JENNY asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

找出topic sentences 的幾個題目

我想先知道topic sentences確切的意思

指的是 "主題句 " 嗎??

我這裡有幾個題目

因為都做錯,而且不太會分辨

麻煩英文強的人幫我分析一下~

_______________________________________________

※請選出兩個可以作為topic sentences

Limited topic : how to train a cat

1. this paragraph is about how to train a cat

2. Before a cat learns anything, it first teaches its owner a lesson in humility

3. Everything you wounldn't have thought to ask about training a cat.

4.Training a cat takes physical stamina.

5.Animal training is a complicated subject

答:2和4

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Limited topic : scuba diving

1. The excitement of scuba diving.

2. My childhood fascination with scuba diving.

3. It is vary interesting to experience scuba diving.

4. The sport of scuba diving has always excited me.

5. Since I was a child, I've been fascinated by scuba diving.

答:4 和 5

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Limited topic : changes in patients as they settle into convalescent homes

1. Americans are learning how to grow old gracefully.

2. The outside world seems to shrink when seen through the window of a convalescent home.

3. Closing up a homw and moving to a small room can make even an extrovert turn inward.

4. It is important to look at the changes in patients' attitudes as they settle into convalescent homes.

5. The increasing delight in daily conversation as patients become accustomed to life in a convalescent home.

答:2 和 3

_______________________________________________________

希望能幫我詳細分析一下為什麼 ~thank you

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    Topic sentence 就是重點的簡述. 譬如一篇文章有三個重點,就會有三個Topic sentences. 通常出現再第一句或最後一句,但有時候也會出現在中間(比較少) 反正記得Topic sentence大於內容.

    Topic涵蓋整篇文章, Thesis statement涵蓋所有的Topic sentence和內容, Topic sentences涵蓋其中一個重點的內容

    1. this paragraph is about how to train a cat

    "this paragraph"這是一個寫文章的忌諱,英文叫"announcement".

    就是當你再寫的時候你不能用"這是一篇關於...的文章"去開啟一個主題. 又或者當你寫文章的時候你不會用"I want to talk about..."去進入主題. 美國人會認為你把它們當白癡. 因為讀者已經在看了,所以"this paragrapr" or "I want to talk about" 這些都是必須省略的.

    2. Before a cat learns anything, it first teaches its owner a lesson in humility

    這一句有重點可以發揮,也就是"What is the lesson?" 而"it first teaches its owner a lesson in humility" 這一句可以說是整段的簡述. 也就是說接下去的內容都是在說明細節.

    3. Everything you wounldn't have thought to ask about training a cat.

    這句話違反了主題. 要記得主題是"How to Train a Cat". 所以他無法當成這篇文章裡的一個重點.

    4.Training a cat takes physical stamina.

    這句話已經把重點清楚的表達出來了,也就是"physical stamina", 而且這句話不離題,事關於Trianing a cat.

    5.Animal training is a complicated subject

    你的Limited topic is "How to Train a (Cat)",但是這句話再說(Animal) training. 也就是說這句話只能當"How to Train a Cat" 這個主題的鋪陳, 無法當成一個重點. 因為body paragraphs裡的重點不能大於主題. 否則主題就沒有意義了! 也就是說主題最大, 所以主題涵蓋所有的重點!

    hey i gotta go! i'll try to answer the other two parts later! sorry!

    2007-10-12 02:10:07 補充:

    Hey! 我給你一個 Stander Essay Structure 的網站! (因為我怕我的解釋上會有一些誤會反而害了妳!) 所以我絕得你去看看一定會很有幫助! 這個網站提供了一篇文章做為範例! 非常詳細的幫你指出 Thesis Statement(Sentence), Topic Sentences, 甚至Supporting Sentences(網站上是用 Specific Support). 總之你去看看, 因為如果你想學好如何寫英文文章, 最好試著把網頁看懂. 英文文章的架構其實真的不難! 加油啦!

    進入網站後點按(五個)紅色箭頭就可以看到每一段文章了!

    2007-10-12 02:19:02 補充:

    這個例子的內容比較淺顯易懂!

    2007-10-12 13:47:53 補充:

    突然發現沒給網址哈哈!

    http://www.gc.maricopa.edu/English/essay/

    http://depts.gallaudet.edu/EnglishWorks/writing/fi...

  • 1 decade ago

    Not sure your question is. I think it is better for you to ask your teacher what you really need to do.

  • 1 decade ago

    不好意思,我只有大概看一下題目,所以只放在意見裡,而沒有一題一題分析。但我給你一個簡便的分辨法:

    所謂的topic sentences就像我們中文寫作時所用的"啟"、"承"、"轉"、"合"中的"啟"

    也就是當你寫作時,破題的那個動作==>換句話說,就是作文的開頭

    如果你把那些句子翻成中文,我想你就會比較容易懂,也知道那些是topic sentences了。

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