? asked in 社會及文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請幫忙我翻譯 這是握的graduation project

從英語教育各個機構 幼稚園、補習班、學校等等從學童身上調查出學習英語的動機與原因有四大類 :

1. 應父母要求學習。

2. 聽不懂。

3. 不知道為什麼要學習英語。

4. 補習班會打人。

孩子自全美語、雙語幼稚園畢業後,大多數父母為尋求語言的銜接,將他們送入補習班或兒童英語機構繼續英語教學,故國小英語課程未落實能力分班制度,不僅造成班級內學生程度差距過大,而且也因學校教材選擇,無法滿足所有孩童學習的需求,更遑論口語練習的機會。所以,家長只得藉助補習教育,使孩子的英語學習不間斷;但問題接踵而來︰補習班師資的來源、教材難易度是否兼顧兒童認知和身心發展,都是家長無法判別的,只剩下教師透過考試和評量,單字文法記憶的驗收,來鑑定孩童是否學習吸收。各國小英語教師,他們也大多數認同國小三年級學英語為宜,應以強化小一、小二母語及本國語的教學,同時並不贊同由幼稚園起實施英語教學。所以,英語教學向下紮根的立意甚美,但若無教學良方,否則僅造成成人學習英語失敗的夢魘,年齡層向下移而已。

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Researches are conducted at English teaching institutes such as kindergartens, tutorial classes and schools, on reasons that motivate children to learn English. The followings are the responses that are most frequently given:

    1. To satisfy their parents

    2. They do not know English

    3. They do not know the reason

    4. The teachers of the tutorial classes may spank children

    After the children leave a kindergarten that uses English as the medium of instruction or adopts a bilingual curriculum, their parents tend to send them to tutorial classes or any institutes of that kind to continue their English education, in parallel with their normal primary schooling. Under such circumstances, the failure of our primary schools to place students in different classes in respect of differences in their language capacity may result in large capacity gap between students in the same class. Given the restriction in choice of teaching materials, it may be difficult to cater to the varied needs of children, while effective oral practice in class can hardly be achieved.

    In that case, parents have no choice but relying on the tutorial classes for continued English education for their children. However, the downside of doing so is also obvious. Parents lack the control of the quality of teaching in those classes, such as qualification of the teachers, effectiveness of capacity assessment, and the degree to which the classes can to the different psychological needs of children. Teachers thus tend to assess the learning progress by scores of tests and examinations, focusing on rote-memorisation of vocabularies and grammatical rules.

    Most English teachers in our primary schools are of the view that children should start learning English at P.3. P.1 and P.2 should focus on education in first language, while teaching English at kindergarten level is disapproved.

    To conclude, teaching English at a young age as possible for the purpose of more effectively learning may be well-intended. But it is equally likely to thrust our children into the fustruation of failure in learning English that are commonly experienced by adults.

  • 1 decade ago

    1. To satisfy their parents

    2. They do not know English

    3. They do not know the reason

    4. The teachers of the tutorial classes will hit them

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