak up the rich history of a region awash with well preserved legacies from the days of the Roman, Moorish and Spanish empires.
Some places to see in Castilla y Leon
Near the city of Leon you can visit the site of the Roman empire’s biggest gold mines – Las Medulas where the Romans devised pioneering techniques based on hydraulic power to access gold deposits in the first century AD (yes, another World Heritage listing!).
The magnificent Roman aqueduct running through Segovia is one of the region’s greatest architectural wonders. It’s one of the best preserved aqueducts in the world – constructed from 20,400 stones which have held fast for 2,000 years without the aid of a drop of mortar. Segovia’s other top tourist attraction is its fabulous palace-***-castle – the Moorish alcazar built in the 12 th and 13 th centuries and replicated in 20 th century Disney cartoons and theme parks.
The gorgeous “golden city” of Salamanca (so-called because of the yellowy-red sandstone used in the construction of many of its ancient and modern buildings) is home to Spain’s oldest university, founded in 1218 by King Alfonso IX. Both the universities of Salamanca and Valladolid (the former capital of the Spanish empire in its 15 th century glory days) attract foreign students keen to study in a region famed for cultivating the purest form of the Spanish language.
The fortified medieval town of Avila, the birthplace of Saint Teresa, is one of the biggest tourist attractions in the whole of the region. It’s still encircled by 11th century walls punctuated with nine gates and more than 80 look-out towers.
But Avila and St Teresa are part of modern history compared with the archaeological site at Atapuerta, 15 kilometres east of Burgos, where the 800,000-year-old remains of Europe’s earliest inhabitants have been discovered.