## Trending News

# Prove that the square root of 5 is irrational?

just a fun exercise in math

### 12 Answers

- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
If √5 is rational, then it can be expressed by some number a/b (in lowest terms). This would mean:

(a/b)² = 5. Squaring,

a² / b² = 5. Multiplying by b²,

a² = 5b².

If a and b are in lowest terms (as supposed), their squares would each have an even number of prime factors. 5b² has one more prime factor than b², meaning it would have an odd number of prime factors.

Every composite has a unique prime factorization and can't have both an even and odd number of prime factors. This contradiction forces the supposition wrong, so √5 cannot be rational. It is, therefore, irrational.

- 5 years ago
This Site Might Help You.

RE:

Prove that the square root of 5 is irrational?

just a fun exercise in math

Source(s): prove square root 5 irrational: https://shortly.im/G9MVe - Christine PLv 51 decade ago
Here's a link to "The square root of any prime number is irrational". Since 5 is a prime number, then its square root is irrational

- Anonymous4 years ago
Suppose sqrt(2)+sqrt(5) is rational, say sqrt(2) + sqrt(5) = q where q is a rational number. Then, sqrt(5) = q - sqrt(2) Now square both sides 5 = q^2 - 2q*sqrt(2) + 2 i.e. 2q*sqrt(2) = q^2 - 3 Now q is clearly positive so we can divide both sides by 2q to get sqrt(2) = (q^2-3)/(2q) But if q is rational then so is (q^2-3)/(2q), so this says that sqrt(2) is rational, contradiction.

- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
"The first sixty significant digits of its decimal expansion are:

2.23606 79774 99789 69640 91736 68731 27623 54406 18359 61152 57242 7089... which can be rounded down to 2.236 to within 99.99% accuracy. As of April 1994, its numerical value in decimal had been computed to at least one million digits."

There is no definite way to determine that the square root of 5 is irrational, you can only disprove this fact. Since the number has been computed to 1 million digits, and nobody has been able to prove that it is rational, the square root of 5 is generally accepted as an irrational number.

- ironduke8159Lv 71 decade ago
To prove: The square root of 5 is irrational. In other words, there is no rational number whose square is 2.

Proof by contradiction: Begin by assuming that the thesis is false; that is, that there does exist a rational number whose square is 2.

By definition of a rational number, that number can be expressed in the form c/d, where c and d are integers, and d is not zero. Moreover, those integers, c and d, have a greatest common divisor, and by dividing each by that GCD, we obtain an equivalent fraction a/b that is in lowest terms: a and b are integers, b is not zero, and a and b are relatively prime (their GCD is 1).

Now we have (a/b)^2 = 5, so a^2 = 5b^2

If b is even then b^2 is even and so 5b^2 is even. If b is odd then b^2 is odd, but 5b^2 is even. So since 5b^2 is even, a^2 is even. Thus a is even.

So we can say a = 2r and thus (2r)^2 = 5b^2

4r^2 = 5b^2

.8r^2 = b^2

Since .8r^2 is even, b^2 must be even, and thus b is even.

But since both a and b are even, a/b is not in its lowest terms which contradicts the assumption that a and b are

relatively prime. Therefore the assumption is incorrect, and there must NOT be a rational number whose square is 5.

Source(s): Dr. Math - Anonymous6 years ago
"just a fun exercise in math" <=> "it's from my homework assignment"